Open Access Articles- Top Results for Sawm


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Although fasting is considered a pious act in Islam, there are times when fasting is prohibited:

  • Eid al-Adha and three days following it because Muhammad said "You are not to fast these days. They are days of eating and drinking and remembering God", reported by Abu Hurairah.
  • Eid al-Fitr
  • For the Shi'a, the Day of Ashura, 10th of Muharram in the Hijri calendar.
  • It is also forbidden to single out Fridays and only fast every Friday, as 'Abdullah b. 'Amr b. al-'As said that he heard Muhammad say "Verily, Friday is a eid (holiday) for you, so do not fast on it unless you fast the day before or after it."
  • Fasting every day of the year is also forbidden; Muhammad said "There is no reward for fasting for the one who perpetually fasts."[27]

Fasting while in polar region

The opinion adopted by Al-Azhar and most Muftis is to follow in fasting and praying the nearest Islamic region (or country) or follow Mecca or Medina. This fatwa is based on the authentic hadith in Sahih Muslim about Dajjal : No. 7015 also here 7015:

We said: 'God's Messenger, would one day's prayer suffice for the prayers of day equal to one year? Thereupon he said: No, but you must make an estimate of time (and then observe prayer).'[28]

another translation No.7373 (vol.7 p.334):

We said: 'O Messenger of God, on that day which is like a year, will the salat (prayers) of one day be sufficient for us?' He said: 'No. Calculate the time (for prayer).'

Another opinion: as the Quran states that "(During Ramadan) eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread."[Quran 2:187] This results that fasting is a duty for Muslims only when days and nights are producing otherwise fasting is not necessary.[29] So the Muslims of Svalbard have to fast only when days and nights are prominent by the sun. If Ramadan comes in June/December (when days and nights are not prominent by the sun in Svalbard, Norway) they may leave fasting and then complete their fasting in March/September (when days and nights are prominent by the sun in Svalbard, Norway). In Islamic law it is called Qadha. God says in the Quran: "God intends every facility for you; He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful."[Quran 2:185]

Fasting in other religions

Main article: Fasting

Lent in Culture Christianity, Yom Kippur, Tisha B'av, Fast of Esther, Tzom Gedalia, the Seventeenth of Tamuz, and the Tenth of Tevet, all in Judaism, are also times of fasting.[30] Nevertheless, the fasting practices are different from one another. Eastern Orthodox Christians fast during specified fasting seasons of the year, which include not only the better-known Great Lent, but also fasts on every Wednesday and Friday (except on special holidays), together with extended fasting periods before Christmas (the Nativity Fast), after Easter (the Apostles Fast) and in early August (the Dormition Fast). Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) generally fast for 24 hours on the first Sunday of each month. Like Muslims, they refrain from all drinking and eating unless they are children or are physically unable to fast. Fasting is also a feature of ascetic traditions in religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism. Mahayana traditions that follow the Brahma's Net Sutra may recommend that the laity fast "during the six days of fasting each month and the three months of fasting each year" [Brahma's Net Sutra, minor precept 30]. Members of the Baha'i Faith observe a Nineteen Day Fast from sunrise to sunset during March each year.


  1. ^ Fasting (Sawm),
  2. ^ Quran 2:183
  3. ^ Quran 2:184
  4. ^ Quran 2:185
  5. ^ Quran 2:187
  6. ^ Quran 2:188
  7. ^ Quran 19:26
  8. ^ Sawm: Fasting the Month of Ramadan. IslamTomorrow. Accessed: January 2015.
  9. ^ "Quran 2:184". 
  10. ^ Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid. Question #50330. Islam Q&A. Accessed: January 2015
  11. ^ Fidya and Kaffara. Islamic Relief USA. Accessed: January 2015
  12. ^
  13. ^ Sawm: Fasting the Month of Ramadan. IslamTomorrow. Accessed: January 2015
  14. ^ [1]. IslamiCity. Accessed: January 2015
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ Schmahl FW, Metzler B, "The health risks of occupational stress in Islamic industrial workers during the Ramadan fasting period", Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine 1991 4:3 219-28
  19. ^
  20. ^ Ahmed S. BaHammam, "Effect of fasting during Ramadan on sleep architecture, daytime sleepiness and sleep pattern", Sleep and Biological Rhythms, Volume 2, Issue 2, pages 135–143, June 2004
  21. ^ Kadri N, Tilane A, El Batal M, Taltit Y, Tahiri SM, Moussaoui D, "Irritability During the Month of Ramadan", Psychosomatic Medicine 2000 Mar-Apr 62:2 280-5
  22. ^ Yasmine Saleh - Ramadan saw rise in violent domestic crimes - Daily News Egypt, November 2, 2006
  23. ^ Bati Kartini & Samuel L - 4 Gold Shop Robbers Killed, 2 Caught During Police Raids Across the City - The Jakarta Globe, August 28, 2009
  24. ^ David - Ramadan Crime - Indonesia Matters, October 20, 2006
  25. ^ The effect of the fast of Ramadan on accident and emergency attendances (J R Soc Med. 1994 September; 87(9): 517–518.)
  26. ^ Bener, A., Absood, G. H., Achan, N. V., & Sankaran-Kutty, M. (1992). Road traffic injuries in Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates. The Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 112, 273-276.
  27. ^ [2]. SahihMuslim. Accessed: January 2015
  28. ^ Collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj Nishapuri Sahih Muslim Sahih Muslim, 41:7015
  29. ^ (Maarif ul Qur'an page#450)
  30. ^

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