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Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
Incumbent
Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green

since Feb 20, 2015
Formation May 23, 1957
First holder Wilbur Bestwick
Website www.HQMC.Marines.mil

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps (officially abbreviated to SgtMajMC;[1] unofficially as SMMC[2][3]) is a unique non-commissioned rank and billet in the United States Marine Corps.

History

In the U.S. Marine Corps sergeant major is the ninth and highest enlisted rank, just above first sergeant, and equal in grade to master gunnery sergeant, although the two have different responsibilities. Sergeant major is both a rank and a military billet, and serves as the unit commander's senior enlisted advisor and to handle matters of discipline and morale among the enlisted Marines. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is chosen by the Commandant of the Marine Corps to serve as his advisor and is the preeminent and highest ranking enlisted Marine with a protocol equivalency of a lieutenant general.[4]

Although not officially considered a Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, when Archibald Sommers was appointed to the grade of Sergeant Major January 1, 1801, it was a solitary post, similar to the modern billet of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. In 1833, an act of legislation made the rank of sergeant major permanent for the Marine Corps and by 1899 five Marines held the rank of sergeant major. This continued until 1946, when the rank was abolished, only to be re-introduced in 1954 as part of the Marine Corps rank structure.[5]

The post of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was established in 1957 as the senior enlisted advisor to the Commandant of the Marine Corps,[5] the first such post in any of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces.[6] In 1970, the distinctive rank insignia of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was authorized and features the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor flanked by two stars, as opposed to the standard Sergeant Major rank insignia, which was used for the rank from the post's creation in 1957 to 1970, and has a single five point star in the center. While Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is the full wording of the rank, verbal address for this is commonly Sergeant Major.

The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps and typically serves a four-year term, though his service is at the discretion of the Commandant.[6] Since Wilbur Bestwick was appointed the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps in 1957, 17 different Marines have filled this post.[7]

On January 20, 2015, Commandant Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. announced that Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green would relieve Sergeant Major Micheal P. Barrett and serve as the 18th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps on February 20, 2015.[8]

Insignia

Sergeants Major of the Marine Corps

# Picture Name Tenure from Tenure to
1 75px Bestwick Wilbur Bestwick[9] May 23, 1957 September 1, 1959
2 75px Rauber Francis D. Rauber[10] September 1, 1959 June 29, 1962
3 75px McHugh Thomas J. McHugh[11] June 29, 1962 July 17, 1965
4 75px Sweet Herbert J. Sweet[12] July 17, 1965 August 1, 1969
5 75px Dailey Joseph W. Dailey[13] August 1, 1969 February 1, 1973
6 75px Puckett Clinton A. Puckett[14] February 1, 1973 June 1, 1975
7 75px Black Henry H. Black[15] June 1, 1975 April 1, 1977
8 75px Massaro John R. Massaro[16] April 1, 1977 August 16, 1979
9 75px Crawford Leland D. Crawford[17] August 16, 1979 June 28, 1983
10 75px Cleary Robert E. Cleary[18] June 28, 1983 June 27, 1987
11 75px Sommers David W. Sommers[19] June 27, 1987 June 28, 1991
12 75px Overstreet Harold G. Overstreet[20] June 28, 1991 June 30, 1995
13 75px Lee Lewis G. Lee[21] June 30, 1995 June 29, 1999
14 75px McMichael Alford L. McMichael[22] June 29, 1999 June 26, 2003
15 75px Estrada John L. Estrada[23] June 26, 2003 April 25, 2007
16 75px Kent Carlton W. Kent[24] April 25, 2007 June 9, 2011
17 75px Barrett Micheal P. Barrett[25] June 9, 2011 February 20, 2015
18 75px Green Ronald L. Green[26] February 20, 2015 Incumbent

Timeline

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DateFormat = yyyy Period = from:1950 till:2020 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1950

Define $now = 2015

Colors =

 id:smmc value:rgb(1,0,0) legend: SMMC
 id:time value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9)

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 at:1950
 at:1960
 at:1970
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 at:1990
 at:2000
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BarData =

barset:PM
bar:bestwick
bar:rauber
bar:mchugh
bar:sweet
bar:dailey
bar:puckett
bar:black
bar:massaro
bar:crawford
bar:cleary
bar:sommers
bar:overstreet
bar:lee
bar:mcmichael
bar:estrada
bar:kent
bar:barrett
bar:green

PlotData=

 width:6 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till
 barset:PM
bar:bestwick    from: 1957 till: 1959 color:smmc text:Bestwick
bar:rauber      from: 1959 till: 1962 color:smmc text:Rauber
bar:mchugh      from: 1962 till: 1965 color:smmc text:McHugh
bar:sweet       from: 1965 till: 1969 color:smmc text:Sweet
bar:dailey      from: 1969 till: 1973 color:smmc text:Dailey
bar:puckett     from: 1973 till: 1975 color:smmc text:Puckett
bar:black       from: 1975 till: 1977 color:smmc text:Black
bar:massaro     from: 1977 till: 1979 color:smmc text:Massaro
bar:crawford    from: 1979 till: 1983 color:smmc text:Crawford
bar:cleary      from: 1983 till: 1987 color:smmc text:Cleary
bar:sommers     from: 1987 till: 1991 color:smmc text:Sommers
bar:overstreet  from: 1991 till: 1995 color:smmc text:Overstreet
bar:lee         from: 1995 till: 1999 color:smmc text:Lee
bar:mcmichael   from: 1999 till: 2003 color:smmc text:McMichael
bar:estrada     from: 2003 till: 2007 color:smmc text:Estrada
bar:kent        from: 2007 till: 2011 color:smmc text:Kent
bar:barrett     from: 2011 till: 2015 color:smmc text:Barrett
bar:green     from: 2015 till: 2015 color:smmc text:Green

</timeline>

See also

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References

General
Specific
  1. "MCO P1070-12K (IRAM)" (PDF). United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  2. "ALMAR 016/09: 2009 Sergeants Major Symposium". United States Marine Corps. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  3. SMMC on TheFreeDictionary.com
  4. Order of Precedence – OPNAVINST 1710.7J (NOTES: 7)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Estrada, John L.. "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". 15smmc.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22. [dead link]
  7. "Previous SMMC". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  8. "NEXT SERGEANT MAJOR OF THE MARINE CORPS ANNOUNCED". January 20, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  9. "Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  10. "Sergeant Major Francis Drury Rauber, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  11. "Sergeant Major Thomas J. McHugh, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  12. "Sergeant Major Herbert J. Sweet, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  13. "Sergeant Major Joseph W. Dailey, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  14. "Sergeant Major Clinton A. Puckett, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  15. "Sergeant Major Henry H. Black, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  16. "Sergeant Major John R. Massaro, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  17. "Sergeant Major Leland D. Crawford, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  18. "Sergeant Major Robert E. Cleary, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  19. "Sergeant Major David W. Sommers, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  20. "Sergeant Major Harold G. Overstreet, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  21. "Sergeant Major Lewis G. Lee, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  22. "Sergeant Major Alford L. McMichael, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  23. "Sergeant Major John L. Estrada, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  24. "Sergeant Major Carlton W. Kent, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  25. "Sergeant Major Michael P. Barrett, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  26. "Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 

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