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Open Access Articles- Top Results for States of Brazil

States of Brazil

State
Estado (Portuguese)
Template:Brazil Labelled Map
Category Federated state
Location Federative Republic of Brazil
Number 26
Populations 496,936 (Roraima) – 44,035,304 (São Paulo)
Areas Script error: No such module "convert". (Sergipe) – Script error: No such module "convert". (Amazonas)
Government State government
Subdivisions Munincipality

The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of twenty-seven Federative Units (Portuguese: Unidades Federativas (UF)): twenty-six states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal), where the federal capital, Brasília, is located. The states are generally based on historical, conventional borders which have developed over time. The Federal District is not a state in its own right, but shares some characteristics of a state as well as some of a municipality. The codes given below are defined in ISO 3166-2:BR.

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History

The first administrative divisions of Brazil were the hereditary captaincies (capitanias hereditárias), stretches of land granted to Portuguese noblemen or merchants with a charter to colonize the land. These captaincies were to be passed from father to son, but the crown retained the power of revoking it, which the king indeed did in the 16th century[disputed ]. Then the vast Portuguese dominion in South America was divided between the State of Brazil, in the southern half, and the State of Maranhão, in the northern half (note that Maranhão by then referred not only to current Maranhão, but rather to the whole of the Amazon region; the name marã-nã in old Tupi language means "wide river", i.e. the Amazon River).

After the Iberian Union (1580–1640), the territory of Portuguese colonial domains in South America was more than doubled, and the land was divided into captaincies, royal captaincies and provinces. Unlike Spanish America, the whole territory was united under a single viceroy, with a seat in Salvador (and after 1763, Rio de Janeiro). This situation contributed later to keeping Brazil as a unified nation-state and avoiding the fragmentation of the Spanish domains.

With independence, in 1822, the colony became an empire and all captaincies were turned into provinces. Most internal borders were kept unchanged from the colonial period, generally following natural features such as rivers and mountain ridges. Minor changes were made to suit domestic politics (such as the Triângulo Mineiro from Goiás to Minas Gerais, the splitting of Paraná and ceding the south bank of the São Francisco River from Pernambuco to Bahia), as well as additions resulting from diplomatic settlement of territorial disputes by the end of the 19th century (Amapá, Roraima, Palmas). When Brazil became a republic in 1889, all provinces were immediately turned into states.

In 1943, with the entrance of Brazil into the Second World War, the Vargas regime detached seven strategic territories from the border of the country in order to administer them directly: Amapá, Rio Branco, Acre, Guaporé, Ponta Porã, Iguaçu and the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. After the war, the first three territories became states, with Rio Branco and Guaporé being renamed Roraima and Rondônia, respectively, whilst Ponta Porã and Iguaçu remained as territories. In 1988, Fernando de Noronha became part of Pernambuco.

In 1960, the square-shaped Distrito Federal was carved out of Goiás in preparation for the new capital, Brasília. The previous federal district became Guanabara State until in 1975 it was merged with Rio de Janeiro State, retaining its name and with the municipality of Rio de Janeiro as its capital.

In 1977, Mato Grosso was split into two states. The northern area retained the name Mato Grosso while the southern area became the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, with Campo Grande as its capital. The new Mato Grosso do Sul incorporated the territory of Ponta Porã and the northern part of Iguaçu. Central Iguaçu went to Paraná, and southern Iguaçu went to Santa Catarina.

In 1988, the northern portion of Goiás became Tocantins State, with Palmas as its capital.

Evolution of state divisions

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1621
Two states 
1709
Greatest extent of São Paulo state 
1823
Imperial provinces 
1889
At the start of Republic 
1943
Border territories 
1990
Current 

Proposed division of Pará

On 11 December 2011, a plebiscite was held in the state of Pará to consult the population about the possibility of splitting the state of Pará into three different states (Pará, Tapajós and Carajás). Both Tapajós and Carajás were rejected by the population by approximate margins of 2:1.[1]

