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Tabsur

Tabsur (Khirbat 'Azzun)
Arabic (تبصر(خربة عزون
Also spelled Tabsar, Khirbet 'Azzun
Subdistrict Tulkarm
Coordinates

32°11′36.27″N 34°52′38.06″E / 32.1934083°N 34.8772389°E / 32.1934083; 34.8772389Coordinates: 32°11′36.27″N 34°52′38.06″E / 32.1934083°N 34.8772389°E / 32.1934083; 34.8772389{{#coordinates:32|11|36.27|N|34|52|38.06|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 138/177
Area 5,328 dunams
Date of depopulation 3 April 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Secondary cause Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ra'anana[2] and Batzra[2]

Tabsur (Arabic: تبصر‎), also Khirbat 'Azzun (Arabic: خربة عزون‎), was a Palestinian village located 19 kilometres southwest of Tulkarem. In 1931, the village had 231 houses and an elementary school for boys. It was depopulated before the outbreak of 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[3]

History

Tabsur was established prior to the middle of the nineteenth-century on an archaeological site.[4] The village contained archaeological remains, including the foundations of a building, a well, fragments of mosaic pavement, and tombs.[2]

In the late nineteenth century, Tabsur was described as a moderate-sized hamlet with a well to the north.[5] It was later classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer.[4]

During the British Mandate an elementary school for boys was established in the village. The village also had a few shops. In 1944/45 a total of 1,602 dunums was allocated to cereals, while 24 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[2]

The Arabs of Tabsur were ordered to leave by the Haganah on 3 April 1948 as part of its policy of evacuating Arab villages on the coastal plain.[6] The villagers left on 16 April 1948.[6]

Ra'anana was established south of Tabsur in 1921. Now a city, some of its suburbs have expanded into land that once belonged to the village. Batzra, founded in 1946 on village land, lies to the north.[2]

In 1992, the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi wrote: "The village has been completely covered with Israeli citrus orchards, making it difficult to distinguish from the surrounding lands. Citrus and cypress trees grow on the village land."[2]

The estimated number of Palestinian refugees from Tabsur in 1998 was 2,406.[3]

See also

References

  1. Morris, 2004, p.xviii village #192. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Khalidi, 1992, p. 562
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Welcome to Tabsur". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Khalidi, 1992, p. 561
  5. Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 135. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 561
  6. 6.0 6.1 Morris, 2004, p.245

Bibliography

External links