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San Miguel, Bulacan

Municipality of San Miguel
Bayan ng San Miguel
San Miguel de Mayumo
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 15°8′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833Coordinates: 15°8′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833{{#coordinates:15|8|45|N|120|58|42|E|type:city(142854)_region:PH |primary |name=

Country [[{{#property:P17}}]]
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province [[{{#property:P131}}]]
District 3rd District
de jure 1874
de facto 1763
Barangays 49
 • Mayor Roderick D.G. Tiongson
 • Vice Mayor Marivee Mendez-Coronel
 • Total 231.40 km2 (89.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 142,854
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code {{#property:P281}}
Dialing code {{#property:P473}}
Income class 1st class

San Miguel, Bulacan (Filipino: Bayan ng San Miguel; Kapampangan: Balen ning San Miguel; Ilocano: Ili ti San Miguel) is a first class, urban municipality located in the third district of the province of Bulacan, Philippines.[4] It was the 2nd largest municipality (area) in Bulacan. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 142,854 people.[3]


File:San mIguel c.JPG
San Miguel de Arkanghel Parish Church built during Spanish Regime

The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo was established in 1763 with Carlos Agustin Maniquiz, Maria Juana Puno - wife of Carlos Agustin Maniquiz and Miguel Pineda as the first town mayor of San Miguel. Miguel Pineda was a native of Angat, Bulacan who decided to settle permanently in the barrio of San Bartolome (now named Barangay Tartaro). He found the place ideal for hunting and was later chosen as the leader of other settlers. He formed an alliance with Mariano Puno, the recognized leader of the adjacent prosperous village called Sto. Rosario (now named Barangay Mandile). The two leaders decided to form a town named Miguel De Mayumo after the name of Miguel Pineda and Mayumo, a Kapampangan word for sweets, for the goodwill and generosity of Mariano Puno. The town was supposed to be part of Pampanga. San Miguel’s culture drifted from Kapampangan influence. San Miguel used to be the biggest town in Bulacan but when San Ildefonso, Bulacan was proclaimed a town during the 1900s and during the Marcos Regime, he made Doña Remedios Trinidad a town (named after his wife's mother), San Miguel was right as the 2nd.

The Pact of Biak-Na-Bato

Main article: Pact of Biak-na-Bato

During the Philippine Revolution in 1897, newly appointed Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera decided to crush Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops in Cavite, but Aguinaldo fled to Batangas and joined forces with Gen. Miguel Malvar. The Spaniards continue their pursuit but the troops outwitted them by going to the province of Morong (now Rizal) and finally to Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel de Mayumo (San Miguel), Bulacan. Aguinaldo made the mountain caves into his headquarters.

On August 26, 2007, residents at the foot of the Biak-na-Bato mountains petitioned president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to declare the mountains protected areas to stop marble quarrying and mining there. Biak-na-Bato (21.17 km² in the villages of Kalawakan and Talbak in Doña Remedios Trinidad town and the villages of Biak-na-Bato and Sibul) was one of the camps of the revolutionary Katipunan forces in the 19th century, was declared a national park by Manuel L. Quezon on Nov. 16, 1937 through Proclamation No. 223.[5]

Siege of Baler

Main article: Siege of Baler

Baler, Aurora is a small town located on the eastern coast of Luzon, part of the jurisdiction of the District of El Principe. In June 1898, the Spanish forces holding Baler continued to resist whereas most of the other towns had already surrendered to Emilio Aguinaldo’s forces. Captain Enrique de las Morenas was in charge of the defense of Baler. For fear of attack, he ordered his men to seek refuge inside the church of Baler on June 27, 1898. Providing themselves with arms, ammunition and food, the Spaniards turned the church into a formidable fortress.

The end of the Siege of Baler occurred on June 2, 1899. The Spaniards went outside of the church to negotiate the terms of surrender. Representing Emilio Aguinaldo and the newly established Philippine Republic was Revolutionary Colonel Simon O. Tecson who negotiated that the Spanish troops would not be treated as prisoners of war. With the terms of surrender completed, the rest of the Spanish troops marched out of the church with their weapons while Filipino troops lined up the pathway. Out of the more than 50 soldiers who sought refuge in the church of Baler before the siege, only 35 survived.

The Siege of Baler represents the culmination of the more than three hundred-year hostility between Filipinos and Spaniards. It ended in forgiveness and reconciliation. This event is made even more memorable through the passage of Republic Act No. 9187 on February 5, 2003 calling for the celebration of Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day every June 30. The historic Siege of Baler honors the Filipino and Spanish heroes who fought and died for their principles.

