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Six Nations Championship

This article is about the rugby union event. For the ice hockey competition, see Six Nations Tournament (ice hockey).

Six Nations Championship
Current season or competition:
30px 2015 Six Nations Championship
[[File:Six Nations Championship.svg #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.200px]]
The official RBS 6 Nations logo
Sport Rugby union
Instituted 1883 (as Home Nations Championship)
1910 (as Five Nations Championship)
2000 (as Six Nations Championship)
Number of teams 6
Country 23x15px England
23x15px France
23x15px Ireland
23x15px Italy
23x15px Scotland
23x15px Wales
Holders 23x15px Ireland
Most titles 23x15px England (26 titles)
23x15px Wales (26 titles)
Website http://www.rbs6nations.com/

The Six Nations Championship[a] is an annual international rugby union competition involving six European sides: England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. It is sponsored by the Royal Bank of Scotland. The current champions are Ireland, having won the 2015 Tournament.

The Six Nations is the successor to the Five Nations Championship (1910–31 and 1947–99) which in turn succeeded the Home Nations Championship (1883–1909 and 1932–39). The Home Nations Championship, played between teams from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, was the first international rugby union tournament.[1] The winners of the Six Nations Championship are sometimes unofficially referred to in the media as the European Champions or Northern Hemisphere Champions. Ireland are the 2015 champions, having finished on equal table points with Wales and England but winning the trophy by virtue of achieving a higher match points difference.

England and Wales are the joint record holders for outright wins of the Home Nations, Five Nations and Six Nations tournaments, with 26 titles each, although Wales add to that record with 12 shared victories to England's 10. Since the Six Nations era started in 2000, only Italy and Scotland have failed to win the Six Nations title, although Scotland were the last outright winners of the Five Nations.

Format

File:Tournoi2.svg
The locations of the Six Nations participants

Played annually, the format of the Championship is simple: each team plays every other team once (making for a total of 15 matches), with home field advantage alternating from one year to the next. Two points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss. Unlike many other rugby union competitions the bonus point system is not used.

If a team wins all its games, they are said to have won a 'Grand Slam'. Victory by any Home Nation over the other three Home Nations is a 'Triple Crown'. Although this achievement has long been a feature of the tournament, it was not until 2006 that a physical Triple Crown trophy was awarded. At the end of the tournament the team that finishes at the bottom of the league table is said to have won the Wooden Spoon, although no actual trophy is given to the team. A team which has lost all five matches is said to have been whitewashed. Since the inaugural Six Nations tournament in 2000, only England and Ireland have avoided the Wooden Spoon award. Italy are the holders of the most Wooden Spoon awards in the Six Nations era with ten (although each of the other five nations has accumulated more than that through competing in previous eras).

Several individual competitions take place under the umbrella of the tournament. The oldest such regular competition is for the Calcutta Cup, contested annually between England and Scotland since 1879. It is named the Calcutta Cup as it is made from melted-down Indian Rupees donated by the Calcutta Club. Since 1988, the Millennium Trophy has been awarded to the winner of the game between England and Ireland, and since 1989 the Centenary Quaich has been awarded to the winner of the game between Ireland and Scotland. Since 2007, France and Italy have contested the Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy; it was created for the 200th anniversary of the birth of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian hero who helped unify Italy and volunteer in the French Republican Army against Prussia.

Prior to 1994, teams equal on points shared the championship. Since then, ties have been broken by considering the points difference of the teams. The rules of the championship further provide that if teams tie on both match points and points difference, the team which scored the most tries wins the championship. Were this decider be a tie, the tying teams would share the championship.[2] To date, however, match points and points difference have been sufficient to decide the championship.

Trophies

Championship Trophy

File:Ireland 2009 6 nations triple crown.jpg
The Original Six Nations Championship Trophy (1993-2014) and The Triple Crown Trophy

The winners of the Six Nations are presented with the Championship Trophy.[3] This was originally conceived by the Earl of Westmorland, and was first presented to the winners of the 1993 championship, France. It is a sterling silver trophy, designed by James Brent-Ward and made by a team of eight silversmiths from the London firm William Comyns.

