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Saqiya

For the device, see Sakia.
Saqiya
Arabic ساقِية
Name meaning "The water wheel"[1]
Subdistrict Jaffa
Coordinates

32°01′44.28″N 34°50′35.28″E / 32.0289667°N 34.8431333°E / 32.0289667; 34.8431333Coordinates: 32°01′44.28″N 34°50′35.28″E / 32.0289667°N 34.8431333°E / 32.0289667; 34.8431333{{#coordinates:32|01|44.28|N|34|50|35.28|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 135/159
Population 1100[2] (1945)
Area 5,850[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 25 April 1948 [3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Or Yehuda

Saqiya (Arabic: ساقِية‎, meaning "The water wheel")[1] was a village in Palestine (Jaffa district) Script error: No such module "convert". away from Jaffa, depopulated in 1948.

Location

The village was located Script error: No such module "convert". east of Jaffa, Script error: No such module "convert". above sea level, on uneven land in the central coastal plain. A number of paved roads passing through or near the village allowed them to easy access to Ludd and Jaffa, Tel Aviv, as well as the villages adjacent to it.[4]

History

In 1596, under Ottoman rule, Saqiya was a village in the nahiya of Ramla (liwa´ of Gaza), with a population of 270. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, fruit and sesame, as well as on other types of property, such as goats, beehives and vineyards.[5]

The Syrian Sufi travelers al-Bakri al-Siddiqi, who toured the region in the mid-eighteenth century, wrote that he passed through Saqiya while he was on his way to Jaffa.[6]

In the late nineteenth century, the village had a well to the south.[7] The adobe brick-built homes were built close to each other. In the later years on the Mandate some cement buildings were built coupled with a slight expansion of the village. The inhabitants of the village were Muslim and had a mosque, established at the end of the Mandate.[8]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Sakieh had a population of 427, all Muslims,[9] increasing in the 1931 census to 663 inhabitants, still all Muslims, in 142 houses.[10]

A primary school for boys was established in 1936. This school acquired 16 dunums of land for agricultural training, and it had 136 pupils enrolled by the mid-forties. The inhabitants of the village engaged mainly in agriculture; cultivating fruit, especially citrus, grains and vegetables.[8]

By 1945 the population had increased to 1,100, all Arabs, while the total land area was 5,850 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[2] Of the land area, a total of 2422 were used for growing citrus and banana, 145 were for plantations and irrigable land, 2534 for cereals,[11] while 114 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[12]

1948 war and aftermath

According to Israeli sources the village was attacked and occupied on 25 April 1948. But according to the Palestinians and a telegram sent to the Associated Press noted that it was a few days later on 27–28 April, along with the Khayriya and Kafr Ana villages. Whatever was the case, Saqiya was among the villages targeted in the process of Operation Hametz. The "History of Hagannah" mention that the occupation of Saqiya and the surrounding villages have been done (without fighting) without mentioning anything about the population number at that time.

However, the villagers tell a different story. This is Abu Mohamed from the village, describing what happened on 25 April 1948:
"Jews entered the village and started shooting women, men, and old people. They arrested girls, and we still don't know what happened to them. They came from the settlement that was near the village... They used Bren guns. Then armoured vehicles entered the centre of the village. Fourteen were killed that day... Two women could not run so they were killed in the village... The villagers ran together in the direction of al-Lid. After that families started to leave separately... We left everything in the village... We thought it would be a short trip and we would come back."[13]

Or Yehuda was established on the territory of the village in the year 1950 for the resettlement of Jews from Iraq and North Africa. Ramat Pinqas was established in the year 1952, on land belonging to the neighboring village of Khayriya.[8]

Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, described the village remains in 1992: "No more than ten houses remain. Some are inhabited by Jewish families, one is used as a workshop for car repair, and others are deserted. One of the occupied houses has a large front door and a garret with a slanted roof extending along the short side. A second house is quite long and has a large number of windows of various sizes. A third is a two-storey house whose second floor is fronted by a facade decoreted with wide lancet arches. In addition to the houses, there are truncated walls, the mud-brick foundation of a destroyed building, and other debris on the site. There are also cactuses and sycamore, cypress, Christs-thorn, and palm trees. Part of the surrounding land is cultivated; the rest is covered by settlement buildings."[8]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Palmer, 1881, p. 217 See Sakia.
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 53
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. XVIII, village #214 Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 257
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 154. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 257.
  6. ^ Stated in Khalidi 1968: 145. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.257-258.
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 254, Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 258
  8. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 258
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 15
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 96
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 146
  13. ^ Robert Fisk: Arabs have to rely on Britain and Israel for their history, Saturday, 1 November 2008, The Independent.

Bibliography

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External links