Japanese occupation

Founded during World War II, Japanese Imperial ground troops entered and occupied the town municipality of San Miguel on 1942. Local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units retreated into the nearby mountains to become the Bulakeño guerrilla resistance against the Japanese occupation forces until the province's liberation.


The town of San Miguel is bounded by Nueva Ecija Province in the northernmost area, Pampanga Province in the west, the town is bounded by two provinces with land borders. The town of San Ildefonso, Bulacan lies next to San Miguel in the southernmost area, Doña Remedios Trinidad in the eastmost area which also borders San Rafael and Angat. San Miguel then was the biggest municipality in the province of Bulacan before some areas were taken and annexed to Doña Remedios Trinidad during the term of Ferdinand Marcos. The geographic nature of the town is diversified and multi-faceted, rich in nature's beauty like waterfall, rivers, caves, few mountains, hilly areas and springs. The mainland are plain agricultural lands, some part of which was substantially eroded due to commercialization and urbanization.[citation needed]


The prevailing climatic conditions in the municipality is categorized into two types: Wet season and dry season.

  • Wet Season - (Rainy season or Monsoon season)
  • Dry Season - (Summer season)
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Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in this town with 89% of the population. The second is the Members Church of God International with 4%, Iglesia ni Cristo with 1%, Evangelicals With 4% and other religious groups with 2%.


  • Sibul Springs - The area is famous for the springs coming directly from the mountains, which attracted a lot of people including the past Philippine president like Manuel L. Quezon and famous artists during the pre-war and post-war era.
  • Mount Manalmon
  • Madlum Caves and River - The area is in barangay Madlum where Mount Manalmon, a hilly landscape, possess these novel landscapes of Madlum River (Manalmon River and Caves). The river is a snaky river with shallow clear water along the left side deepening to the right side. The rightmost portion has towering rock walls lining the riverside, past the walls are widening riverbanks with sandy shore. Another hilly elevation in the area is Mount Gola. Various caves with dark portals are within the area, namely Bayukbok Cave and Victoria Cave and numerous caves, some of which are inhibited by bats.
  • Tilandong Falls
  • Balaong River
  • Mount Susong Dalaga (Maiden's Breast Mountain)
  • Banal na Bundok (Holy Mountain)
  • Biak-na-Bato - Biak-na-Bato is an historical spot rich in nostalgic echoes of heroic past. This landscape is a hilly cave fortress that looks like a big, spreading rock covered with cracks and splits inside and out, with some pieces sprawled out the vicinity and along the river. This historic spot, the Aguinaldo Cave, the main cave of a network of caves, used to be the headquarters of Emilio Aguinaldo and the First Philippine Republic Cabinet Officials and its arm. It actually has more than a hundred caves, many of which remain unexplored. Underneath the Aguinaldo Cave runs an underground natural spring with cool and refreshing water. Outside, the crystal clear river runs smoothly, blocked currently, and then by boulders scattered indiscriminately on the river. Along the riverbeds lie sections of cracks and openings of the giant rock, and one opening, called the “Cuarto Cuarto” or “room partitions” has plenty of stalactites as its “chandeliers” on the cave’s ceiling. This opening is one of the cave networks issuing from Aguinaldo's Cave. A further stroll following the riverbed uphill and downhill leads to the majestic “Bahay Paniki Cave” (House of Bats) whose ceiling is 50 meters high. A swarm of Paniki, (bats), regularly hovers on the ceiling of this awesome mouth which looks like the main crack of this hilly rock. Going farther on this trek along the riverbed, one will discover that this river is where several natural springs in the area congregate. Also, a large contributory is the spring water from the mountain systems of Sierra Madre Mountain Range - Sierra Madre Mountains of Luzon island. This natural spring serves the local communities around Biak-na-Bato, and partly, Metro Manila residents. This historical spot, Biak-na-Bato, was the headquarters of the first Philippine Republic. It was a cave fortress affording seclusion and protection. Up to the present time this historical spot continues to offer a hideaway haven amid cool natural springs and a thought-provoking labyrinth of cave networks.
  • San Miguel Leisure Farm Resort - A resort situated in barangay Biak-na-Bato.
  • San Miguel de Mayumo Arc - An arch in the entrance of the town, a welcome arc.
  • San Miguel Municipal Hall
  • Don Felipe Buencamino Marker - A historical marker in honor of Felipe S. Buencamino Sr. who was a revolutionary leader.
  • Clock Tower
  • San Miguel de Arkanghel Church - (St. Michael the Archangel Parish Church) - The province of Bulacan is not only rich in history but it is one of the earliest, about 1572 to be Christianized. A testimony to this are various churches of colonial period in many cities and towns like San Miguel, Bulacan.
  • Tecson House: The house of Simon Tecson - Simon Ocampo Tecson of Siege of Baler. It is the house where the ratification of the first Philippine Constitution took place, and signed with Emilio Aguinaldo, the revolutionary general who became the first Philippine president: Tecson House.
  • Camp Tecson - A military camp in Sibul Spring, which has become the central garrison of military training of Philippine Armed Forces - 1st Scout Ranger Regiment. The land was donated by Pablo Tecson (1902-1906 governor of Bulacan province and a revolutionary hero.)

