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Shuangfeng dialect

Shuangfeng dialect
雙峰話
Native to China
Region Shuangfeng, Hunan province
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
hsn-luo
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Shuangfeng dialect (simplified Chinese: 双峰话; traditional Chinese: 雙峰話; pinyin: shuāngfēng huà) is a dialect of Xiang Chinese, spoken in Shuangfeng County, Hunan province.

Phonetics and Phonology

Consonants

Consonants of the Shuangfeng dialect
  bilabial alveolar alveolo-palatal retroflex velar
nasal [[bilabial nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.m]]
[[alveolar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.n]]
[[palatal nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɲ]]
  [[velar nasal#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ŋ]]
plosives voiced [[voiced bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.b]]
[[voiced alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.d]]
    [[voiced velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɡ]]
voiceless unaspirated [[voiceless bilabial stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.p]]
[[voiceless alveolar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.t]]
    [[voiceless velar stop#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.k]]
voiceless aspirated [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.pʰ]]
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʰ]]
    [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.kʰ]]
fricatives voiced         [[voiced velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɣ]]
voiceless   [[voiceless alveolar fricative#Voiceless alveolar sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.s]]
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ɕ]]
[[voiceless retroflex sibilant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ʂ]]
[[voiceless velar fricative#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.x]]
affricates voiced   [[Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dz]]
[[voiced alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʑ]]
[[voiced retroflex affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.dʐ]]
 
voiceless unaspirated   [[Voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ts]]
[[voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕ]]
[[voiceless retroflex affricate#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʂ]]
 
voiceless aspirated   [[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tsʰ]]
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tɕʰ]]
[[aspirated consonant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.tʂʰ]]
 
lateral approximants   [[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
     

Vowels

Tones

Phonemically, Shuangfeng dialect has three tones. However, phonetically the pitch of a syllable depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, so that these are counted as five:

Tone chart of the Shuangfeng dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˥ (55) high
2 yang ping (陽平) ˨˧ (23) low rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩ (21) low
4 yin qu (陰去) ˧˥ (35) high rising
5 yang qu (陽去) ˧ (33) mid

See also

References

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Wu, Yunji. (2005). A Synchronic and diachronic study of the grammar of the Chinese Xiang dialects. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-018366-8
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links


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