List of Brazilian states

Flag State Abbreviation Capital Area (km²) Area (sq mi) Population (2014) Density (2014) (km²) Density (2014) (sq mi) GDP (% total) (2012) GDP per capita (R$) (2012) HDI (2010) Literacy (2014) Infant mortality (2014) Life expectancy (2014)
45px Acre AC Rio Branco 152,581.4 58,912 790,101 4.47 13 9.629 (0.2%) 12.690 0.663 94% 16‰ 75.4
45px Alagoas AL Maceió 27,767.7 10,721 3,321,730 112.3 309 29.545 (0.7%) 9.333 0.631 90% 17‰ 73.5
45px Amapá AP Macapá 142,814.6 55,151 750,912 4.69 13 10.420 (0.2%) 14.914 0.708 99% 16‰ 75.4
45px Amazonas AM Manaus 1,570,745.7 606,470 3,873,743 2.23 6 64.120 (1.7%) 17.855 0.674 96% 19‰ 73.7
45px Bahia BA Salvador 564,692.7 218,030 15,126,371 24.82 69 167.727 (3.8%) 11.832 0.660 91% 20‰ 74.3
45px Ceará CE Fortaleza 148,825.6 57,462 8,842,791 56.8 153 90.132 (2.0%) 10.473 0.682 93% 16.5‰ 74.9
45px Distrito Federal DF Brasília 5,822.1 2,249.9 2,852,372 444.66 1,268 171.236 (3.9%) 64.653 0.824 98.8% 6.5‰ 79.8
45px Espírito Santo ES Vitória 46,077.5 17,791 3,885,049 76.25 218 107.329 (2.2%) 29.996 0.740 99% 4.8‰ 80.1
45px Goiás GO Goiânia 340,086.7 131,310 6,523,222 17.65 49 123.926 (2.4%) 20.134 0.735 97% 9‰ 75.9
45px Maranhão MA São Luís 331,983.3 128,180 6,850,884 19.81 53 58.920 (1.2%) 8.760 0.639 90% 19‰ 72.5
45px Mato Grosso MT Cuiabá 903,357.9 348,790 3,224,357 3.36 9 80.830 (1.5%) 25.945 0.725 94% 13‰ 74.6
45px Mato Grosso do Sul MS Campo Grande 357,125.0 137,890 2,619,657 6.86 19 54.471 (1.0%) 21.744 0.729 97% 7‰ 76.1
45px Minas Gerais MG Belo Horizonte 586,528.3 226,460 20,734,097 33.41 91 403.551 (9.2%) 20.324 0.731 98.6% 6.1‰ 78.7
45px Pará PA Belém 1,247,689.5 481,740 8,073,924 6.07 16 91.009 (1.9%) 11.678 0.646 94% 16‰ 74.2
45px Paraíba PB João Pessoa 56,439.8 21,792 3,943,885 66.70 180 38.731 (0.8%) 10.151 0.658 92% 17‰ 74.1
45px Paraná PR Curitiba 199,314.9 76,956 11,081,692 52.40 143 255.927 (5.8%) 24.194 0.749 98% 7‰ 77.8
45px Pernambuco PE Recife 98,311.6 37,958 9,277,727 89.62 244 117.340 (2.3%) 13.138 0.673 92% 19‰ 74.8
45px Piauí PI Teresina 251,529.2 97,726 3,194,178 12.4 32 25.721 (0.5%) 8.137 0.646 90% 18‰ 72.7
45px Rio de Janeiro RJ Rio de Janeiro 43,696.1 16,871 16,461,173 365.23 975 504.221 (11.5%) 31.064 0.761 99% 13‰ 77.1
45px Rio Grande do Norte RN Natal 52,796.8 20,385 3,408,510 59.99 167 39.544 (0.9%) 12.249 0.684 95.1% 13.8‰ 76.7
45px Rio Grande do Sul RS Porto Alegre 281,748.5 108,780 11,207,274 37.96 103 277.658 (6.3%) 25.779 0.746 99% 4‰ 79.3
45px Rondônia RO Porto Velho 237,576.2 91,729 1,748,531 6.58 19 29.362 (0.6%) 13.075 0.690 94.6% 18.5‰ 73.7
45px Roraima RR Boa Vista 224,299.0 86,602 496,936 2.01 5 7.314 (0.2%) 15.557 0.707 94.5% 15.1‰ 73.5
45px Santa Catarina SC Florianópolis 95,346.2 36,813 6,727,148 65.27 182 177.276 (4.0%) 27.771 0.774 99% 3.0‰ 81
45px São Paulo SP São Paulo 248,209.4 95,834 44,035,304 166.23 459 1,408.904 (32.1%) 33.624 0.783 99% 4.5‰ 79.8
45px Sergipe SE Aracaju 21,910.3 8,459.6 2,219,514 94.36 262 27.823 (0.6%) 13.180 0.665 93% 18‰ 73.0
45px Tocantins TO Palmas 277,620.9 107,190 1,496,880 4.98 13 19.530 (0.4%) 13.775 0.699 94% 17‰ 74.5

See also

References

External links

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