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Sodium selenite

Not to be confused with Selenite (mineral).
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Sodium selenite
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ATC code A12CE02
(hydrate: 26970-82-1) 10102-18-8 (hydrate: 26970-82-1) 7pxN
ChEBI CHEBI:48843 7pxY
ChEMBL ChEMBL112302 7pxY
ChemSpider 23308 7pxY
EC number 233-267-9
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem Template:Chembox PubChem/format
RTECS number VS7350000
UN number 2630
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Na2O3Se
Molar mass Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value). g·mol−1
Appearance colourless solid
Density 3.1 g/cm3
Melting point decomposes at 710 °C
85 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Solubility insoluble in alcohol, ethanol
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Crystal structure tetragonal
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SDS ICSC 0698
EU Index 034-003-00-3
EU classification Very toxic (T+)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
R-phrases R23, R28, R31, R43, R51/53
S-phrases (S1/2), S28, S36/37, S45, S61
NFPA 704

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Related compounds
Sodium sulfite
Sodium selenate
Sodium selenide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Sodium selenite is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2SeO3. This salt is a colourless solid. The pentahydrate Na2SeO3(H2O)5 is the most common water-soluble selenium compound.

Synthesis and fundamental reactions

Sodium selenite usually is prepared by the reaction of selenium dioxide with sodium hydroxide:[1]

SeO2 + 2 NaOH → Na2SeO3 + H2O

The hydrate converts to the anhydrous salt upon heating to 40 °C.

Akin to the related salt sodium sulfite, Na2SeO3 features a pyramidal dianion SeO32−.[2] Oxidation of this anion gives sodium selenate, Na2SeO4.

Applications

Together with the related barium and zinc selenites, sodium selenite is mainly used in the manufacture of colorless glass. The pink color imparted by these selenites cancels out the green color imparted by iron impurities.[3]

Because selenium is an essential element, sodium selenite is an ingredient in some food supplements.

The US Food and Drug Administration approved a selenium supplement to animal diets, however the most common form is sodium selenite for pet foods. According to one article, "not much was known about which selenium compounds to approve for use in animal feeds when the decisions were made back in the 1970s .. At the time the regulatory action was taken, only the inorganic selenium salts (sodium selenite and sodium selenate) were available at a cost permitting their use in animal feed.” [4]

Safety

Selenium is toxic in high concentrations. The chronic toxic dose for human beings is about 2.4 to 3 milligrams of selenium per day.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ F. Féher, "Sodium Selenite" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. p. 432.
  2. ^ Wickleder, Mathias S. (2002). "Sodium selenite, Na2SeO3". Acta Crystallographica Section E Structure Reports Online 58 (11): i103–i104. ISSN 1600-5368. doi:10.1107/S1600536802019384. 
  3. ^ Bernd E. Langner "Selenium and Selenium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (published on-line in 2000) Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2002 doi:10.1002/14356007.a23_525
  4. ^ Schrauzer, GN (2001). "Nutritional selenium supplements: product types, quality, and safety". Journal of the American College of Nutrition 20 (1): 1–4. PMID 11293463. doi:10.1080/07315724.2001.10719007. 
  5. ^ Wilber, C. G. (1980). "Toxicology of selenium". Clinical Toxicology (FREE FULL TEXT (SEE P. 211)) 17 (2): 171–230. PMID 6998645. doi:10.3109/15563658008985076. 

External links