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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics %E2%80%93 Women%27s 200 metre breaststroke

Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
VenueOlympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin
Date8 August (heats)
9 August (semifinals)
11 August (final)
Competitors23 from 12 nations
Winning time3:03.6
Medalists
Gold medal  22x20px Japan
Silver medal  22x20px Germany
Bronze medal  22x20px Denmark
«19321948»
Swimming at the
1936 Summer Olympics
50px
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics, took place on August 8–11, at the Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the fourth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 23 competitors from 12 nations participated in the event.[1] The world record holder at the time, Japanese Hideko Maehata, won the event four years after losing the gold medal to Australian Clare Dennis by one tenth of a second. 14 year-old German silver medalist Martha Genenger broke the Olympic record in her heat on August 8, but Maebata broke it again in the next heat with a time of 3:01.9 seconds.[1] Danish Inge Sørensen won the bronze medal, becoming the youngest ever female Olympic medalist (12 years, 24 days).[2] Sørensen's compatriot Valborg Christensen was favoured to win a medal in this event, but she was eliminated after finishing fifth in her semifinal.[3]

Records

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record Template:Country data JPN 3:00.4 s Tokyo, Japan 30 September 1933 [4][5]
Olympic record 22x20px Clare Dennis (AUS) 3:06.3 s Los Angeles, United States 9 August 1932 [5][6]

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
August 8 Heat 2 Martha Genenger 22x20px Germany 3:02.9 OR
August 8 Heat 3 Hideko Maehata 22x20px Japan 3:01.9 OR

Results

Heats

The three fastest swimmers of each heat and the next two fastest swimmers overall (Hanni Hölzner and Dorothy Schiller) advanced to the semifinals on 9 August.[7]

Heat 1

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen 22x20px Denmark 3:06.7 Q
2 Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg 22x20px Sweden 3:08.7 Q
3 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg 22x20px Netherlands 3:10.4 Q
4 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner 22x20px Germany 3:11.0 q
5 Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller 22x20px United States 3:17.4 q
6 Kingston, VeraVera Kingston 22x20px Great Britain 3:21.7
7 Langdon, JoanJoan Langdon 22x20px Canada 3:24.3

Heat 2

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger 22x20px Germany 3:02.9 Q, OR
2 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein 22x20px Netherlands 3:07.8 Q
3 Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi 22x20px Japan 3:15.0 Q
4 Lappalainen, AnjaAnja Lappalainen 22x20px Finland 3:19.1
5 Govednik, AnnAnn Govednik 22x20px United States 3:25.3

Heat 3

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata 22x20px Japan 3:01.9 Q, OR
2 Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen 22x20px Denmark 3:07.8 Q
3 Gomm, MargaretMargaret Gomm 22x20px Great Britain 3:15.7 Q
4 Cummings, IrisIris Cummings 22x20px United States 3:21.9
5 Boubelová, EliškaEliška Boubelová 22x20px Czechoslovakia 3:25.8
6 Wyss, TennyTenny Wyss 22x20px Switzerland 3:31.3

Heat 3

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger 22x20px Germany 3:08.5 Q
2 Storey, DorisDoris Storey 22x20px Great Britain 3:10.8 Q
3 Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk 22x20px Brazil 3:17.2 Q
4 Nielsen, EdelEdel Nielsen 22x20px Denmark 3:21.3
5 Stroomberg, JoJo Stroomberg 22x20px Netherlands 3:22.5

Semifinals

The three fastest swimmers of both semifinals and the best fourth-place finisher advanced to the final on 11 August.[7]

Semifinal 1

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata 22x20px Japan 3:03.1 Q
2 Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen 22x20px Denmark 3:06.0 Q
3 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner 22x20px Germany 3:08.8 Q
4 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg 22x20px Netherlands 3:09.7 Q
5 Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger 22x20px Germany 3:10.3
6 Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk 22x20px Brazil 3:17.7

Semifinal 2

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger 22x20px Germany 3:02.8 Q
2 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein 22x20px Netherlands 3:09.2 Q
3 Storey, DorisDoris Storey 22x20px Great Britain 3:09.8 Q
4 Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg 22x20px Sweden 3:11.4
5 Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen 22x20px Denmark 3:14.1
6 Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi 22x20px Japan 3:18.4
7 Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller 22x20px United States 3:18.5

Final

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
File:Gold medal icon.svg Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata 22x20px Japan 3:03.6
File:Silver medal icon.svg Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger 22x20px Germany 3:04.2
File:Bronze medal icon.svg Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen 22x20px Denmark 3:07.8
4 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner 22x20px Germany 3:09.5
4 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg 22x20px Netherlands 3:09.5
6 Storey, DorisDoris Storey 22x20px Great Britain 3:09.7
7 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein 22x20px Netherlands 3:12.8

References

General

Specific

  1. ^ a b "Swimming at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Sherwani, Sabey (August 24, 2008). "Who is the youngest Olympic gold medallist?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Vinson, Maribel Y. (July 19, 1936). "Women in Sports". The New York Times (Arthur Hays Sulzberger). p. S2. 
  4. ^ "Japanese Natators Broke 11 Records". The Washington Post (Eugene Meyer). December 24, 1936. p. 16. 
  5. ^ a b Limpert 1937, p. 971.
  6. ^ "Olympic Records Yesterday; Swimming". The New York Times (Arthur Hays Sulzberger). August 9, 1936. p. S1. 
  7. ^ a b Limpert 1937, p. 972.