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Star Alliance

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This article is about the global airline alliance. For the political party in Benin, see Star Alliance (Benin).

Star Alliance
Launch date 14 May 1997
Full members 27
Non-voting members 39 affiliates, 1 pending
Destination airports 1,321[1]
Destination countries 193[1]
Annual passengers (M) 637.62[1]
Annual RPK (G) 1,331[1]
Fleet size 4,456[1]
Management Mark Schwab, CEO[2]
Calin Rovinescu, Chairman
Alliance slogan The Way The Earth Connects
Headquarters Frankfurt am Main, Germany[3]

The Star Alliance is the world's largest global airline alliance, headquartered in Frankfurt am Main, Germany,[3] and led by current CEO Mark Schwab.[2] It was founded on May 14, 1997, with its name and emblem representing the five founding airlines (see the five airlines in the history section). Star Alliance has since grown considerably and its current membership includes 27 airlines which have more than 18,521 daily departures combined. These flights reach 1,321 airports in more than 193 countries, with an annual number of 637.6 million passengers.[1]

Membership history

1997–1999: The first three years

File:Aegean Airlines A320 Star Alliance 01.jpg
Lufthansa is one of the founding members of the Star Alliance.
File:Logo Star Alliance.png
The first Star Alliance logo still in use today.

On 14 May 1997, five airlines from three continents – Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International, Air Canada, Lufthansa, and United Airlines came together to launch Star Alliance.[4][5] The newly established alliance selected Young & Rubicam Advertising to increase awareness of the new alliance, with a budget of $25 million, (€18 million).[6] The five airlines shared the traditional star logo from the beginning with the five points representing the five founding airlines. The alliance also adopted their first slogan "The Airline Network for Earth",[4] with the goal to have "an alliance that will take passengers to every major city on earth".[5]

VARIG joined the Star Alliance network,[4][7] on 22 October 1997 making it the alliance's first "new" member and its gateway airline into South America.

In 3 May 1999, Ansett Australia and Air New Zealand both became members of the alliance, connecting the alliance to Australia and the Pacific.[8] Upon the joining of the two carriers, Star Alliance served 720 destinations in 110 countries with a combined fleet of 1,650 aircraft.

All Nippon Airways joined the alliance in 15 October 1999, and became the group's second Asian airline.[9][10]

2000: Major expansion

The new millennium started off with the significant admission of The Austrian Airlines Group (Austrian Airlines, Tyrolean Airways and Lauda Air) in 26 March.[11][12] Singapore Airlines joined on 1 April[13][14] giving the alliance an even stronger foothold in the Asian market. Then on 1 July BMI (British Midland) and Mexicana Airlines simultaneously joined Star Alliance, bringing the total membership tally up to 13.[15] The joining of BMI made London Heathrow the only European hub with two competing alliances. During the year, Emirates considered joining Star Alliance, but later opted not to join.[16] The same year, now defunct BWIA West Indies Airways who had entered an alliance with United Airlines considered becoming a member. BWIA however never joined the alliance.[17] In 2000 the alliance also opened its first three business centers through the course of the year in Los Angeles, Frankfurt, and Bangkok as well as announcing the completion of its full-time Alliance Management Team (AMT) – the executive body of the partnership.[18]

In September 2001, Ansett Australia left the alliance due to bankruptcy which subsequently handed over a majority of the Australian market to Qantas, a rival Oneworld Alliance member. During this year Star Alliance also announced the appointment of their new CEO, Jaan Albrecht.[18]

2003 saw the admission of three new airlines to the alliance. Asiana Airlines joined on 1 March,[19] Spanair joined on 1 May,[20] and then, LOT Polish Airlines, the official flag carrier of Poland, joined in October.[21]

In March 2004, Mexicana Airlines left Star Alliance after deciding not to renew a codeshare deal with United Airlines and later joined Oneworld.[18] US Airways then joined the alliance in May,[22] becoming the alliance's second US-based airline. Finally, in November, Adria Airways, Blue1, and Croatia Airlines joined the alliance as the first three regional members.

In 2005, Star Alliance invited Lineas Aereas Azteca to join the alliance in mid-2007, but the airline went bankrupt and never joined the alliance. Then, Star Alliance saw the admission of TAP Portugal on 14 March, thereby adding new African destinations to Star Alliance's network.[23][24] After merging with US Airways under the US Airways name, America West Airlines joined, working through US Airways original membership, but would never be considered an individual member.

