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Sarafand al-Kharab

This article is about the former village in Ramle Sub-district. For the former village in Ramle Sub-district, see Sarafand al-Amar. For the former village in Haifa Sub-district, see Al-Sarafand.
Sarafand al-Kharab
Arabic صرفند الخراب
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates

31°56′10.75″N 34°48′20.3″E / 31.9363194°N 34.805639°E / 31.9363194; 34.805639Coordinates: 31°56′10.75″N 34°48′20.3″E / 31.9363194°N 34.805639°E / 31.9363194; 34.805639{{#coordinates:31|56|10.75|N|34|48|20.3|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 131/149
Population 1,040 (1945)
Area 5,503 (3,545 Arab-owned, 1,611 Jewish-owned, 347 public lands)[1] dunams
5.5 km²
Date of depopulation April 20 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting

Sarafand al-Kharab Arabic: صرفند الخراب‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict, located Script error: No such module "convert". above sea level, Script error: No such module "convert". west of Ramla, in the area that is today northeast of Ness Ziona.[3]

History

An Arabic inscription on a slab of marble, held in the private collection of Baron d'Ustinow, was found in Sarafand al-Kharab. Dating to the Fatimid period (1048-1048) and thought to have been brought to the village from Ashkelon, it states: "The slave of amir al-mu'minin may Allah bless him and his pure ancestors, and his noble descendants. And he was then in charge of ... in the border stronghold of Ashqelon in the month of (?) of Rabi' II of the year 440."[4]

Sarafand al-Kharab was one of a number of villages in the Lydda-Ramle district of Mandatory Palestine whose equine population was struck by an epidemic of African horse sickness in 1944, resulting in "stand-still" orders preventing the movement of horses outside of town between September and November 1944 and the deaths of 730 horses in the district.[5]

References

  1. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p. 117.
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #234. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ "Sarafand al-Kharab". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  4. ^ Sharon, 1997, pp. 151-152.
  5. ^ El-Eini, 2006, p. 399.

Bibliography

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External links