File:Susan Tyrrell Fat City.jpg|
Promotional photo, 1972
Susan Jillian Creamer|
March 18, 1945
San Francisco, California, U.S.
June 16, 2012 (aged 67)|
Austin, Texas, U.S.
Cause of death
|Notable work||Fat City, Andy Warhol's Bad, Cry-Baby, Forbidden Zone, Night Warning, Wizards|
John Belding Creamer
Susan Tyrrell (born Susan Jillian Creamer; March 18, 1945 – June 16, 2012), was an American actress who appeared in dozens of film, stage and television productions over a forty-year career, and had considerable success as a character actress. Born in San Francisco, California, Tyrrell began acting in theater in New York City in the 1960s, where she was in numerous Broadway and off Broadway productions before her film debut in 1971's Shoot Out. Her performance as Oma in John Huston's Fat City (1972) the following year earned her a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
In 1978, Tyrrell received the Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Andy Warhol's Bad (1977). Consisting of nearly 80 film and television credits, her work includes Forbidden Zone (1980), Tales of Ordinary Madness (1981), Night Warning (1982), Angel (1984) and its sequel, Avenging Angel (1985) and Cry-Baby (1990).
Early life and career
Tyrrell was born in San Francisco, California to Gillian (née Tyrrell 1913-2012); and John Creamer, who divorced. She had two sisters, Candace and Carole, and a half-brother, Peter from her father's remarriage. Her mother was from England and remarried to Thomas Hoyt; she was a socialite and member of the diplomatic corps in China and the Philippines during the 1930s and 1940s. Her father John was an agent with the William Morris Agency for Leo Carrillo, Loretta Young, Ed Wynn and Carole Lombard. Raised in New Canaan, Connecticut, she rebelled against her mother's expectations and received poor grades and was frequently expelled from school. As a teenager, she became estranged from her mother. Tyrrell landed her first role through her father, starring with Art Carney in the New York City theatrical production of Time Out for Ginger (1963); Although John persuaded Look magazine to follow her as she toured with the show, he died shortly afterwards from a reaction to a bee sting. Tyrrell made her Broadway debut in 1965 as a replacement in the comedy Cactus Flower. As a member of the Repertory Theatre of Lincoln Center, she was in the ensemble of a 1968 production of King Lear and revivals of The Time of Your Life (1969) and Camino Real (1970). Off-Broadway, Tyrrell appeared in the 1967 premiere of Lanford Wilson's The Rimers of Eldritch and a 1979 production of Father's Day at The American Place Theatre.
After the actress' film debut in Shoot Out (1971), her performance as Oma in John Huston's Fat City earned her a 1972 Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Tyrrell recalled in a 2000 interview how the 66-year-old director prepared her for the role by taking her on an alcohol-fuelled tour of northern California, during which Huston employed the casting couch: "I can't describe to you how horrible it was. Goddamn bastard. I still hate him."
Despite an Academy Award-nominated role, finding steady work was difficult:
"It was hell, I couldn't even get a job as a bad lady. I went up for bad lady parts and they’d say, 'You're too beautiful now. We thought you were a bad lady from Fat City'. Then I’d go up for beautiful parts and they’d say, 'You’re not beautiful enough'."
Tyrrell's next role was Emilia in Patrick McGoohan's Catch My Soul (1974), a film loosely based on Shakespeare's Othello. Other roles included a local woman in Jan Troell's Zandy's Bride (1974) and a sadomasochistic prostitute in Burt Kennedy's The Killer Inside Me (1976), a film adaptation of Jim Thompson's 1952 novel of the same name. In 1977 Tyrrell played warmhearted prostitute Lil in Franklin J. Schaffner's Islands in the Stream, an adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's 1970 novel. That year, her performance in Andy Warhol's Bad earned her the Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress. This was followed by roles as an institutionalized woman in Anthony Page's I Never Promised You a Rose Garden (1977), a film based on the Joanne Greenberg novel; Lisa Blount's scandalous mother in James Bridges' September 30, 1955 (1977) and a teacher in Claude Lelouch's Another Man, Another Chance (1977).
Tyrrell played the lewd Queen Doris in Richard Elfman's low-budget indie Forbidden Zone (1980), and was credited with a song ("Witch's Egg") in the film; its soundtrack was composed primarily by Elfman's younger brother Danny and his band, Oingo Boingo. Other roles included an incarcerated woman in the made-for-television film Willow B: Women in Prison (1980), a police officer's drug-addicted wife in Subway Riders (1981) and the provocative, offensive Vera in Tales of Ordinary Madness (1981). From 1981 to 1982, Tyrrell starred as an eccentric wife in ABC's short-lived situation comedy series Open All Night. She then played a woman harboring incestuous fantasies about her nephew in the exploitation horror film Night Warning (1982) and the madam of a local brothel in the prison drama Fast-Walking (1982).
In 1985 Tyrrell played Solly, a tough, foul-mouthed lesbian, in the sexploitation film Angel and its sequel, Avenging Angel. In the first film Solly sparred with co-star Dick Shawn over a game of cribbage; in the sequel, Solly acted as a den mother to a group of transvestite prostitutes and raised an abandoned baby. Roles as a pregnant prostitute in Paul Verhoeven's adventure film Flesh+Blood, a reporter in the Vincent Price anthology horror film From a Whisper to a Scream (1985) and a circus owner's extremely-small wife in Big Top Pee-wee (the 1988 sequel to 1985's Pee-wee's Big Adventure) followed.