In April 2006 Swiss International Air Lines joined the alliance as its 17th member and its 6th airline from Europe. SWISS' predecessor, Swissair was due to join the alliance in 2001, but the airline went bankrupt in October of that year and went through an extensive restructuring process before joining 5 years later. April also saw the admission of South African Airways, being Star Alliance's first African member. They also were the 18th member of the alliance.

Tenth anniversary

In May 2007, Star Alliance and its members celebrated the alliance's 10th anniversary. During the previous decade, Star Alliance had grown from a membership of five airlines to include 18 carriers around the world.[25] Each day the Star Alliance's members had a combined daily departure of 16,000 to 855 destinations in 155 countries, serving 406 million passengers annually. As part of the celebration and to increase awareness of the alliance, Star Alliance launched a global consumer promotion.[26] Prizes included round-the-world air tickets, the paying of related expenses, as well as monetary prizes.[27] On the same day, Star Alliance also launched the Biosphere Connections, a partnership with three international organisations – UNESCO, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and Ramsar Convention On Wetlands – to promote environmental sustainability.[25][28]

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—Jaan Albrecht, former CEO Star Alliance[29]

Other significant events which took place included the ejection of VARIG from the alliance on 31 January.[30] In addition to this, the first two major Chinese airlines to join the alliance, Air China and Shanghai Airlines, joined on 12 December.[31]

2008–2010: Expansion and 2nd decade of operations

On 1 April 2008, Turkish Airlines joined the alliance after an 18-month integration process since December 2006, becoming the seventh European airline[32] in the alliance, which had thus reached a total of 20 members. EgyptAir, the official airline of Egypt, joined on 11 July 2008,[33] becoming the second African airline. The airline joined following its 75th anniversary the previous year, an event which EgyptAir used to subsequently relaunch its image and brand.[33]

On 27 October 2009, Continental Airlines became the 25th full member of the alliance after leaving SkyTeam on 24 October. At a joining ceremony in New York City, Jaan Albrecht, former CEO of Star Alliance, said, "Bringing Continental Airlines into Star Alliance has been a truly unique experience. This is the first time an airline has moved directly from one alliance to another and I would like to thank all those involved in ensuring a smooth switch". At the time, it was rumoured that the switch was part of Continental's initial move in its plan of a United-Continental merge.[34]

On 9 December 2009, the integration of Brussels Airlines into the Star Alliance was effective.[35]

On 13 May 2010, leading Brazilian carrier TAM Airlines was admitted following a joining ceremony in São Paulo,[36] thereby furthering the alliance's foothold in South America, which is currently considered by SkyTeam as an important market.[37] Aegean Airlines, Greece's largest airline in terms of passengers carried, joined on 30 June.[38] Fellow Greek airline Olympic Air originally intended to apply to join the alliance if their merger with Aegean Airlines was approved by the EU.

Shanghai Airlines left the alliance on 31 October 2010, due to its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a future member of Star Alliance's rival SkyTeam.[39] On 29 September, the Chief Executive Board approved Ethiopian Airlines's application for membership, with the airline to become the 30th member, further strengthening Star Alliance in the African region.[40]

As of September 2010, Star Alliance flew to 1,172 airports in 181 countries, with approximately 21,200 daily departures.[40]

Expansion during 2011 and beyond

The new decade saw Star Alliance adding more members and losing some due to either the airline becoming collapsed or for corporate restructuring.

In August, 2011, after continued delays, Air India was finally rejected for membership after failing to meet the requirements for membership.[41][42] Later that year, on 13 December 2011, Ethiopian Airlines joined, adding five new countries and 24 destinations to the alliance's route map.

