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Sriperumbudur

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Sriperumbudur
திருபெரும்புதூர்
City
Arch at the entrance to the town
Arch at the entrance to the town
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 12°58′N 79°57′E / 12.97°N 79.95°E / 12.97; 79.95Coordinates: 12°58′N 79°57′E / 12.97°N 79.95°E / 12.97; 79.95{{#coordinates:12.97|N|79.95|E|type:city(200000)_region:|||| |primary |name=

}}
Country Template:Country data India
State Tamil Nadu
District Kanchipuram
Elevation 37 m (121 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 200,000
 • Rank 2
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TN-21
Website tn.nic.in

Sriperumbudur (Tamil: திருபெரும்புதூர்) is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu located 40 kilometers southwest of the city of Chennai. It is known for being the birthplace of Sri Ramanuja, one of the most prominent Hindu Vaishnava saints. The former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated here in 1991. Since 2000, Sriperumbudur has seen rapid industrialisation.

The old name of Sriperumbudur is "Bhoodhapuri".

Geography

Climate

Geology

Sriperumbudur belongs to the Sriperumbudur Formation, which is characterised by arenaceous and argillaceous rock units composed of splintery green shale, clays, and sandstones with ironstone intercalation. The rock units conformably[1] overlie either the Precambrian basement or Precambrian boulder beds and green shales. The beds contain marine intercalations.[2] Their lithologic suites and fossil fauna are suggestive of deposition under shallow and brackish conditions, probably close to the shoreline.[3][4]

Economy

File:HyundaiChennai.JPG
Hyundai's manufacturing plant at Irungattukottai near Sriperumbudur.

Sriperumbudur has attracted huge investments due to several factors:

In 1999, Hyundai, one of the initial investors, arrived at Sriperumbudur. By 2008, Sriperumbudur had become a special economic zone with over US$2 billion invested by companies primarily in the automotive and electronics sectors.

A new greenfield Chennai Airport is planned for Sriperumbudur.[5][6] The corridor between Sriperumbudur and Oragadam rapidly grows with apartment complexes from large developers.

Companies in Sriperumbudur

The following companies have established operations in Sriperumbudur:[7]

Government and politics

The Sriperumbudur assembly constituency (SC) is one of 543 constituencies represented in India's lower house of Parliament, Lok Sabha.

The Kanchipuram Regional Transport Office (RTO) has a unit office in Sriperumbudur.

Culture

File:Rajiv Gandhi Memorial path.jpg
The Rajiv Gandhi Memorial

Sri Adikesava Perumal Temple and the birthplace of Saint Ramanuja

Sriperumbudur is the birthplace of Sri Ramanuja, the Hindu saint and philosopher known as one of the foremost proponents of the Vaishnavism branch of Hinduism.

Sri Ramanujar's vigraha was installed in this temple during the saint's lifetime and is, therefore, called "Thamugantha Thirumani" (literally, "cherished by himself form").

Vallakottai Murugan temple

Vallakottai Murugan temple, 9 km from Sriperumbudur, is known for the tallest Lord Murugan statue in India (Script error: No such module "convert".).

Rajiv Gandhi Memorial

On 21 May 1991, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by a suicide bomber in Sriperumbudur. The government later converted the area into the Rajiv Gandhi Memorial.

Madras Motor Sports Club

Madras Motor Sports Club, located at the village of Irungattukottai near Sriperumbudur, organises world class racing events every year, including the South India Rally and the All India Motor Race Meet. Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA) have licensed the club for races up to Formula Three for cars and all classes for motorcycles. The club also has a dirt track for autocross events.

References

  1. ^ "(of rock strata) lying in a parallel arrangement so that their original relative positions have remained undisturbed" "conformably". Dictionary.com. Retrieved May 2014. 
  2. ^ Murthy, N.G.K.; Sastry, V.V. (1961). "Foraminifera from the Sriperumbudur beds near Madras". Indian Minerals (Geological Survey of India) 14: 214–15. 
  3. ^ Sastry, V.V.; Raju, A.T.R.; Singh, R.N.; Venkatachala, B.S. (1974). "Evolution of the Mesozoic sedimentary basins on the east- coast of India". APEA Journal (Australian Petroleum Exploration Association) 14 (1): 29–41. 
  4. ^ Rajanikanth, A.; Agarwal, Anil; Stephen, A. (2010). "An Integrated Inquiry of Early Cretaceous Flora, Palar Basin, India". Phytomorphology (International Society of Plant Morphologists) 60 (1&2): 21–28. 
  5. ^ "Centre pushes for Rs. 20,000-cr airport at Sriperumbudur". The Hindu. The Hindu Group. 18 May 2013. Retrieved May 2014. 
  6. ^ Ayyappan, V (15 February 2012). "Chennai may become first city with two international airports". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved May 2014. 
  7. ^ Mukherjee, Andy (14 March 2007). "India's Answer to Shenzhen Needs Political Will: Andy Mukherjee". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 2014. 

External links