There are four syndromes called shellfish poisoning, which share some common features and are primarily associated with bivalve molluscs (such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops). These shellfish are filter feeders and, therefore, accumulate toxins produced by microscopic algae, such as dinoflagellates and diatoms, and cyanobacteria.
The syndromes are:
- ^ Silver, Mary Wilcox (2006), "Protecting Ourselves from Shellfish Poisoning", American Scientist 94 (4): 316–325, doi:10.1511/2006.60.316
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