2012 had a lot of things happening to Star Alliance, with many airlines leaving as well as many airlines joining. In the beginning of January 2012 Continental Airlines completed its merger with United Airlines, thus formally ending its existence and membership in the alliance. Shortly after this, on 27 January, longtime member Spanair left the alliance after suffering financial collapse and ceasing operations. bmi then left on 20 April after its acquisition by International Airlines Group (IAG), a parent company of Oneworld Members Iberia and British Airways. On 21 June 2012 Avianca, TACA Airlines and Copa Airlines all simultaneously joined the alliance, significantly increasing the alliance's presence in Latin America.[43] Then in November, Blue1 left the alliance, becoming an affiliate of parent Scandinavian Airlines.[44] Finally, to end one of the most difficult years in the alliance's history, Shenzhen Airlines joined on 29 November 2012, complementing Air China's Chinese network.[45]

On 8 March 2013 TAM Airlines officially announced its departure, long expected after its merger with LAN Airlines to become LATAM Airlines Group. Later during the year, with the addition of EVA Air on 18 June and TACA's integration into Avianca, the alliance now had 28 members, making it the largest of the three main airline alliances. On 13 December 2013, Air India was officially invited to join Star Alliance again, and the integration process recommenced once again.[46] On 31 March 2014, TAM Airlines left Star Alliance and joined Oneworld, and US Airways left as well as an affiliate of American Airlines.[47] On the same day that US Airways and TAM Airlines left, Avianca Brazil announced that they would join Star Alliance in 2014 as an affiliate of the Avianca brand.[48] After TAM Airlines and US Airways left Star Alliance, the alliance had 26 airlines. On 24 June 2014, Air India had its membership approved by other members after several years of waiting, and it joined the alliance on 11 July 2014.[49] [50][51][52]

Member airlines

Air Canada, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International and United Airlines are the five founding members of the alliance.

Full members and their member affiliates

Member airline Joined Member affiliates
23x15px Adria Airways 18 November 2004 N/A
23x15px Aegean Airlines 30 June 2010 23x15px Olympic Air
23x15px Air Canada[A] 14 May 1997 23x15px Air Canada Express[B][D]
23x15px Air Canada rouge
23x15px Air China 12 December 2007 23x15px Dalian Airlines
Template:Country data India Air India 11 July 2014 [51] Template:Country data India Air India Regional[B][E]
23x15px Air New Zealand 3 May 1999 23x15px Air New Zealand Link[B][F]
Template:Country data Japan All Nippon Airways 15 October 1999 Template:Country data JPN Air Japan
Template:Country data JPN ANA Wings
Template:Country data South Korea Asiana Airlines 28 March 2003
23x15px Austrian Airlines 26 March 2000
23x15px Avianca 21 June 2012 23x15px Avianca Costa Rica
23x15px Avianca Ecuador
23x15px Avianca El Salvador
23x15px Avianca Guatemala
Template:Country data Honduras Avianca Honduras
23x15px Avianca Nicaragua
23x15px Avianca Peru
23x15px Brussels Airlines 9 December 2009 N/A
23x15px Copa Airlines 21 June 2012 23x15px Copa Airlines Colombia
23x15px Croatia Airlines 18 November 2004 N/A
23x15px EgyptAir 11 July 2008 23x15px EgyptAir Express
23x15px Air Sinai
23x15px Ethiopian Airlines 13 December 2011 N/A
23x15px EVA Air 18 June 2013 23x15px Uni Air
23x15px LOT Polish Airlines 26 October 2003
23x15px Lufthansa[A] 14 May 1997 23x15px Lufthansa Regional[B][C][G]
23x15px Lufthansa CityLine
23x15px Air Dolomiti
23x15px Scandinavian Airlines[A]
14 May 1997 23x15px Blue1
23x15px Shenzhen Airlines 29 November 2012 N/A
23x15px Singapore Airlines 1 April 2000 N/A
23x15px South African Airways 10 April 2006 23x15px Airlink
23x15px South African Express
23x15px Mango
23x16px Swiss International Air Lines 1 April 2006 23x16px Swiss Global Air Lines
23x16px Edelweiss Air
23x15px TAP Portugal 14 March 2005 23x15px Portugalia
23x15px Thai Airways[A] 14 May 1997
23x15px Turkish Airlines 1 April 2008 23x15px Anadolu Jet
23x15px Sun Express
23x15px United Airlines[A] 14 May 1997 23x15px United Express[B][H]

A Founding member.
B Airlines operating under the Air Canada Express, Air New Zealand Link, Lufthansa Regional, Tyrolean Airways and United Express brands are not necessarily members of Star Alliance. However, flights are operated on behalf of the respective member airlines, carry their designator code and are Star Alliance flights.
C Members of Lufthansa Regional that are fully owned by Deutsche Lufthansa AG.
D Air Canada Express flights are operated by [53][54] Air Georgian, EVAS Air, Jazz Aviation, Sky Regional Airlines
E Air India Regional flights are operated by Alliance Air
F Air New Zealand Link flights are operated by Air Nelson, Eagle Airways, Mount Cook Airline
G Lufthansa Regional flights are operated by Air Dolomiti, Eurowings, Lufthansa CityLine
H United Express flights are operated by Cape Air, Chautauqua Airlines, CommutAir, ExpressJet Airlines, GoJet Airlines, Mesa Airlines, Shuttle America, Silver Airways, SkyWest Airlines

Future members

As of May 2015, there are currently no confirmed new members scheduled to join the alliance.

