Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!)
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|Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!)|
|Studio album by The Beach Boys|
|Released||July 5, 1965|
|Recorded||February 24 / March 4–20 / June 4, 1965|
|Studio||United Western Recorders, Gold Star Studios, and CBS Columbia Square, Hollywood|
|The Beach Boys chronology|
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|The Beach Boys UK chronology|
|Singles from Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!)|
Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) is the ninth studio album by American rock band The Beach Boys, released on July 5, 1965 on Capitol. The release was their second in 1965. The album features Wall of Sound production and arrangements observable on the majority of the album's backing tracks, now regarded as benchmarks for Brian Wilson's growth as a songwriter-producer-arranger.[according to whom?]
After a dramatic shift in songwriting style on the band's previous Today!, leader Brian Wilson was reportedly[by whom?] questioned by Capitol Records to what his musical intentions were, urging him to make more "Beach Boys style music" for the next album.
Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) includes Bruce Johnston's first appearance on a Beach Boys album. As Brian's stage replacement, he was not yet considered an "official" member, but Brian Wilson appreciated Johnston's skills enough to have him contribute vocally and instrumentally on the album. Bruce would often accompany the group on photo shoots, but he was prohibited from having those pictures published on album covers due to a preexisting contract with Columbia Records. Consequently, his face would not grace the jacket of a Beach Boys' album until he appeared on the back cover of Wild Honey in 1967. Along with Johnston, Al Jardine is also missing from the Summer Days cover photo depicting the group on a sailboat; he had to miss the shoot due to illness.
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While on the surface,[according to whom?] Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) appeared to be a return to the carefree themes of 1964's All Summer Long, Brian Wilson had produced carefully woven, intricate backing tracks beneath lighthearted vocals featured on such songs as "Amusement Parks USA", "Then I Kissed Her" and "Salt Lake City". These backing tracks were even more elaborately arranged than what was featured on the previous effort Today!.[according to whom?] He also wrote and produced an instrumental featuring a lush string arrangement ("Summer Means New Love") and composed the all-familiar symphonic intro to their US #3 charting single "California Girls" (that intro being Brian's personal favorite of his entire songwriting career).[need quotation to verify] In hindsight, it's clear that Wilson was developing his skills that would be fully realized on his signature effort Pet Sounds the following year.[according to whom?]
The opening track, "The Girl from New York City", was a response to "The Boy from New York City", a hit by The Ad Libs earlier that year, and "Then I Kissed Her" was Brian's attempt to emulate the production style of Phil Spector. It reached number four hit in the UK in 1967 and was Al Jardine's first of two lead vocals on the album; the second being a re-recording of Today! track Help Me, Ronda which underwent a minor title revision to become "Help Me, Rhonda". Written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love, it would rise on the Billboard Top 40 charts to become The Beach Boys' second US number #1 charting single. "Girl Don't Tell Me", a Beatles-inspired song, featured Carl's second lead vocal on a Beach Boys album. Aside from "California Girls", the other notable major stylistic progression on Summer Days was "Let Him Run Wild", a Burt Bacharach-inspired track. Identical to the production style achieved on "California Girls", it became the flip-side song to that single.
The tongue-in-cheek track "I'm Bugged at My Ol' Man" was written as a not-too-subtle poke at the Wilsons' father Murry, who had been fired from his post as manager the previous year, though he did still occasionally show up to either support or criticize Brian in the studio.
One outtake from the album's sessions is known as "Sandy" or "Sherry She Needs Me", and was written by Brian Wilson with Russ Titelman alongside "Guess I'm Dumb". "Sherry She Needs Me" was later revisited by the Beach Boys during 1976 Love You sessions. The composition remained dormant until 1998, when it was finally finished by Wilson as "She Says That She Needs Me" for his 1998 Imagination solo album. The Beach Boys' version of "Sherry She Needs Me" was later released in 2013 for the Made in California box set.
Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) proved to be another gold-selling success for the Beach Boys in the US, where it hit number 2 behind The Rolling Stones's Out of Our Heads. Along with 1963's "Surfin USA" it remains the group's highest-charting studio album in the U.S. The following year, the album would reach number 4 in the UK. The album's lead single, "Help Me, Rhonda", topped the US Billboard Hot 100.
In a 2011 reappraisal, BBC Music observed that the track listing of Summer Days reads "like a Greatest Hits", and felt the album is unfairly disparaged for being "simply loaded with proud pop songs". Comparing to the Beach Boys' later work: "If Pet Sounds is the critics’ favorite, Summer Days is perhaps the people's day at the beach." That same year, the online journal Rocksucker praised the album, ranking it 4th in its list of "Ten Underappreciated Beach Boys LPs", but considers it "an inconsistent collection of which the high points are truly great and the low points ranging from merely good to just-about-passing-muster".
In the early 1970s, as part of Capitol Records' repackage series of their Beach Boys albums, Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) was retitled California Girls and deleted two tracks: "Amusement Parks, USA" and "I'm Bugged at My Ol' Man". The album was re-released in 1990s paired with The Beach Boys Today!; this package featured extensive liner notes and bonus tracks from that period. Until 2012, the album remained one of several early Beach Boys albums never mixed in true stereophonic sound.
Nine of the twelve songs on the album have been performed live by either The Beach Boys or Brian Wilson as a solo artist. "California Girls" and "Help Me, Rhonda" have become concert staples for both The Beach Boys and Brian Wilson, while "You're So Good to Me" has also been played at many Brian Wilson and Beach Boys tours, including during the band's 50th Anniversary Tour. Other tracks from the album that have been performed live include "The Girl from New York City", "Salt Lake City", and "Let Him Run Wild". "And Your Dream Comes True" and "Girl Don't Tell Me" have never been played live by The Beach Boys, but have been performed on several Brian Wilson tours.
