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Spanish Royal Family

The Spanish Royal Family consists of the present king, the queen consort, their children and their parents. The Spanish royal family belongs to the House of Bourbon. The membership of the Royal Family is defined by royal decree and consists of: the King of Spain, the monarch's spouse, the monarch's parents, and the heir to the Spanish throne.[1]

The Spanish Royal Family should not be confused with the Family of the King, which refers to the extended family of the monarch.

Titles and styles

The titles and styles of the Royal Family are as follows:[2]

  • The occupant of the Throne is The King or The Queen, together with other titles pertaining to the Crown or belonging to members of the Royal Family. He or She is styled His or Her Majesty.
  • The King's wife bears the title of Queen with the style Her Majesty.
  • The husband of the Queen regnant bears the title of Prince and is styled His Royal Highness.
  • The King's heir apparent or heir presumptive bears the title Prince of Asturias with the style His or Her Royal Highness. The spouse of a Prince or Princess of Asturias holds the title Princess or Prince of Asturias with the style Her (or His) Royal Highness.
  • A King's sons and daughters, not being the Prince or Princess of the Asturias, as well as the children of the Prince or Princess, bear the title Infante or Infanta of Spain, and are styled as His or Her Royal Highness. The children of an Infante or Infanta have the rank (but not the title) of Grandees, and the style of His or Her Excellency.
  • Spouses and widows/widowers of the monarch's sons and daughters, other than those of the Prince or Princess of Asturias, are entitled to the form of address and honours the monarch may grant them.
  • The sovereign may also grant the dignity of Infante or Infanta with the style of Highness.
  • If the heirs of King Juan Carlos I were to be extinguished, the 1978 Constitution reserves the right for the Cortes Generales to designate the successor to the throne as may be suitable for Spain.

Members of the Royal Family

Members of the King's Family

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

File:Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg
Arms of the royal family of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

HRH Don Carlos María Alfonso Marcelo de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y Borbón-Parma, Infante of Spain, Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (born 1938), cousin of King Juan Carlos, received the title Infante of Spain by Royal Decree 2412 dated December 16, 1994.[3] Although it is often stated that this title was given in recognition of Don Carlos' status as head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, the decree does not stipulate a single criterion for the honour. The King refers rather to "Las circunstancias excepcionales que concurren (the exceptional circumstances that concur) in Don Carlos." The decree then cites Don Carlos' representation of the ties between his family and the Spanish Crown as one of those circumstances. Although Don Carlos claims to be the rightful heir to the defunct crown of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, his position is disputed. Don Carlos is also the senior heir of Doña Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, the eldest sister of King Alphonso XIII of Spain who was heiress presumptive to the Spanish throne throughout her life (Alphonso XIII was born months after the death of his father, Alphonso XII; if a second daughter had been born instead, Maria de las Mercedes would have immediatley become queen regnant).

Since 1936 Don Carlos' mother, née Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma, has been recognised as an infanta of Spain by marriage to Infante Alfonso (30 November 1901 - 3 February 1964), eldest child of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and his wife Doña Mercedes, Princess of Asturias.

HRH Infanta Alicia, Dowager Duchess of Calabria (widow of The King's grandfather's first cousin)

Family tree of members

King Alfonso XII
Maria Christina of Austria
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
King Alfonso XIII
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
The Dowager Duchess of Calabria
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
The Duke of Calabria
The Duchess of Calabria
Luis Gómez-Acebo, Duke of Badajoz
The Duchess of Badajoz
King Juan Carlos I*
Queen Sofía*
The Duke of Soria and Hernani
The Duchess of Soria and Hernani
Jaime de Marichalar
(div. 2010)
The Duchess of Lugo*
The Duke of Palma de Mallorca*
The Duchess of Palma de Mallorca*
The King*
The Queen*
Don Felipe de Marichalar y Borbón
Doña Victoria de Marichalar y Borbón
Don Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón
Don Pablo Urdangarín y de Borbón
Don Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón
Doña Irene Urdangarín y de Borbón
The Princess of Asturías*
Infanta Sofía*

* Member of the Royal Family (as opposed to the Family of the King, or extended family)

Public role

Members of the Spanish Royal Family are often asked by non-profit charitable, cultural, or religious organizations within Spain or internationally to become their patrons, a role the Spanish constitution recognizes and codified in Title II Article 62 (j) It is incumbent for the monarch "to exercise the High Patronage of the Royal Academies".[4] Royal patronage conveys a sense of official credibility as the organization is scrutinized for suitability. A royal presence often greatly raises the profile of the organization and attracts media publicity and public interest that the organization may not have otherwise garnered, aiding in the charitable cause or cultural event. Royalty make use of their considerable celebrity to assist the organization to raise funds or to affect or promote government policy.

Additionally, members of the royal family may also pursue their own charitable and cultural interests. Queen Sofía devotes much of her time to the Queen Sofia Foundation (Fundación Reina Sofía);[5] while King Felipe chairs the Prince of Asturias Foundation (Fundación Príncipe de Asturias), which aims to promote "scientific, cultural and humanistic values that form part of mankind's universal heritage."[6]

The Prince of Asturias Foundation holds annual awards ceremonies acknowledging the contributions of individuals, entities, and/or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, or public affairs. King Felipe serves as president of the Codespa Foundation, which finances specific economic and social development activities in Latin American and other countries, and serves as president of the Spanish branch of the Association of European Journalists, which is composed of achieving communications professionals.[7] King Felipe also serves as honorary chair of the Ministry of Culture National Awards Ceremonies.[8]

Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, Juan Carlos' elder daughter, is the Director of Cultural and Social Projects of Mapfre Foundation,[9] while Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, Juan Carlos' younger daughter, served as the Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations for the 2nd World Assembly on Ageing, and is a member of the Dali Foundation Board of Trustees, president of the International Foundation for Disabled Sailing, and Director of Social Welfare at the La Caixa Foundation in Barcelona where she lives with her family.[10]

King Juan Carlos, Queen Sofia, and Infanta Cristina are all members of the Bilderberg Group, an informal think-tank centered on United States and European relations, and other world issues.[11][12][13]

See also