Future member affiliates

Future member affiliate Joining Affiliate of
23x15px Avianca Brazil
22 July 2015[55]
23x15px Avianca

Former members and affiliates

Former members and their member affiliates

Former member airline Joined Exited Affiliates Notes
23x15px Ansett Australia 3 May 1999 12 September 2001 23x15px Aeropelican Air Services
23x15px Hazelton Airlines
23x15px Kendell Airlines
23x15px Skywest Airlines
Collapsed on 12 September 2001; merged with Air New Zealand
23x15px Blue1 3 November 2004 1 November 2012 N/A Left the alliance on 1 November 2012 after SAS took over mainline operations, now a member affiliate of Scandinavian Airlines
23x15px British Midland International 1 July 2000 20 April 2012 23x15px BMI regional
23x15px Bmibaby
Left the alliance on 20 April 2012 as a result of its merger with International Airlines Group. IAG's subsidiaries British Airways and Iberia are Oneworld members; BMI merged with British Airways on 27 October 2012
23x15px Continental Airlines 27 October 2009 3 March 2012 23x15px Continental Connection
23x15px Continental Express
23x15px Continental Micronesia
Merged with United Airlines on 3 March 2012
23x15px Mexicana 1 July 2000 31 March 2004 23x15px Aerocaribe Left the alliance in 2004 after deciding not to renew a codeshare alliance with United Airlines, opting instead to codeshare with American Airlines, and joined Oneworld on 10 November 2009. Collapsed on 28 August 2010
23x15px Shanghai Airlines 12 December 2007 31 October 2010 23x15px China United Airlines Left the alliance on 31 October 2010 as a result of its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a SkyTeam member
23x15px Spanair 1 May 2003 27 January 2012 23x15px AeBal Collapsed on 27 January 2012
23x15px TACA Airlines 21 June 2012 27 May 2013 23x15px TACA Regional operated by:
23x15px Aviateca
23x15px La Costeña
23x15px Sansa Airlines
Merged with Avianca on 27 May 2013. Renamed as Avianca El Salvador
23x15px TAM Airlines 13 May 2010 31 March 2014 23x15px TAM Paraguay Left the alliance on 31 March 2014 as a result of its merger with LAN Airlines, a Oneworld member
23x15px US Airways 4 May 2004 31 March 2014 23x15px US Airways Express
23x15px US Airways Shuttle
Left the alliance on 31 March 2014 as a result of its merger with American Airlines, a Oneworld member
23x15px Varig 22 October 1997 31 January 2007 23x15px Nordeste
23x15px Rio Sul
23x15px PLUNA
Ceased operations on 20 July 2006

Former member affiliates of current full members

Former member affiliate Joined Exited Member affiliate of Notes
23x15px Air Canada Tango <center> 2001 <center> 2004 23x15px Air Canada Air Canada Tango was dissolved and now is part of Air Canada
23x15px Air Nova <center> 1997 <center> 2001 23x15px Air Canada
Template:Country data JPN Air Next <center> 2004 <center> 2010 Template:Country data JPN All Nippon Airways
Template:Country data JPN Air Nippon <center> 1999 <center> 2012 Template:Country data JPN All Nippon Airways
23x15px Air Ontario <center> 1997 <center> 2001 23x15px Air Canada
23x15px Centralwings <center> 2004 <center> 2007 23x15px LOT Polish Airlines
23x15px23x15px Cyprus Turkish Airlines <center> 2008 <center> 2010 23x15px Turkish Airlines
23x15px Korongo Airlines <center> 2009 <center> 2012 23x15px Brussels Airlines
23x15px Lauda Air <center> 2000 <center> 2013 23x15px Austrian Airlines Lauda Air was dissolved and replaced by Austrian Airlines operations
23x15px Lufthansa Italia <center> 2009 <center> 2011 23x15px Lufthansa
23x15px United Shuttle <center> 1997 <center> 2001 23x15px United Airlines United Shuttle's operations ceased and became part of United Airlines
23x16px Swiss Private Aviation <center> 2007 <center> 2011 23x16px Swiss International Air Lines
23x15px Tyrolean Airways <center> 2000 <center> 2015 23x15px Austrian Airlines Tyrolean Airways was dissolved and now is part of Austrian Airlines
23x15px Zip <center> 2002 <center> 2004 23x15px Air Canada