Track listingAll songs written and composed by Brian Wilson and Mike Love, except where noted.
|1.||"The Girl from New York City"||Mike Love||1:54|
|2.||"Amusement Parks U.S.A."||Love/Brian Wilson||2:29|
|3.||"Then I Kissed Her" (Phil Spector/Ellie Greenwich/Jeff Barry)||Al Jardine||2:15|
|4.||"Salt Lake City"||Love/B. Wilson||2:00|
|5.||"Girl Don't Tell Me" (B. Wilson)||Carl Wilson||2:19|
|6.||"Help Me, Rhonda"||Jardine||2:46|
|2.||"Let Him Run Wild"||B. Wilson||2:20|
|3.||"You're So Good to Me"||B. Wilson||2:14|
|4.||"Summer Means New Love" (B. Wilson)||instrumental||1:59|
|5.||"I'm Bugged at My Ol' Man" (B. Wilson)||B. Wilson||2:17|
|6.||"And Your Dream Comes True"||The Beach Boys||1:04|
|2001 CD reissue bonus tracks|
|13.||"The Little Girl I Once Knew"||B. Wilson, Jardine with C. Wilson||2:40|
|14.||"Dance, Dance, Dance (Alternate take)" (B. Wilson/Carl Wilson/Love)||Love with B. Wilson||2:02|
|15.||"I'm So Young (Alternate take)" (William H. "Prez" Tyus, Jr.)||B. Wilson||2:29|
|16.||"Let Him Run Wild (Alternate take)"||B. Wilson||2:18|
|17.||"Graduation Day"||Love with B. Wilson||2:18|
- The Beach Boys
- Al Jardine – lead, harmony and backing vocals; electric rhythm guitar; hand claps
- Bruce Johnston – harmony and backing vocals; acoustic grand piano, hammond organ, celeste; hand claps
- Mike Love – lead, harmony and backing vocals; hand claps
- Brian Wilson – lead, harmony and backing vocals; bass guitar; acoustic upright piano; hammond organ; hand claps, timpani
- Carl Wilson – lead, harmony and backing vocals; lead, rhythm, acoustic and twelve-string guitar; hand claps
- Dennis Wilson – harmony and backing vocals; drums, tambourine, hand claps
- Additional musicians and production staff
- Israel Baker – violin
- Arnold Belnick – violin
- Hal Blaine – drums, timbales
- Chuck Britz – sound engineer
- Glen Campbell – electric guitar
- Frank Capp – vibraphone
- Roy Caton – trumpet
- Jerry Cole – twelve-string guitar
- Al De Lory – organ
- Joseph DiFlore – viola
- Steve Douglas – tenor saxophone
- James Getzoff – violin
- William Hinshaw – french horn
- Harry Hyams – viola
- Plas Johnson – tenor saxophone
- Carol Kaye – electric bass guitar
- Bernard Kundell – violin
- Jay Migliorii – baritone saxophone
- Leonard Malarsky – violin
- Jack Nimitz – bass saxophone
- Bill Pitman – electric guitar
- Ray Pohlman – bass guitar
- Lyle Ritz – upright bass
- Howard Roberts – guitar
- Leon Russell – piano
- Billy Lee Riley – harmonica
- Ralph Schaeffer – violin
- Sid Sharp – violin
- Billy Strange – rhythm guitar, ukulele; tambourine
- Ron Swallow – tambourine
- Tommy Tedesco – lead guitar
- Julius Wechter – claves
- Marilyn Wilson – harmony and backing vocals
- Tibor Zelig – violin
|1965||US Billboard 200 Albums Chart||2|
|1966||UK Top 40 Album Chart||4|
|1965||"Help Me, Rhonda"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||1|
|1965||"California Girls"||US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart||3|
- Badman 2004, p. 96.
- "Learn about The Beach Boys' 'Summer Days' album cover | Goldmine Magazine". Goldminemag.com. 2010-08-02. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- Badman 2004, p. 86.
- "Russ Titelman 35th Anniversary Salute". Billboard: 44. June 1996.
- Planer, Lindsay. "Unsurpassed Masters, Vol. 9 (1965): The Alternate "Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!!)". AllMusic.
- Unterberger, Richie. [[[:Template:Allmusic]] "Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) - The Beach Boys : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards"]. AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) - The Beach Boys Review,". Blender. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- The Virgin Encyclopedia Of Popular Music, Concise (4th Edition), Virgin Books (UK), 2002, ed. Larkin, Colin.
- The Rolling Stone Album Guide (3rd Edition) Random House (US), 1992, ed. Anthony DeCurtis ISBN 0-679-73729-4
- Roberts, Chris (2011). "Review". BBC Music. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Abrams, Jonny (2011). "Ten Underappreciated Beach Boys LPs: Summer Days (and Summer Nights!!)". Rocksucker. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "The Beach Boys Tour Statistics". setlist.fm. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Brian Wilson Tour Statistics". setlist.fm. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Craig Slowinski (2009). "The Beach Boys - The Beach Boys Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!)" (PDF). Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- Craig Slowinski (2007). "The Beach Boys - The Beach Boys Today!" (PDF). Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) - The Beach Boys: Awards". AllMusic.
- "UK Top 40 Hit Database". EveryHit.
- Badman, Keith (2004). The Beach Boys: The Definitive Diary of America's Greatest Band, on Stage and in the Studio. Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-818-6.
- Today! / Summer Days (and Summer Nights!!) CD booklet notes, David Leaf, c.1990.
- White, Timothy (1996). The Nearest Far Away Place: Brian Wilson, the Beach Boys, and the Southern California Experience. Henry Holt (P). ISBN 978-0-8050-4702-8.