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Special Committee on Decolonization

File:UN Special Comimittee on Decolonization.png
Current members of the UN Special Committee on Decolonization
  Members in 2009
  Observers in 2009

The Special Committee on Decolonization (also known as the U.N. Special Committee of the 24 on Decolonization, the Committee of 24, or simply, the Decolonization Committee) was created in 1961 by the General Assembly of the United Nations with the purpose of monitoring implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and to make recommendations on its application.[1] The committee is also a successor to the former Committee on Information from Non-Self-Governing Territories, with which it was merged in 1963. The full official name of the Special Committee is "Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples".

Hoping to speed the progress of decolonization, the General Assembly had adopted in 1960 the Resolution 1514, also known as the "Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples" or simply "Declaration on Decolonization". It stated that all people have a right to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a speedy and unconditional end.[2]

Subsequently, in 1990, the General Assembly proclaimed 1990–2000 as the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism and adopted a concrete Plan of Action to further its principles and relevant International Law on that matter. In 2001, the United Nations proceeded to proclaim the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.[3] In 2011, the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism was declared.

In 1945, the year the United Nations was established, 750 million people – almost a third of the world's population – lived in territories that were non-self-governing, dependent on colonial Powers. Today, fewer than 2 million people live in such territories.[4]

Non-self-governing territories

As of 2014, there still remain 17 territories listed on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories:

Territory
Capital Currency Language Administering state Continent Notes
23x15px American Samoa [note 1] Pago Pago United States dollar English 23x15px United States Oceania [5][note 2]
23x15px Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas [6][7][note 3]
23x15px Bermuda Hamilton Bermudian dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas [7][8]
23x15px British Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar [note 4] English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas [7][9]
23x15px Cayman Islands George Town [note 5] Cayman Islands dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas [7][10]
23x15px Falkland Islands [note 6][note 7] Stanley Falklands pound English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas [7][11] [note 8]
23x15px French Polynesia [note 9] Papeete CFP franc French 23x15px France Oceania [12][13]
23x15px Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar pound English 23x15px United Kingdom Europe
23x15px Guam Agaña United States dollar English 23x15px United States Oceania
23x15px Montserrat Plymouth East Caribbean dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas
23x15px New Caledonia Nouméa CFP franc French 23x15px France Oceania
23x15px Pitcairn [note 10] Adamstown New Zealand dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Oceania [7][14]
23x15px Saint Helena Jamestown Saint Helena pound English 23x15px United Kingdom Africa [7][15]
23x15px Tokelau Fakaofo New Zealand dollar English 23x15px New Zealand Oceania
23x15px Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar English 23x15px United Kingdom Americas
23x15px United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar English 23x15px United States Americas
23x15px Western Sahara [note 11] El Aaiún Sahrawi peseta Arabic 23x15px Morocco Africa [note 12]

Membership

The 17-member Special Committee was expanded to 24 members in 1962, and the size of its membership has varied since.[16]

As of March 2014, the members are as follows:[17]

23x15px Antigua and Barbuda 23x15px Ethiopia 23x15px Papua New Guinea 23x15px Tanzania
23x15px Bolivia 23x15px Fiji 23x15px Russian Federation 23x15px Venezuela
23x15px Chile 23x15px Grenada 23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis
23x15px China Template:Country data India 23x15px Saint Lucia
23x15px Congo Template:Country data Indonesia 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
23x15px Côte d'Ivoire Template:Country data Iran 23x15px Sierra Leone
23x15px Cuba Template:Country data Iraq 23x15px Syria
23x15px Dominica 23x15px Mali 23x15px East Timor
23x15px Ecuador 23x15px Nicaragua 23x15px Tunisia

The Special Committee also has 14 observers.

Officers and bureau members

The Chair of the Special Committee for 2014 is Xavier Lasso Mendoza of Ecuador. The three Vice Chairs are Rodolfo Reyes Rodriguez (Cuba), Vandi Chidi Minah (Sierra Leone), and Desra Percaya (Indonesia). The Rapporteur is Bashar Ja'afari of Syria. The Bureau of the Committee comprises these officers.[18]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Also known in the form conventional as Territory of American Samoa.
  2. ^ Dependency status: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior.
  3. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ The economy is closely tied to the larger and more populous US Virgin Islands to the west; the US dollar is the legal currency.
  5. ^ Also known as on Grand Cayman.
  6. ^ Also known as the Islas Malvinas.
  7. ^ Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas).
  8. ^ The Falkland Islands include the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands.
  9. ^ Also known as Overseas Lands of French Polynesia.
  10. ^ Also known as Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands.
  11. ^ Territory under de facto Moroccan control. Claimed by SADR.
  12. ^ The legal status the territory and the issue of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), based out of refugee camps near Tindouf, Algeria, led by President Mohamed Abdelaziz.

References

  1. ^ "the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation – Official Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  2. ^ "History of U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  3. ^ "Historical Documents of the U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website and Document Archive". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  4. ^ "The United Nations and Decolonization". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  5. ^ American Samoa at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  6. ^ Anguilla at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g British Overseas Territories
  8. ^ Bermuda at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  9. ^ British Virgin Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  10. ^ Cayman Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  11. ^ Falkland Islands at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  12. ^ French Polynesia at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  13. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 68 Resolution 93. A/RES/68/93 {{{date}}}. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  14. ^ Pitcairn at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  15. ^ Saint Helena at the CIA World Factbook Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  16. ^ "United Nations". Unhchr.ch. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  17. ^ . United Nations http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2014/gacol3259.doc.htm. Retrieved 2014-09-06.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2014/gacol3259.doc.htm; http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/decolonization/special_committee_bureau.htm

External links