Logo of the Scottish Government
|Headquarters||St Andrew's House, Edinburgh, Scotland|
|Annual budget||£28.6 billion (2013/14)|
Nicola Sturgeon MSP|
|Government executive||Sir Peter Housden KCB, Permanent Secretary|
|Sir Peter Housden|
|Finance||Alyson Stafford CBE </tr>||Learning and Justice||Leslie Evans </tr>||Enterprise, Environment and Innovation||Graeme Dickson </tr>||
Health and Social Care,
Chief Executive of NHS Scotland
|Paul Gray</tr>||Communities||Sarah Davidson</tr>||Strategy and External Affairs||Ken Thompson </tr>|
|Scientific||Professor Muffy Calder </tr>||Economic||Gary Gillespie </tr>|
|Christina Allon </tr>||Sandy Begbie </tr>||Heather Logan </tr>||Alex Smith </tr>|
In 2007, the Scottish Government set for itself an overall purpose:
- "To focus Government and public services on creating a more successful country, with opportunities for all of Scotland to flourish, through increasing sustainable economic growth."
Each Director General leads the task on delivering one of the Government's strategic objectives, resulting from this purpose:
- Wealthier and Fairer : "Enable businesses and people to increase their wealth and more people to share fairly in that wealth."
- Healthier : "Help people to sustain and improve their health, especially in disadvantaged communities, ensuring better, local and faster access to health care."
- Safer and Stronger : "Help local communities to flourish, becoming stronger, safer place to live, offering improved opportunities and a better quality of life."
- Smarter : "Expand opportunities for Scots to succeed from nurture through to life long learning ensuring higher and more widely shared achievements."
- Greener : "Improve Scotland's natural and built environment and the sustainable use and enjoyment of it."
To deliver its work, there are 8 Executive Agencies established by Ministers as part of government departments, or as departments in their own right, to carry out a discrete area of work. These include, for example, the Scottish Prison Service and Transport Scotland. Executive agencies are staffed by civil servants.
There are two non-Ministerial departments that form part of the Scottish Administration, and therefore the devolved administration, but answer directly to the Scottish Parliament rather than to Ministers: these are the General Register Office for Scotland and the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.
The Scottish Government is also responsible for a large number of non-departmental public bodies. These include executive NDPBs (e.g. Scottish Enterprise); advisory NDPBs (e.g. the Scottish Law Commission); tribunals (e.g. the Children's Panel and Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland); and nationalised industries (e.g. Scottish Water). These are staffed by public servants, rather than civil servants.
The Scottish Government is also responsible for some other public bodies that are not classed as non-departmental public bodies, such as NHS Boards, Visiting Committees for Scottish Penal Establishments or HM Chief Inspector of Constabulary for Scotland.
Change of name
The original Scotland Act 1998 gave the name 'Scottish Executive' (or Administration) as the legal term for the devolved government. In January 2001, the then First Minister Henry McLeish suggested changing the official name from "Scottish Executive" to "Scottish Government". The reaction from the UK Government and from some Labour Party members and Scottish Labour MPs was allegedly hostile. This reaction was in contrast to a 2001 public survey by then-Labour chief whip Tom McCabe, which showed that only 29% of the Scottish public wanted the title Scottish Executive to remain.
Scottish politicians, including the Labour First Minister, had often referred to the Executive as the "government" and this trend increased following the 2007 election, when the SNP took office and Labour were in opposition for the first time. On 2 September 2007, the SNP minority government announced that the Scottish Executive was to be re-branded as the "Scottish Government".
The renaming was decided unilaterally by the minority government; as a consequence, the SNP was criticised by the three Unionist opposition parties for acting without allowing for parliamentary scrutiny, debate or approval of their plan. However, the term "Scottish Government" has since then become common currency among all of the political parties in Scotland and the rest of the UK. The official Gaelic title, "Riaghaltas na h-Alba" has always meant "Government of Scotland".
"Scottish Executive" remained the legal name under section 44(1) of the Scotland Act 1998 until 2 July 2012. Neither the Scottish Administration nor the Scottish Parliament were able to change the legal name, as this required the UK Parliament to amend the Scotland Act. Section 12(1) of the Scotland Act 2012, which came into effect on 3 July 2012, formally changed the name of the Executive to the "Scottish Government".
At the same time that the Scottish Government began to use its new name, a new emblem was adopted. The earlier version featured the old name and a version of the Royal Arms for Scotland, but without the motto, the helm, the mantling, the crest, the war-cry above the crest, or the flags of Scotland and England carried by the supporters. In the rendering used, both supporters appeared to be crowned with the Crown of Scotland, whereas in the Royal Arms, the Scottish unicorn is usually shown crowned with the Scottish Crown, and the English lion with St Edward's Crown.
In the September 2007 rebranding, this depiction of the Royal Arms was replaced by one of the Flag of Scotland. However, the Royal Arms are still used by the Government for some official documents, such as directions issued in exercise of powers provided by legislation.
- Government of Scotland
- Joint Ministerial Committee
- Local income tax
- Category:Defunct departments of the Scottish Government
- Council of Economic Advisers (Scotland)
- Scottish Broadcasting Commission
- Scottish budget
- Scottish Social Attitudes Survey
- Scottish independence referendum, 2014
- United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union
- Government spending in the United Kingdom
- Revenue Scotland
- Public Sector employment in Scotland (Civil service)
- "Part II: The Scottish Administration". The National Archives. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Scottish Executive renames itself". BBC News (BBC.co.uk). 3 September 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "The First Minister of Scotland". The Scottish Government. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- "The Scottish Cabinet". The Scottish Government. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "The Scottish Government". gov.scot. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "How the Scottish Parliament Works". gov.scot. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "FM nominates his cabinet" (Press release). The Scottish Government. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Changes to Scottish Government" (Press release). The Scottish Government. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Keith Brown named new Scottish transport minister". BBC news (bbc.co.uk). 12 December 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Guide to Collective Decision Making". Scottish Government. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Lord Advocate excluded from new Cabinet". The Scotsman. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Current Cabinet Sub-Committees". The Scottish Government. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Dover House base for Scottish Secretary and Advocate General" (Press release). The Scottish Government. 8 March 1999. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Scotland in the EU". The Scottish Government. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Peterkin, Tom (5 June 2013). "Independent Scotland civil service '£700m a year'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions". The Scottish Government. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Permanent Secretary". The Scottish Government. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Directorates". The Scottish Government. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Strategic Board". The Scottish Government. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Britten, Nick (10 January 2001). "Fury at bid to rename Scottish Executive". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
Henry McLeish, the First Minister, threatened to set himself on a collision course with Tony Blair by wanting to rename the Executive the Scottish Government. The proposal caused an immediate split in Labour ranks and left McLeish facing allegations of arrogance and over-ambition. Scotland Office minister Brian Wilson said that the First Minister should think carefully about using the term "Government". He said: "Maybe they should take time to look at how other countries with two tiers of government handle this. Nobody in Germany has any difficulty distinguishing between the government and the devolved administrations."
- "Scottish Executive renames itself". BBC News (bbc.co.uk). 3 September 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Scottish Parliament. Official Report. 25 February 2010[dead link]
- "Annual Report and Accounts: 2009–10" (PDF). Accountant in Bankruptcy. 4 August 2010. p. 61. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Scottish Government website
- Office of the First Minister of Scotland website
- Directory of Scottish Government websites, Glasgow University Library
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