San Pasqual Valley AVA
The San Pasqual Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in northern San Diego County, California. San Pasqual Valley was the fourth wine region to be designated an American Viticultural Area when the AVA was created in 1981. It belongs to Region IV on the Winkler scale. The climate in this appellation is desert-like but tempered by cool breezes from the Pacific Ocean, with long growing seasons (average temperatures above Script error: No such module "convert". year-round), warm winters with nighttime lows rarely dipping below Script error: No such module "convert"., and summers with daily highs rarely exceeding Script error: No such module "convert".. With cooler evenings and granite-based soils that drain well, grapes from this area are able to retain their colors and balanced acidity. The area is planted with a wide range of Vitis Vinifera with Grenache, Merlot Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo and Viognier being some of the most widely planted. The AVA is defined roughly to include both coasts of San Dieguito River on the east side of I-15, between San Diego and Escondido, up to the elevation of 500 feet.
There is a total of one commercial vineyard in this AVA, namely the Orfila Winery. The Ferrara Winery and the Cordiano Winery are located in the area, but they are both technically outside the boundaries of the AVA. The AVA is encroached on by cities of San Diego, Poway, and Escondido, resulting in relatively high land values and limiting the viticulture potential.
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