Open Access Articles- Top Results for Surface water
Journal of Environmental Analytical ChemistryStatus of Heavy Metal in the Lower Gangetic Delta: Implication of Acidification on Compartmentation
Journal of Marine Science: Research & DevelopmentDecadal Change in the Surface Water Salinity Profile of Indian Sundarbans: A Potential Indicator of Climate Change
Hydrology: Current ResearchAssessing Land Cover/ Land Use Change and its Impacts on Surface Water Quality in the Ziarat Catchment, Golestan Province-Iran
Journal of Environmental & Analytical ToxicologyEvaluation of Surface Water Quality Impacted by Sewage Overflows from Animal and Residential Lagoon Systems using Principal Component Analysis
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic ChangeApplication of Isotopes and Recharge Analysis in Investigating Surface Water and Groundwater in Fractured Aquifer under Influence of Climate Variabil
|This article has an unclear citation style. (July 2014)|
Non-saline surface water is replenished by precipitation and by recruitment from ground-water. It is lost through evaporation, seepage into the ground where it becomes ground-water, used by plants for transpiration, extracted by mankind for agriculture, living, industry etc. or discharged to the sea where it becomes saline.
Conjunctive use of ground and surface water
Surface and ground water are two separate entities, so they must be regarded as such. However, there is an ever-increasing need for management of the two as they are part of an interrelated system that is paramount when the demand for water exceeds the available supply (Fetter 464). Depletion of surface and ground water sources for public consumption (including industrial, commercial, and residential) is caused by over-pumping. Aquifers near river systems that are over-pumped have been known to deplete surface water sources as well. Research supporting this has been found in numerous water budgets for a multitude of cities.
Response times for an aquifer are long (Young & Bredehoeft 1972). However, a total ban on ground water usage during water recessions would allow surface water to better retain levels required for sustainable aquatic life. By reducing ground water pumping, the surface water supplies will be able to maintain their levels, as they recharge from direct precipitation, runoff, etc.
- Applied Hydrogeology, Fourth Edition by C.W. Fetter.
- R.A. Young and J.D. Bredehoeft Digital simulation for solving management problems with conjunctive groundwater and surface water systems from Water Resources Research 8:533-56
- "Surface Water," Iowa State University