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Open Access Articles- Top Results for TMPRSS2

TMPRSS2

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Identifiers
SymbolsTMPRSS2 ; PP9284; PRSS10
External IDsOMIM602060 MGI1354381 HomoloGene4136 IUPHAR: 2421 ChEMBL: 1795140 GeneCards: TMPRSS2 Gene
EC number3.4.21.-
RNA expression pattern
File:PBB GE TMPRSS2 205102 at tn.png
File:PBB GE TMPRSS2 211689 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez711350528
EnsemblENSG00000184012ENSMUSG00000000385
UniProtO15393Q9JIQ8
RefSeq (mRNA)NM_001135099NM_015775
RefSeq (protein)NP_001128571NP_056590
Location (UCSC)Chr 21:
42.84 – 42.9 Mb
Chr 16:
97.56 – 97.61 Mb
PubMed search[1][2]

Transmembrane protease, serine 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TMPRSS2 gene.[1][2]

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the serine protease family. The encoded protein contains a type II transmembrane domain, a receptor class A domain, a scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain and a protease domain. Serine proteases are known to be involved in many physiological and pathological processes. This gene was demonstrated to be up-regulated by androgenic hormones in prostate cancer cells and down-regulated in androgen-independent prostate cancer tissue. The protease domain of this protein is thought to be cleaved and secreted into cell media after autocleavage. The biological function of this gene is unknown.[2]

ERG gene fusion

TMPRSS2 protein's function in prostate carcinogenesis relies on overexpression of ETS transcription factors, such as ERG and ETV1, through gene fusion. TMPRSS2-ERG fusion gene is the most frequent, present in 40% - 80% of prostate cancers in humans. ERG overexpression contributes to development of androgen-independence in prostate cancer through disruption of androgen receptor signaling.[3]

References

  1. ^ Paoloni-Giacobino A, Chen H, Peitsch MC, Rossier C, Antonarakis SE (Nov 1997). "Cloning of the TMPRSS2 gene, which encodes a novel serine protease with transmembrane, LDLRA, and SRCR domains and maps to 21q22.3". Genomics 44 (3): 309–20. PMID 9325052. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.4845. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: TMPRSS2 transmembrane protease, serine 2". 
  3. ^ Yu J, Yu J, Mani RS, Cao Q, Brenner CJ, Cao X, Wang X, Wu L, Li J, Hu M, Gong Y, Cheng H, Laxman B, Vellaichamy A, Shankar S, Li Y, Dhanasekaran SM, Morey R, Barrette T, Lonigro RJ, Tomlins SA, Varambally S, Qin ZS, Chinnaiyan AM. (2010). "An integrated network of androgen receptor, polycomb, and TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusions in prostate cancer progression". Cancer Cell 17 (5): 443–54. PMC 2874722. PMID 20478527. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2010.03.018. 

Further reading

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