Telecommunications in Bolivia includes radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
Radio and television
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 171, FM 73, shortwave 77 (1999).
- Television broadcast stations: 48 (1997).
- Bolivia has a large number of radio and TV stations broadcasting with private media outlets dominating. There has been a recent, rapid growth of state-owned media, including a network of community radios. State-owned and private radio and TV stations generally operate freely, although both pro-government and anti-government groups have attacked media outlets in response to their reporting (2010).
- International calling code: 591.
- Fixed lines: 880,600 lines in use, 80th in the world (2012).
- Mobile cellular: 9.494 million telephones, 82nd in the world (2012).
- Satellite earth stations: 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011).
The Bolivian National Telecommunications Company was privatized in 1995 but re-nationalized in 2007; the primary trunk system is being expanded and employs digital microwave radio relay; some areas are served by fiber-optic cable; system operations, reliability, and coverage have steadily improved. Most telephones are concentrated in La Paz, Santa Cruz, and other capital cities; mobile-cellular telephone use expanding rapidly and, in 2011, teledensity reached about 80 per 100 persons.
- Internet hosts: 180,988 hosts, 75th in the world (2012).
- Internet users: 3.5 million users, 75th in the world; 34% of the population, 125th in the world (2012).
- Fixed access: 111,029 subscriptions, 99th in the world; 1.1% of population, 139th in the world (2014).
- Mobile access: 690,768 subscriptions, 83rd in the world; 6.7% of the population, 101th in the world (2014).
- Average connection speed: 1.1 Mbit/s, 54th in the world (2014).
- IPv4 addresses: 561,920 (2012).
- Top-level domain: .bo.
Internet censorship and surveillance
There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet. The Bolivian constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press. Although the government generally respects these rights, in at least two cases in 2012, the government used the anti-racism law to restrict both rights. Some senior government officials also verbally harassed members of the press corps. Bolivian law prohibits arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence and the government generally respects these prohibitions, but there have been allegations that the government does not always respect the law. Defamation remains a criminal offence.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Communications: Bolivia", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 21 April 2015.
- ^ a b "Bolivia country profile: Media", BBC News', 2 August 2012.
- ^ "Internet hosts", CIA World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 2012, accessed 17 June 2013
- ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- ^ a b Statistics, International Telecommunication Union official website.
- ^ Akamai Technologies. "Akamai's State Of The Internet" (PDF). Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- ^ "Allocation of IP addresses by Country", Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- ^ a b c "Bolivia", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 20 March 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.