Customer service

Codeshare flights between these airlines are, for the most part, seamless. This tight cooperation led to suspicions of anti-competitive behaviour, and the alliance was investigated by the European Union as a virtual merger of its members. Indeed, some speculated that if government regulations were relaxed, the members would merge into a single corporation,[56] although no evidence has yet materialized. Prior to Star Alliance, Northwest Airlines and KLM were operating together as the forerunners of the modern airline alliance system since 1993, although there had been even earlier pairings and groupings of airlines for decades on a less formal level. The creation of Star Alliance was a milestone in airline history because of its size. It sparked the formation of rivals, notably SkyTeam and Oneworld.

The alliance developed the "Regional" concept in 2004, which helped Star Alliance penetrate individual markets with the regional participation of smaller carriers. Regional Star Alliance members had to be sponsored by an existing full Star Alliance member. However, Star Alliance has stopped designating airlines as "Regional" members and now refers to all the 27 airlines as just "members".[57]

Star Alliance members now fly over 18,521 daily flights to 1,321 airports in 193 countries with a fleet of 4,025 aircraft. Its members carried a total of 627.52 million passengers with a turnover of US$156.8 billion, €145 billion. The alliance's market share is 28% of the global market based on revenue passenger kilometers (RPK), which is greater than the combined market share of all airlines that are not in any of the three major alliances. All Star Alliance carriers combined employ over 405,000 pilots, flight attendants, and other staff. Star Alliance was voted best airline alliance in the Skytrax 2007 World Airline Awards.[58]

Members' hubs

Member airlines Hub airports Focus city airports
Adria Airways 23x15px Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport 23x15pxPristina International Airport Adem Jashari
Aegean Airlines 23x15px Athens International Airport
23x15px Heraklion International Airport
23x15px Thessaloniki International Airport
23x15px Corfu International Airport
23x15px Larnaca International Airport
23x15px Kalamata International Airport
23x15px Rhodes International Airport
Air Canada 23x15px Calgary International Airport
23x15px Montréal-Trudeau International Airport
23x15px Toronto Pearson International Airport
23x15px Vancouver International Airport
23x15px Edmonton International Airport
23x15px Halifax Stanfield International Airport
23x15px Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport
23x15px Winnipeg International Airport
Air China 23x15px Beijing Capital International Airport
23x15px Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
23x15px Shanghai Pudong International Airport
23x15px Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
23x15px Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
23x15px Tianjin Binhai International Airport
23x15px Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
Air India Template:Country data India Indira Gandhi International Airport
Template:Country data India Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Template:Country data India Chennai International Airport
Template:Country data IndiaNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport
23x15px Changi Airport
Template:Country data India Kempegowda International Airport
Template:Country data India Trivandrum International Airport
Template:Country data India Cochin International Airport
Template:Country data India Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Template:Country data India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
Air New Zealand 23x15px Auckland Airport
23x15px Christchurch Airport
23x15px Wellington International Airport
23x15px Los Angeles International Airport
23x15px Sydney Airport
All Nippon Airways Template:Country data JPN Kansai International Airport
Template:Country data JPN Haneda Airport
Template:Country data JPN Narita International Airport
Template:Country data JPN Osaka International Airport
Template:Country data JPN Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Template:Country data JPN New Chitose Airport
Asiana Airlines Template:Country data South Korea Incheon International Airport
Template:Country data South Korea Gimpo International Airport
Template:Country data South Korea Gimhae International Airport
Template:Country data South Korea Jeju International Airport
Austrian Airlines 23x15px Vienna International Airport 23x15px Innsbruck Airport
Avianca 23x15px El Dorado International Airport
23x15px El Salvador International Airport
23x15px Jorge Chávez International Airport
23x15px Juan Santamaría International Airport
23x15px São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport
23x15px Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport
23x15px José María Córdova International Airport
23x15px La Aurora International Airport
23x15px Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
23x15px Miami International Airport
Brussels Airlines 23x15px Brussels Airport N/A
Copa Airlines 23x15px Tocumen International Airport