It has 15 side panels representing the 15 members of the team and with three handles to represent the three officials (referee and two touch judges). The cup has a capacity of 3.75 litres – sufficient for five bottles of champagne. Within the mahogany base is a concealed drawer which contains six alternate finials, each a silver replica of one of the team emblems, which can be screwed on the detachable lid.

A new trophy was introduced for the 2015 Championship.[4] The new trophy was designed and crafted by Thomas Lyte silversmiths and replaces the 1993 edition, which is being retired as it represented the nations that took part in the Five Nations Championship.[5]

Triple Crown Trophy

The Triple Crown may only be won by England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, when one nation wins all three of their matches against the others, during the Six Nations Championship. The Triple Crown honour has long been a feature of the tournament, dating back to the original Home Nations Championship, but the physical Triple Crown Trophy has been awarded only since 2006. The current holder of the Triple Crown is England, who defeated Ireland, Scotland, and Wales in the 2014 championship. For the 2006 Six Nations, the Royal Bank of Scotland (the primary sponsor of the competition) commissioned Hamilton & Inches to design and create a dedicated Triple Crown Trophy. It has since been won three times by Ireland, twice by Wales and once by England.

Other trophies

Several other trophies are contested within the main competition, mostly as long-standing fixtures between pairs of teams.

Current venues

As of the current 2015 competition, Six Nations matches will be held in the following stadia:

Team Stadium Capacity
England Twickenham Stadium 82,000
France Stade de France 81,338
Wales Millennium Stadium 74,500
Italy Stadio Olimpico 72,698
Scotland Murrayfield Stadium 67,144
Ireland Aviva Stadium 51,700

The opening of Aviva Stadium in May 2010 ended the arrangement with the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) that allowed the all-Ireland governing body for rugby union, the Irish Rugby Football Union, to use the GAA's flagship stadium, Croke Park, for its international matches. This arrangement was made necessary by the 2007 closure and subsequent demolition of Ireland's traditional home of Lansdowne Road, with the Aviva being built on the former Lansdowne Road site. During the construction of the Aviva, Croke Park was the largest of the Six Nations grounds, with a capacity of 82,300.

In the late 2000s, the increasing popularity of rugby in Italy meant that Stadio Flaminio was becoming less viable as a home ground for the country's team. As the 2010s approached, it had been speculated that Italy's Six Nations home matches would in the future be held at football stadiums such as the Stadio Olimpico in Rome or in the North where rugby is most popular. Stadio Luigi Ferraris in Genoa (42,000 seats) or Stadio Ennio Tardini in Parma (almost 28,000 seats) were suggested as alternative grounds. Improvements for the Flaminio, intended to increase the capacity from 32,000 to 42,000, were announced, apparently increasing the likelihood that rugby would stay at Stadio Flamino, although still making it the smallest of the Six Nations grounds.[11] However, the city of Rome, owner of the Flaminio, delayed the promised renovations, causing the Italian Rugby Federation (FIR) to lose patience with the city. In April 2011, it was reported that the FIR would move its home matches to Stadio Artemio Franchi in Florence.[12] The city of Rome then began renovations of the Flaminio, which presumably prompted the FIR to announce in July of that year that it would instead keep its home matches in the city at Stadio Olimpico.[13] The FIR also announced it planned to return to the Flaminio once the project was complete.[14]

In November 2010, the French Rugby Federation (FFR) announced that it is planning to build a new stadium of its own within the Paris region.[15] The FFR has grown increasingly frustrated with several aspects of their using the Stade de France: not only the high rental expense, but also the irritation that it does not receive priority when scheduling matchesTemplate:Spaced ndashwith the possible exception of the Six Nations itself.[16]

In June 2012, FFR announced the site for its new groundTemplate:Spaced ndashtentatively known as Grand Stade FFRTemplate:Spaced ndashin the southern suburbs of Paris. It is located Script error: No such module "convert". from the centre of Paris.[17] The 82,000-seat stadium, featuring a retractable roof and slide-out pitch, will be built on a former horse racing track in Évry. The new stadium, estimated to cost €600 million, is currently scheduled to open in 2017.[16]

Anthems

Before the start of each game the national anthem of both teams is sung by their players and supporters. "God Save the Queen", the national anthem of the United Kingdom,[18] is used only by England. Wales and Scotland each sing their own national anthem. Ireland, whose rugby team represents two jurisdictions, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, have a specially commissioned anthem for rugby internationals.

