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Sigma Aquarii

<tr><th style="background-color: #FFFFC0; text-align: center;" colspan="2">Astrometry</th></tr></th></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align: center"></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Radial velocity (Rv)</td><td>+11[4] km/s</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Proper motion (μ)</td><td> RA: +0.30[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –26.87[1] mas/yr </td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Parallax (π)</td><td>11.26 ± 1.26[1]mas</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Distance</td><td>approx. 290 ly
(approx. 89 pc)</td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align: center"></th></tr> <tr><th style="background-color: #FFFFC0; text-align: center;" colspan="2">Details</th></tr></th></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align: center"></th></tr><tr style="vertical-align:baseline;"><td>Surface gravity (log g)</td><td>3.75[5] cgs</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:baseline;"><td>Temperature</td><td>10,125[5] K</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:baseline;"><td>Rotational velocity (v sin i)</td><td>22[5] km/s</td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align: center"></th></tr> <tr><th style="background-color: #FFFFC0; text-align: center;" colspan="2">Other designations</th></tr><tr><td colspan="2">
57 Aquarii, BD–11 5850, FK5 1591, HD 213320, HIP 111123, HR 8573, SAO 165134.[6]
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Sigma Aquarii <tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;">

Location of σ Aquarii (circled)
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Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Aquarius
Right ascension 22h 30m 38.81546s[1]
Declination –10° 40′ 40.6238″[1]
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This page is a soft redirect. Apparent magnitude (V)

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Characteristics
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This page is a soft redirect. Spectral type

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This page is a soft redirect. A0 IVs[3]

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This page is a soft redirect. U−B color index

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Data sources:
Hipparcos Catalogue,
CCDM (2002),
Bright Star Catalogue (5th rev. ed.) </div>

Sigma Aquarii (σ Aqr, σ Aquarii) is the Bayer designation for a double star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.81.[2] Based upon parallax measurements, the distance to this star is roughly Script error: No such module "convert"..[1]

Sigma Aquarii is an astrometric binary with an orbital period of 654 days.[citation needed] The primary component has a stellar classification of A0 IVs,[3] indicating that it is a subgiant star. This is categorized as an Am star, meaning that it is a chemically peculiar. The spectrum displays at least double the normal abundances of elements like magnesium, aluminum and silicon, while helium and scandium are under-abundant.

In Japanese, 貴子星 (Takako-boshi), meaning "Precious Girl Star," refers to the Japanese description of σ Aquarii.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Johnson, H. L. et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cowley, A. et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819. 
  4. Wilson, R. E. (1953), General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities, Carnegie Institute of Washington D.C., Bibcode:1953GCRV..C......0W. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Adelman, S. J.; Young, J. M.; Baldwin, H. E. (February 1984), "Optical region elemental abundance analyses of B and A stars. II - The hot AM stars Omicron Pegasi and Sigma Aquarii and the marginal peculiar A star Nu CANCRI", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 206: 649–660, Bibcode:1984MNRAS.206..649A, doi:10.1093/mnras/206.3.649. 
  6. "sig Aqr -- Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2012-07-04. 

External links