Ancestral Houses

This ancestral houses are build in Spanish era.

Famous people from San Miguel

File:San Miguel222.JPG
Tecson House - The house where Emilio Aguinaldo slept before he departed to Pangasinan. The house of Simon Tecson


The town has numerous public schools offering elementary and high school education. Some of the elementary public schools are:

  • Don Felix de Leon Memorial School in Brgy. San Agustin
  • San Miguel South Central Elementary School,located in population center of the town
  • San Jose Elementary School, located in barangay San Jose
  • San Miguel North Central School, in barangay Camias
  • Dr. Juan F. Pascual Memorial School, located in barangay Salangan

Some of the public high schools are:

  • John J. Russel Memorial High School, located at Sibul
  • Partida High School, located at Partida
  • San Miguel National High School, located in barangay San Juan
  • Vedasto Santiago High School, San Miguel High School Annex, located in barangay Salacot
  • Balaong National High School, located at Barangay Balaong
File:San Miguel Central School.JPG
San Miguel Elementary School

Some of the private schools offering elementary and pre-elementary education are:

  • Children's Haven School of San Miguel Bulacan, located in barangay San Jose
  • D. C. Nicolas School, located in barangay Tigpalas
  • Park Ridge School of Montessori, located in barangay Camias
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
  • School of Mount St. Mary, located in barangay Sta. Rita (New)

Some of the tertiary schools are:

  • Bulacan Polytechnic College (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Salacot
  • Integrated College of Business and Technology at barangay Salangan San Miguel
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan


Municipal government

  • Municipal mayor: Roderick D.G. Tiongson
  • Municipal vice mayor: Marivee Mendez-Coronel

List of former mayors

  • Miguel Pineda - The first town mayor when the town was established, 1763
  • Santi Sevilla - 1999 - 2001 (citation needed)
  • Edmundo Jose "POP" Buencamino - 2001 - 2004 (term didn't finished due to a case in Sandiganbayan)


San Miguel is administratively subdivided into 49 barangays.[4] Of these, 11 are considered urban and the rest rural. The most populous barangay is Sibul and the least populous is Pacalag.

Name Classification[4] Population[4]
Bagong Pag-asa Urban 1,306
Bagong Silang Rural 1,746
Balaong Urban 2,665
Balite Rural 2,608
Bantog Urban 3,336
Bardias Urban 1,541
Baritan Rural 1,015
Batasan Bata Urban 2,117
Batasan Matanda Urban 2,735
Biak-na-Bato Urban 1,192
Biclat Rural 1,495
Buga Urban 1,653
Buliran Rural 4,560
Bulualto Rural 2,622
Calumpang Rural 3,870
Cambio Rural 1,990
Camias Urban 6,706
Ilog-Bulo Rural 1,416
King Kabayo Rural 1,514
Labne Rural 1,461
Lambakin Rural 2,336
Magmarale Rural 2,077
Malibay Rural 2,031
Maligaya Urban 1,723
Mandile Rural 1,627
Masalipit Rural 2,697
Pacalag Rural 891
Paliwasan Rural 2,404
Partida Rural 3,162
Pinambaran Rural 3,671
Poblacion Urban 3,386
Pulong Bayabas Rural 1,187
Pulong Duhat Rural 1,132
Sacdalan Rural 1,745
Salacot Rural 3,010
Salangan Rural 4,300
San Agustin Urban 3,743
San Jose Urban 5,310
San Juan Rural 6,749
San Vicente Urban 2,955
Santa Ines Rural 5,135
Santa Lucia Rural 2,745
Santa Rita Bata Rural 3,036
Santa Rita Matanda Rural 2,438
Sapang Rural 1,503
Sibul Springs Rural 8,570
Tartaro Rural 5,374
Tibagan Rural 3,099
Tigpalas Rural 3,255


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for San Miguel - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^, Bulaceños want Biak-na-Bato declared a protected area

External links