Results

Overall

  30x27px
England
30x27px
France
30x27px
Ireland
30x27px
Italy
30x27px
Scotland
30x27px
Wales
Tournaments 119 86 121 16 121 121
Outright Wins (Shared Wins)
Home Nations 5 (4) NA 4 (4) NA 9 (2) 7 (4)
Five Nations 17 (6) 12 (8) 6 (5) NA 5 (6) 15 (8)
Six Nations 4 5 3 0 0 4
Overall 26 (10) 17 (8) 13 (9) 0 (0) 14 (8) 26 (12)
Grand Slams
Home Nations 0 NA 0 NA 0 2
Five Nations 11 6 1 NA 3 6
Six Nations 1 3 1 0 0 3
Overall 12 9 2 0 3 11
Triple Crowns
Home Nations 5 NA 2 NA 7 6
Five Nations 16 NA 4 NA 3 11
Six Nations 3 NA 4 NA 0 3
Overall 24 NA 10 NA 10 20
Wooden Spoons
Home Nations 11 NA 15 NA 8 8
Five Nations 14 17 21 NA 21 12
Six Nations 0 1 0 10 4 1
Overall 25 18 36 10 33 21

Including 2015 Championship

Home Nations 1883–1909

Home Nations 1883 – 1909
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1883 23x15px England Not Competed 23x15px England 23x15px England
1884 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1885 Not Completed Not Completed
1886 23x15px England and 23x15px Scotland
1887 23x15px Scotland
1888 23x15px Ireland, 23x15px Scotland and 23x15px Wales England didn't participate
1889 23x15px Scotland England didn't participate
1890 23x15px England and 23x15px Scotland 23x15px England
1891 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1892 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1893 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1894 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1895 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1896 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1897 Not Completed Not Completed 23x15px England
1898 Not Completed Not Completed
1899 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1900 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales
1901 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1902 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1903 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1904 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1905 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1906 23x15px Ireland and 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1907 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1908 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1909 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland

Five Nations 1910–1931

Five Nations 1910 – 1931
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1910 23x15px England 23x15px England
1911 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1912 23x15px Ireland and 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1913 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1914 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1915–19 Not held due to World War I
1920 23x15px Scotland, 23x15px Wales and 23x15px England 23x15px England
1921 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1922 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1923 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1924 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1925 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1926 23x15px Ireland and 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1927 23x15px Ireland and 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1928 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1929 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1930 23x15px England
1931 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland


Home Nations 1932–1939

Home Nations 1932 – 1939
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup
1932 23x15px England, 23x15px Ireland and 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1933 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1934 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1935 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1936 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1937 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1938 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1939 23x15px England, 23x15px Ireland, 23x15px Wales 23x15px England


Five Nations 1940–1999

Five Nations 1940 – 1999
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup Millennium Trophy Centenary Quaich
1940–46 Not held due to World War II
1947 23x15px England and 23x15px Wales 23x15px England Not Competed
1948 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1949 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England
1950 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1951 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England
1952 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1953 23x15px England 23x15px England
1954 23x15px England, 23x15px France and 23x15px Wales 23x15px England 23x15px England
1955 23x15px France and 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1956 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1957 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1958 23x15px England
1959 23x15px France
1960 23x15px England and 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px England
1961 23x15px France 23x15px England
1962 23x15px France
1963 23x15px England 23x15px England
1964 23x15px Scotland and 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1965 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales
1966 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1967 23x15px France 23x15px England
1968 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England
1969 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1970 23x15px France and 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1971 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1972 Not Completed 23x15px Scotland
1973 23x15px England, 23x15px France, 23x15px Ireland,
23x15px Scotland, 23x15px Wales
23x15px England
1974 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1975 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1976 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland
1977 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1978 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1979 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales
1980 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England
1981 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England
1982 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland
1983 23x15px France and 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1984 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1985 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England
1986 23x15px France and 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland
1987 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England
1988 23x15px France and 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England
1989 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1990 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1991 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1992 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1993 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
1994 23x15px Wales 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland
1995 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1996 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1997 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1998 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland
1999 23x15px Scotland 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland

Six Nations 2000–present

Six Nations 2000–Present
Year Champions Grand Slam Triple Crown Calcutta Cup Millennium
Trophy
Centenary
Quaich
Giuseppe
Garibaldi
Trophy
Wooden Spoon
2000 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland Not Competed 23x15px Italy
2001 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
2002 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland
2003 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Wales
2004 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland
2005 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Italy
2006 23x15px France 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland
2007 23x15px France 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Scotland
2008 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Italy
2009 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France
2010 23x15px France 23x15px France 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Scotland 23x15px France
2011 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Italy
2012 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px Wales 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Scotland
2013 23x15px Wales 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Italy 23x15px France
2014 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Italy
2015 23x15px Ireland 23x15px England 23x15px Ireland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Scotland

Six Nations All-Time Table (2000–2015)

Pld W D L PF PA PD T Pts Champs GS TC WS
23x15px England 80 55 1 24 2218 1257 + 961 232 111 4 1 3 0
23x15px Ireland 80 53 2 25 1952 1449 + 503 196 108 3 1 4 0
23x15px France 80 52 2 26 2002 1425 + 577 193 106 5 3 N/A 1
23x15px Wales 80 44 2 34 1834 1723 + 111 166 90 4 3 3 1
23x15px Scotland 80 19 2 59 1256 2000 −744 91 40 0 0 0 4
23x15px Italy 80 12 1 67 1160 2568 − 1408 97 25 0 0 N/A 10

Longest wait without a championship win

Team Tournaments Years Seasons
23x15px France 24 43 1910–53
23x15px Ireland 24 24 1985–2009
23x15px Scotland 19 26 1938–64
23x15px England 16 18 1892–1910
23x15px Italy 16 16 2000–ongoing
23x15px Wales 11 11 1994–2005

Grand Slam Wins

Nation Grand Slams Last Grand Slam
23x15px England 12 2003
23x15px Wales 11 2012
23x15px France 9 2010
23x15px Scotland 3 1990
23x15px Ireland 2 2009
23x15px Italy 0 Never achieved

Triple Crowns

Nation Triple Crowns Last Triple Crown
23x15px England 24 2014
23x15px Wales 20 2012
23x15px Ireland 10 2009
23x15px Scotland 10 1990

Wooden Spoon winners (given for last place)

Team Wooden Spoons Years Awarded
23x15px Italy 10 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2014
23x15px Scotland 4 2004, 2007, 2012, 2015
23x15px Wales 1 2003
23x15px France 1 2013
23x15px England 0
23x15px Ireland 0

Bold indicates that the team did not win any matches.

Player of the tournament winners

Year Winner
2004 23x15px Gordon D'Arcy
2005 23x15px Martyn Williams
2006 23x15px Brian O'Driscoll
2007 23x15px Brian O'Driscoll
2008 23x15px Shane Williams
2009 23x15px Brian O'Driscoll
2010 23x15px Tommy Bowe
2011 23x15px Andrea Masi
2012 23x15px Dan Lydiate
2013 23x15px Leigh Halfpenny
2014 23x15px Mike Brown
2015 23x15px Paul O'Connell

Five Nations XV

Template:Infobox rugby team

In 1986 a team was put together made up of representatives of the Five Nations to play a one-off match against an Overseas Unions rugby union team to commemorate the centenary of the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB), which would shortly afterwards become the IRB or International Rugby Board. The match was played on Saturday, 19 April 1986,[19] and the Five Nations lost 32–13.[20]

Coaching team

The Overseas Union team was co-coached by New Zealand's Brian Lochore and Australia's Robert Ian Templeton.

The match

Unlike the first celebratory match three days earlier in a wet Cardiff Arms Park, this game was played in ideal conditions at Twickenham.[21] At the time, there were only eight Unions affiliated to the Board, thus only players from those unions were chosen.

Note that at the time, tries were worth four points. The five-point try was not instituted until 1992.

