The Sarajevo Tunnel operated during the Siege of Sarajevo as a passage underneath the no-man's land of the city's (closed) airport, providing a vital smuggling link for the beleaguered city residents. Guns were smuggled into the city and people were smuggled out. After the war, the Sarajevo Tunnel Museum was built onto the historic private house whose cellar served as the entrance to Sarajevo Tunnel
The Gaza Strip smuggling tunnels connect Egypt and the Gaza Strip, bypassing the Egypt-Gaza Strip barrier built by Israel along the international border established by the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. The tunnels pass under the Philadelphi corridor an area specified in the Oslo accords as being under Israeli military control, in order to secure the border with Egypt.
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In early 2005, a group of Canadian drug-smugglers took up the idea, and constructed a tunnel between a greenhouse in Langley, British Columbia, and the basement of a house in Lynden, Washington, which lay across the ditch marking the United States-Canada border (the house on the Langley side was on 0 Avenue ("Zero Avenue"), which runs parallel to the border and is the baseline of Langley's avenue-numbering system). They bought the two properties and began construction work. Authorities were alerted when a neighbor noticed the large-scale construction work being undertaken in the greenhouse. On inspection, it was apparent that tons of construction material were entering, and piles of earth were coming out.
It became known within a short time by both American and Canadian border authorities that a tunnel was being built. Video and audio devices were installed secretly by customs officials both at the termini and in the tunnel itself.
On July 14, the tunnel having been completed, the first packs of marijuana began going through. Officials raided the home soon after and arrested the three men. They then appeared before court in Seattle.
150 tunnels have been found since 1990, most of them incomplete.
On January 25, 2006, a tunnel was found on the US-Mexico border by a joint US Drug Enforcement Administration, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and US Border Patrol task force. The Script error: No such module "convert". long tunnel runs from a warehouse near the Tijuana airport to a warehouse in San Diego. When discovered, it was devoid of people, but it did contain Script error: No such module "convert". of marijuana. It was Script error: No such module "convert". high and up to Script error: No such module "convert". deep. The floor was made of cement and the walls were exposed clay, with lights lining one side, a ventilation system to keep fresh air circulating, and a water drainage system to remove infiltrating ground water. Authorities said it was unclear how long the tunnel had been in operation.
On January 30, US Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agents arrested a Mexican citizen, who was linked to the tunnel via the US warehouse, operated by V&F Distributors LLC. On the Friday before, January 27, immigration authorities reportedly received information that the Mexican cartel behind the operation was threatening the lives of any agents involved with the construction or occupation of the tunnel. US Customs and Immigration, however, pledged to protect them as best they could. Authorities believe Tijuana's Arellano-Felix drug syndicate, or some other well-known drug cartel, was behind the building and operation of the tunnel.
On November 26, 2010, a Script error: No such module "convert". tunnel was discovered linking Tijuana to Otay Mesa, California. In the same month another tunnel was discovered between these two cities. Both tunnels were discovered by a San Diego task force and are believed to be the work of Mexico's Sinaloa cartel. Over Script error: No such module "convert". of cannabis was found and confiscated between the two.
An analysis of US-Mexico smuggling tunnels, the US-Canada smuggling tunnel, and the smuggling tunnels in the Rafah, Gaza Strip was completed by Lichtenwald and Perri as part of a transnational analysis of smuggling tunnels. Lichtenwald and Perri outlined sources and methods for evaluating which tunnels are used by different populations in various parts of the world to smuggling contraband that does not threaten a nation’s security, as opposed to tunnels that smuggle contraband that do threaten a nation’s security. Hybrid tunnels, tunnels that smuggle contraband that threaten a nation’s security as well as those that do not, are detailed.
In December 2012, a tunnel 3 feet in diameter and 100 yards long, with electricity and ventilation, was found near the Nogales, Arizona, port of entry. Since 1990, there have been almost 170 tunnels found leading into Mexico, mostly in Arizona and California. On February 14, 2014 another underground drug tunnel was discovered in Nogales. The tunnel spanned Script error: No such module "convert"., or longer than 1-1/2 American football fields. The tunnel was being used to smuggle marijuana and other drugs into the US. Another Script error: No such module "convert". of marijuana was seized after federal agents stopped a vehicle they saw driving away from the residence. Some Script error: No such module "convert". of marijuana and Script error: No such module "convert". of heroin were found inside the tunnel. Three people have been arrested in connection with the bust.
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Many villages on the southern coast of England have a local legend of a smugglers' tunnel; the entrances to most of the actual smugglers' tunnels have been lost or bricked up.
Some tunnel stories turn out to be very plausible, such as the tunnel at Hayle in Cornwall which really does seem to have been built specifically for smuggling. In other instances the tunnel either doubles as a storm drain or some other functional channel, or else is an extension of a natural fissure in the rock, as at Methleigh and Porthcothan.
A 700-meters smuggling tunnel with a narrow gauge railway was revealed in July 2012 between Uzhgorod (Ukraine) and Vyšné Nemecké (Slovakia), at the border of Schengen Area. The tunnel used professional mining and security technologies. It was used primarily for smuggling of cigarettes.
- Salem Secret Underground:The History of the Tunnels in the City. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- "salemtunneltour.com". salemtunneltour.com. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- Ken MacQueen (2 November 2005). "B.C.'s tunnel busters". Macleans.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-12-06.
- "4 sophisticated drug tunnels found on border". KCRA (Tijuana, Mexico). Associated Press. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Drug haul in secret border tunnel". BBC News. 27 January 2006.
- "Second Mexico-US drug tunnel found in Tijuana". BBC News. 26 November 2010.
- "Mexico's army finds drug tunnel to Arizona". GlobalPost. 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- Lichtenwald, Terrance G.; Perri, Frank S. "Smuggling Tunnels: The Need for a Transnational Analysis Inside Homeland Security Spring 2011" (PDF). 9, Issue 1.
- Lichtenwald, Terrance G.; Perri, Frank S. (2013). "Terrorist Use of Smuggling Tunnels" (PDF) 2. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology. pp. 210–226.
- "Mexican Authorities Find Smuggling Tunnel Equipped With Electricity Near Border". KILT (AM). Associated Press. 28 December 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Billeaud (14 January 2014). "How tunnels are built, used along U.S.-Mexico border". KPBS (Nogales, Arizona). Associated Press. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Largest-ever drug tunnel in Nogales found". azcentral.com. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Hiding places where smugglers concealed contraband". Smuggling.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- "Slovaks find railway smuggling tunnel to Ukraine". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
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