The actress played the title character's grandmother in John Waters' Cry-Baby (1990); a lesbian vampire biker in the Tales from the Crypt episode, "Comes the Dawn" (1995); the voice of the disease-spreading ghost Achira in the two-part opening of Extreme Ghostbusters (1997); a hunted mayor of a futuristic city in the direct-to-video film The Demolitionist (1995); the mother of a lesbian daughter in the ensemble film Relax...It's Just Sex (1998), and an alcoholic mother in the psychological thriller film Buddy Boy (1999).
Later roles included a fortune teller in Bob Dylan's Masked and Anonymous (2003) and a high priestess in The Devil's Due at Midnight (2004). Tyrrell's final role (2012) was a woman trapped in a well in Nathan and David Zellner's Kid-Thing.
In early 2000, Tyrrell lost both legs below the knees as a result of blood clots from the rare blood disease essential thrombocythemia. In 2008 she moved to Austin, Texas to be closer to her niece, Amy Sweet, and died there on June 16, 2012. According to Sweet, Tyrrell kept a journal; a January 2012 entry read, "I demand my death be joyful and I never return again."
|Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up to Me||Jack|
|1972||Fat City||Oma|| New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress (2nd place)|
National Society of Film Critics Awards, Best Supporting Actress (2nd place)
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
|1974||Catch My Soul||Emilia|
|Zandy's Bride||Maria Cordova|
|1976||The Killer Inside Me||Joyce Lakeland|
|1977||Islands in the Stream||Lil|
|Andy Warhol's Bad||Mary Aiken||Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, Best Supporting Actress|
|I Never Promised You a Rose Garden||Lee|
|September 30, 1955||Melba Lou|
|Another Man, Another Chance||Alice|
|Wizards||Narrator||Voice role, uncredited|
|1980||The Forbidden Zone||Queen Doris of the Sixth Dimension|
|1981||Subway Riders||Eleanor Langley|
|Tales of Ordinary Madness||Vera|
|1982||Night Warning||Aunt Cheryl|
|1983||Fire and Ice||Juliana||Voice role|
|1986||The Christmas Star||Sara|
|1987||From a Whisper to a Scream||Beth|
|The Chipmunk Adventure||Claudia Furschtien||Voice role|
|1988||Big Top Pee-wee||Midge Montana|
|1995||The Demolitionist||Mayor Eleanor Grimbaum||Direct-to-video|
|Digital Man||Mildred Hodges|
|1997||Pink as the Day She Was Born||Lana|
|Poison Ivy: The New Seduction||Mrs. B|
|1998||Relax... It's Just Sex||Alicia Pillsbury|
|2003||Masked and Anonymous||Ella|
|2012||The Devil's Due at Midnight||High Priestess|
|1964||Mr. Novak (TV series)||Phyllis Freuchen||Episode: "Beyond a Reasonable Doubt"|
|1971||Bonanza||Mrs. Jill Conway||Episode: "Fallen Woman"|
|1976||Starsky and Hutch||Annie/Isabelle Oates||Episode: "The Collector"|
|1978||Kojak||Mary Torino||Episode: "In Full Command"|
|1981||Open All Night||Gretchen Feester||1981-82|
|1995||Tales from the Crypt (TV series)||Mona||Episode: "Comes the Dawn"|
|1997||Extreme Ghostbusters (animated TV series)||Achira (voice)||Episodes: "Darkness at Noon, Part 1", "Darkness at Noon, Part 2"|
Source:"Susan Tyrrell". IMDB. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
Awards and nominations
|1973||Fat City||NSFC Award||Best Supporting Actress||Nominated|
|Fat City||NYFCC Award||Best Supporting Actress||Nominated|
|Fat City||Academy Award||Best Supporting Actress||Nominated|
|1978||Andy Warhol's Bad||Saturn Award||Best Supporting Actress||Won|
Source:"Susan Tyrrell". IMDB. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Odam, Matthew. "Actress Susan Tyrell Dies at 67". Austin Movie Blog. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- http://www.salemnews.com/obituaries/x1951914371/Gillian-Tyrrell-Hoyt-100 accessed 8/17/2014
- "Susan Tyrrell biography". IMDB.com. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Simonson, Robert (19 Jun 2012). "Susan Tyrrell, Eccentric Presence of Stage and Film, Dies at 67". Playbill. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- Adams Sloan, Robin (Oct 2, 1972). "Susan Tyrrell, Electric Actress". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- McLellan, Dennis (June 20, 2012). "Susan Tyrrell dies at 67; actress an Oscar nominee for 'Fat City'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Susan Tyrrell". The Daily Telegraph (London). August 31, 2012.
- Musto, Michael (June 19, 2012). "Susan Tyrrell: "I Don't Like Watching My Tits Fall"". The Village Voice. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "S". IMDB.com. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Paul Cullum (November 1, 2000). "My So-Called Rotten Life Susan Tyrrell's sentimental journey through money, fame, sex and amputation". LA Weekly.
- Stengle, Jamie (June 19, 2012). "Susan Tyrrell Dead: Oscar Nominated Actress Dies at 67". Huffpost Celebrity. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- Susan Tyrrell at the Internet Movie Database
- Susan Tyrrell at the Internet Broadway Database
- LA Weekly: "My So-Called Rotten Life" by Paul Cullum (11 January 2000)
- Susan Tyrrell at Find a Grave
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