19 April 1986
Five Nations XV 13–32 Overseas Unions
Try: Ringland (2)




Con: Blanco
Penalty Goal: Kiernan
Try: Gerber (2)
Kirwan
du Plessis
Rodriguez
Shaw
Con: Botha
Penalty Goal: Botha (2)
Twickenham Stadium, London
Referee: D I H Burnett (Ireland)

Five Nations: Blanco (23x15px France); Ringland (23x15px Ireland), Sella (23x15px France), M. Kiernan (23x15px Ireland), R. Underwood (23x15px England); M. Dacey (23x15px Wales), R. J. Hill (23x15px England); Whitefoot (23x15px Wales), S. Brain (23x15px England), I. Milne (23x15px Scotland), Condom (23x15px France), Lenihan (23x15px Ireland) (captain), J. Jeffrey (23x15px Scotland), Paxton (23x15px Scotland), L. Rodriguez (23x15px France)

Overseas Unions: R. Gould (23x15px Australia); Kirwan (23x15px New Zealand), D. Gerber (23x15px South Africa), W. Taylor (23x15px New Zealand), C. du Plessis (23x15px South Africa); N. Botha (23x15px South Africa), Loveridge (23x15px New Zealand); E. Rodríguez (23x15px Australia), A. Dalton (23x15px New Zealand) (captain), G. Knight (23x15px New Zealand) (F. van der Merwe (23x15px South Africa) had been named in starting line-up in programme), S. Cutler (23x15px Australia), Haden (23x15px New Zealand), Poidevin (23x15px Australia), Tuynman (23x15px Australia), M. Shaw (23x15px New Zealand)

Records

[citation needed]

England's Jonny Wilkinson currently holds the records for individual points in one match (35 points against Italy in 2001) and one season with 89 (scored in 2001). Ronan O'Gara of Ireland holds the career scoring record with 557 points to Wilkinson's 546, having surpassed Wilkinson in Round 3 of the 2011 championship.

The record for tries in a match is held by Scotsman George Lindsay who scored five tries against Wales in 1887.[22] England's Cyril Lowe and Scotland's Ian Smith jointly hold the record for tries in one season with 8 (Lowe in 1914, Smith in 1925). Ireland's Brian O'Driscoll has the Championship record for tries with 26.

The record for appearances is held by O'Gara, with 63 Six Nations appearances from the start of the Six Nations era in 2000 to his retirement in 2013. He surpassed countryman Mike Gibson in the first round of the 2012 tournament against Wales. Gibson played in 56 Five Nations matches (Italy had not become part of the Championship yet) between 1964 and 1979.[22]

The most points scored by a team in one match was England when they scored 80 points against Italy in 2001. England also scored the most ever points in a season in 2001 with 229, and most tries in a season with 29.[22] Wales hold the record for fewest tries conceded during a season in the Six Nations era, conceding only 2 in 5 games in 2008, but the 1977 Grand Slam-winning France team did not concede a try in their four matches. Wales hold the record for the longest time without conceding a try at 358 minutes in the 2013 tournament.

Six Nations points scoring statistics 2000–2015

The following table summarises the total number of points, and the number of tries, scored by each team in the Six Nations

Year 23x15px England 23x15px Wales 23x15px Scotland 23x15px Ireland 23x15px France 23x15px Italy Total
points tries points tries points tries points tries points tries points tries points tries
2000 183 20 111 8 95 9 168 17 140 12 106 9 803 75
2001 229 29 125 10 92 8 129 11 115 9 106 8 796 75
2002 184 23 119 11 91 6 145 16 156 15 70 4 765 75
2003 173 18 82 10 81 7 119 10 153 17 100 12 708 74
2004 150 17 125 14 53 4 128 17 144 14 42 2 642 68
2005 121 16 151 17 84 8 126 12 134 13 55 5 671 71
2006 120 12 80 9 78 5 131 12 148 18 72 5 629 61
2007 119 10 86 7 95 7 149 17 155 15 94 9 698 65
2008 108 8 148 13 69 3 93 9 103 11 74 6 595 50
2009 124 16 100 8 79 4 121 12 124 14 49 2 597 56
2010 88 6 113 10 83 3 106 11 135 13 69 5 594 48
2011 132 13 95 6 82 6 93 10 117 10 70 6 589 51
2012 98 7 109 10 56 4 121 13 101 8 53 4 538 46
2013 94 5 122 9 98 7 72 5 73 6 75 5 534 37
2014 138 14 122 11 47 4 132 16 101 9 63 7 603 61
2015 157 18 146 13 73 6 119 8 103 9 62 8 660 62
TOTAL 2218 232 1834 166 1256 91 1952 196 2002 193 1160 97 10422 975