23x15px El Dorado International Airport

23x15px José María Córdova International Airport
23x15px Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport
23x15px Juan Santamaría International Airport
23x15px La Aurora International Airport
23x15px Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Croatia Airlines 23x15px Zagreb Airport 23x15px Dubrovnik Airport
23x15px Split Airport
23x15px Zadar Airport
EgyptAir 23x15px Cairo International Airport 23x15px Borg El Arab Airport
23x15px Hurghada International Airport
23x15px Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport
Ethiopian Airlines 23x15px Bole International Airport N/A
EVA Air 23x15px Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport 23x15px Kaohsiung International Airport
23x15px Suvarnabhumi Airport
LOT Polish Airlines 23x15px Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport 23x15px Copernicus Airport Wrocław
23x15px John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice
Lufthansa 23x15px Frankfurt Airport
23x15px Munich Airport
Scandinavian Airlines 23x15px Copenhagen Airport
23x15px Oslo Airport, Gardermoen
23x15px Stockholm-Arlanda Airport
23x15px Bergen Airport, Flesland
23x15px Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport
23x15px Stavanger Airport, Sola
23x15px Trondheim Airport, Værnes
23x15px Helsinki Airport
Shenzhen Airlines 23x15px Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport 23x15px Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
23x15px Nanjing Lukou International Airport
23x15px Nanning Wuxu International Airport
23x15px Shenyang Taoxian International Airport
23x15px Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Singapore Airlines 23x15px Singapore Changi Airport N/A
South African Airways 23x15px OR Tambo International Airport 23x15px Cape Town International Airport
Swiss International Air Lines 23x16px Zürich Airport 23x15px EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg
23x16px Geneva International Airport
TAP Portugal 23x15px Lisbon Portela Airport
23x15px Porto Francisco de Sá Carneiro Airport
23x15px Madeira Airport
Thai Airways International 23x15px Suvarnabhumi Airport 23x15px Chiang Mai International Airport
Template:Country data South Korea Incheon International Airport
23x15px Phuket International Airport
Turkish Airlines 23x15px Atatürk International Airport 23x15px Adnan Menderes Airport
23x15px Antalya Airport
23x15px Esenboğa International Airport
23x15px Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
United Airlines 23x15px Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport
23x15px Denver International Airport
23x15px George Bush Intercontinental Airport
23x15px Los Angeles International Airport
Template:Country data JPN Narita International Airport
23x15px Newark Liberty International Airport
23x15px O'Hare International Airport
23x15px San Francisco International Airport
23x15px Washington Dulles International Airport
23x15px Cleveland Hopkins International Airport[59]

Co-location at Airports (move under one roof)

Star Alliance members Scandinavian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines (with Star Alliance livery), and Air China (in the field) using Terminal 3-E of Beijing Capital International Airport as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.
City Airport IATA Terminal Exceptions
23x15px Barcelona Barcelona–El Prat Airport BCN Terminal 1
23x15px Beijing Beijing Capital International Airport PEK Terminal 3
23x15px Cairo Cairo International Airport CAI Terminal 3
23x15px Chongqing Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport CKG Terminal 2B
Template:Country data India Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport DEL Terminal 3
23x15px Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport FRA Terminal 1 "Star Alliance Terminal"
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport HKG Terminal 1
23x15px London London Heathrow Airport LHR Terminal 2
23x15px Mexico City Benito Juárez International Airport MEX Terminal 1
23x15px Miami Miami International Airport MIA Concourse J
23x15px Munich Munich Airport MUC Terminal 2
23x15px Moscow Domodedovo International Airport DME Terminal A
23x15px Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport CDG Terminal 1
23x15px Phuket Phuket International Airport HKT Terminal 1
Template:Country data South Korea Seoul Incheon International Airport ICN Concourse A
23x15px Stockholm Stockholm-Arlanda Airport ARN Terminal 5
23x15px Taipei Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport TPE Terminal 2
Template:Country data JPN Tokyo Narita International Airport NRT Terminal 1 – South Wing
23x15px Toronto Toronto Pearson International Airport YYZ Terminal 1
23x15px Vienna Vienna International Airport VIE Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Check-in 3)[60]

Premium status

Star Alliance has two premium levels, Silver and Gold, based on a customer's tier status in a member carrier's frequent flyer program. Each of the member and regional airlines recognizes Star Silver/Gold status, with a few exceptions (mainly pertaining to airport lounge access). The statuses have no specific requirements of their own; membership is based solely on the frequent flyer programs of individual member airlines. Many member airlines also have an additional premium status beyond Gold which is not recognised across Star Alliance.

