Service de police de la Ville de Montréal
|Service de police de la Ville de Montréal|
|Logo of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal.|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
The Montreal Police Service was created on March 15, 1843. At that time, there were 51 police officers in Montreal. The first officers did not wear uniforms. In order to be recognizable as police officers by civilians, the first uniforms were created in 1848. In 1853, they won the right to carry firearms in the performance of their duties.
In the early twentieth century, the Montreal Police Service counted 467 constables, inspectors and managers. The force was subdivided, as squads of morality and local departments were created.
The size of the police force remained roughly the same from the beginning of the century until 1930, when it hired more staff in the context of the Wall Street Crash of 1929. During the Great Depression, tens of thousands of workers lost their jobs and there was an increase in crime. In the late 1930s, the Montreal Police Service has about 1,500 employees.
Following the progress of scientific analysis, a mobile laboratory was created in 1957. It evolved and changed in the 1980s to become the technical section.
The force is led by Director of Police Marc Parent.
The rank structure and current strength of the force is:
Some of the police functions carried out by the service, include:
SPVM also has about 1,000 civilian employees, as well as about 200 police cadets.
The SPVM covers an area of about 496 square kilometres and 1,800,000 residents of the Greater Montreal area.
There are 33 police stations that operate within four geographical regions: East, West, North and South.
Other units of the SPVM, include:
Chiefs of Police
The following is a list of the Chiefs and Directors of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal.
The standard sidearm of the Montreal Police is the Walther P99 in QA (Quick Action) variant. Remington 870 shotguns and Heckler & Koch MP5、FN P90 sub-machine guns are also stocked in SPVM and its SWAT armory, but the long arms are rarely used.
On 3 November 2005, the United Nations Human Rights Committee advised the Canadian government to allow an enquiry on the SPVM about its mass arrests tactic during political demonstrations. The tactic is a rapid encirclement of as many protesters as possible regardless of how they may have conducted themselves during the demonstration, and is argued to be a violation of their fundamental rights. According to Francis Dupuis-Déri, a political science professor at Université du Québec à Montréal, police officers employ this tactic because of a "deviance" radical political demonstrators pose to media, politicians and police officers themselves. The SPVM was once again criticized in the aftermath of the August 10, 2008 riots, which started due to the shooting death of 18-year-old immigrant Fredy Alberto Villanueva by an officer who alleged that Villanueva was attacking him and his partner while they were arresting Villanueva's older brother. He argued that he was trying to save his partner and himself by firing his Walther P99 service gun on 18-year-old Fredy Villanueva.