Expansion

Any expansion of the Six Nations Championship is currently considered improbable, due to scheduling difficulties. Argentina had requested their joining the Six Nations, by basing the team in Spain. The Tri Nations accepted their application to join in 2012, and the competition renamed The Rugby Championship.[23]

Argentina officially joined The Rugby Championship in a meeting in Buenos Aires on 23 November 2011.[24]

Administration, television contracts and sponsorship

The Championship is run from headquarters in Dublin which also takes responsibility for the British and Irish Lions tours. CEO of the Championship is John Feehan, a former Leinster player. Television contracts, sponsorship, match venues and other logistical problems are addressed.

In 2011 it was announced that the BBC's coverage of the tournament on TV, radio and online, would be extended to 2017.[25]

In Ireland, RTÉ have broadcast the championship since RTÉ's inception and will continue to do so until 2017 while TG4 televises highlights. France Télévisions cover the competition in France which will last until 2017. In Italy, from 2014 to 2017 DMAX of Discovery Communications will broadcast all matches. In the United States, beIN Sports broadcasts matches in English and TV5 Monde airs matches in French.[26] In Wales, S4C broadcasts matches featuring the Welsh team in the Welsh language.

The competition is sponsored by the Royal Bank of Scotland.

See also

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Notes

a. ^ Name of the Six Nations Championship in the languages of participating countries:

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Sources

References

  1. ^ Godwin (1984), pg 1. The first ever Home Nations International Championship was played in 1883. No other Northern Hemisphere team played a recognised international match until France faced New Zealand in 1906
  2. ^ "Rules of the RBS 6 Nations Championship". RBS 6 Nations. Retrieved 24 February 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Six Nations Championship Trophy Trust". RBS 6 Nations. Retrieved 5 February 2007. [dead link]
  4. ^ "New Six Nations trophy unveiled". ESPN. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Will Ireland be getting their hands on this? New trophy for the RBS Six Nations unveiled". Irish Independent. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Calcutta Cup: the legacy of a club that died" (PDF). Scottish Rugby. Retrieved 29 September 2007. [dead link]
  7. ^ Massie, Alan (19 February 2000). "Lamenting the sad decline of the fighting Irish". The Scotsman. p. 31. 
  8. ^ Ferrie, Kevin (22 March 1999). "Scotland now have quality in quantity". The Herald. p. 1. 
  9. ^ Walsh, David (13 February 2005). "Scots torn apart by Irish mean machine". The Sunday Times. p. Sport 2. 
  10. ^ "About Us". RFU. Retrieved 29 September 2007. [dead link]
  11. ^ Mediaclan 2008. "Flaminio Stadio Rugby Tickets & Stadio Flaminio Stadium guide, Rome Italy". Ticketbooth.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "Italy to move Six Nations games from Rome to Florence". BBC Sport. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "RBS 6 Nazioni, allo Stadio Olimpico l'Edizione 2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Italian Rugby Federation. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  14. ^ Sportsbeat (14 July 2011). "Italy switch stadium to Stadio Olimpico". RBS 6 Nations. Retrieved 6 September 2011. [dead link]
  15. ^ "French national rugby team plan to quit Stade de France". BBC Sport. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Moriarty, Ian (5 July 2012). "Money talks". ESPN Scrum. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "Projet Stade" (in French). French Rugby Federation. Retrieved 6 July 2012. [dead link]
  18. ^ God Save the King Wikipedia
  19. ^ Starmer-Smith, p184, image of programme
  20. ^ Starmer-Smith, p186
  21. ^ "IRB Centenary matches, Irish try-scorers against New Zealand and snow-blighted seasons". espnscrum.com. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c "Six Nations records". Rugby Heaven. 1 February 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2007. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Tri-Nations becomes The Rugby Championship". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  24. ^ Deges, Frankie. "Argentina is now part of Rugby Championship". Buenos Aires Herald. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  25. ^ "BBC extends Six Nations contract until 2017". BBC. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  26. ^ "Worldwide Broadcast Schedule, RBS Six Nations". Retrieved 23 January 2014. 

External links