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Short ton

The short ton is a unit of mass equal to Script error: No such module "convert"., that is most commonly used in the United States where it is known simply as the ton.[1]

United States

In the United States, a short ton is usually known simply as a "ton",[1] without distinguishing it from the tonne (Script error: No such module "convert".), known there as the "metric ton" or the long ton (Script error: No such module "convert".), known there as the "Imperial ton". There are, however, some U.S. applications where unspecified tons normally means long tons (for example, Navy ships)[2] or metric tons (world grain production figures).

Both the long and short ton are defined as 20 hundredweights, but a hundredweight is Script error: No such module "convert". in the U.S. system (short or net hundredweight) and Script error: No such module "convert". in the imperial system (long or gross hundredweight).[1]

A short ton–force is Script error: No such module "convert"..

UK

In the UK, short tons are rarely used. The word "ton" is taken to refer to a long ton, and metric tons are distinguished by the "tonne" spelling. Most Commonwealth countries followed British practice with the exception of Canada, which used short tons as well as long tons. Canada now predominantly uses metric tons (tonnes).

See also

  • Long ton, Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • Ton
  • Tonne, also known as a metric ton (t), equal to Script error: No such module "convert". or 1 megagram.
  • Tonnage, volume measurement used in maritime shipping, originally based on Script error: No such module "convert"..

References

  1. ^ a b c "NIST Handbook 44 Specifications: Handbook 44 – 2013 Appendix C – General Tables of Units of Measurement" (PDF). April 26, 2006. p. C-6. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 20 hundredweights = 1 ton 
  2. ^ "Naval Architecture for All". United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved October 13, 2008.