Star Alliance Silver

Star Alliance Silver status is awarded to customers who have reached a premium level of a member carrier's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Silver membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by

Some airlines also offer the following to Silver members:

  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Preferred seating
  • Additional checked luggage allowance
  • Waived fees for 1st and 2nd checked bags

Star Alliance Gold

Star Alliance Gold status is awarded to customers who have reached a high level of a member airline's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Gold membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by
  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Additional checked luggage allowance of 20 kg (or one extra piece where the piece concept applies)
  • Airport lounge access to designated Star Alliance Gold lounges on the day and at the place of departure, on presentation of a valid Star Alliance boarding pass.

Some airlines also offer the following to Gold members:

  • Preferred seating (exit seat, or even on a special section on the plane on some carriers, which provides more leg room)
  • Guaranteed seating on fully booked flights (subject to the booking class code and notice period)
  • Free upgrade (in the form of voucher/certificate or automatic upgrade upon check-in)
  • United restricts US lounge access for their Gold Members to long-haul international passengers; Gold members from other carriers are welcome in US Lounges run by United on all itineraries. Unlike in Oneworld and Skyteam, United Star Gold members are admitted to the lounges of foreign alliance carriers (such as Lufthansa's Senator lounges at US airports) even if traveling domestically.

Qualifying tiers by airline

Member airline Mileage program Star Silver
(qualifying tiers)
Star Gold
(qualifying tiers)
Austrian Airlines
Brussels Airlines
Croatia Airlines
LOT Polish Airlines
Swiss International Air Lines
Miles & More Frequent Traveller Senator
HON Circle
Aegean Airlines Miles+Bonus Silver Gold
Air Canada Aeroplan[61] Prestige 25K
Elite 35K
Elite 50K
Elite 75K
Super Elite 100K
Air China
Shenzhen Airlines
Phoenix Miles Silver Gold
Air India Flying Returns Silver Edge Club Golden Edge Club
The Maharajah Club
Air New Zealand Airpoints Silver Gold
All Nippon Airways ANA Mileage Club Bronze Super Flyers
Asiana Airlines Asiana Club Gold Diamond
Diamond Plus
Avianca LifeMiles Silver Gold
Copa Airlines
United Airlines
MileagePlus Premier Silver Premier Gold
Premier Platinum
Premier 1K
Global Services
EgyptAir EgyptAir Plus Silver Gold
Ethiopian Airlines Sheba Miles Silver Club Gold Club
EVA Air Infinity MileageLands Infinity MileageLands Silver Infinity MileageLands Gold
Infinity MileageLands Diamond
Scandinavian Airlines EuroBonus Silver Gold
Singapore Airlines KrisFlyer Elite Silver Elite Gold
PPS Club
Solitaire PPS Club
South African Airways Voyager Silver Gold
TAP Portugal Victoria Silver Winner Gold Winner
Thai Airways International Royal Orchid Plus Silver Gold, Platinum
Turkish Airlines Miles & Smiles Classic Plus Elite
Elite Plus

File:MS Star Alliance Livery.JPG
An Egyptair Airbus A330 painted with Star Alliance livery

Some Star Alliance members paint some of their planes with the Star Alliance livery, usually featuring a white fuselage with "Star Alliance" signature written across and a black tailfin with the Star Alliance logo while the color or design of the engine cowlings or winglets remains depending on the members livery. Singapore Airlines is the only exception, formerly opting to paint the tails of the aircraft with the airline's logo; and now applying the Star Alliance logo sans the black tailfin painting, leaving it white. Asiana Airlines was the first Star Alliance member to paint their aircraft in the current Star Alliance livery.[62][dead link] Aircraft painted in their airline's regular livery have the Star Alliance logo painted on the aircraft between the cockpit and the first set of cabin doors. Currently, 80 aircraft are painted in the Star Alliance livery.


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External links

16x16px Media related to Star Alliance at Wikimedia Commons