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Tennessee's 1st congressional district

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This page is a soft redirect.Tennessee's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.

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This page is a soft redirect. Phil Roe (RJohnson City) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Tennessee's 1st congressional district

The Tennessee 1st Congressional District is the congressional district of northeast Tennessee, including all of Carter, Cocke, Greene, Hamblen, Hancock, Hawkins, Johnson, Sullivan, Unicoi, and Washington counties and parts of Jefferson County and Sevier County. Cities and towns represented within the district include Blountville, Bristol, Church Hill, Elizabethton, Erwin, Greeneville, Johnson City, Jonesborough, Kingsport, Morristown, Mountain City, Newport, Pigeon Forge, Roan Mountain, Rogersville, Sneedville, Sevierville and Tusculum. The 1st District's seat in the U.S. House of Representatives has been held by Republicans since 1881.

The district was created in 1805 when the [[Tennessee's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.At-large seat]] was divided among multiple districts.

The district's current Congressman, Phil Roe was first elected in 2008 after defeating one-term incumbent David Davis in the Republican primary[2]

Political characteristics

The 1st has generally been a very secure voting district for the Republican Party since the American Civil War, and is one of only two ancestrally Republican districts in the state (the other being the neighboring 2nd district).
File:Jackson Johnson TN1st.jpg
Democratic
U.S. Representatives Andrew Jackson (1796-1797, at large) and Andrew Johnson (1843-1853, 1st) represented this area and later served as President of the United States
Republicans (or their antecedents) have held the seat continuously since 1881 and for all but four years since 1859, while Democrats (or their antecedents) have held the congressional seat for all but eight years from when Andrew Jackson was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1796 (as the state's single at large representative) up to the term of Albert Galiton Watkins ending in 1859.

Andrew Johnson later ascended to the office of President of the United States.

The 1st was one of four districts in Tennessee whose congressmen did not resign when Tennessee seceded from the Union in 1861. Thomas Amos Rogers Nelson was reelected as a Unionist (the name used by a coalition of Republicans, northern Democrats and anti-Confederate Southern Democrats) to the Thirty-seventh Congress, but he was arrested by Confederate troops while en route to Washington, D.C. and taken to Richmond. Nelson was paroled and returned home to Jonesborough, where he kept a low profile for the length of his term.[3]

Like the rest of East Tennessee, slavery was not as common in this area as the rest of the state due to its mountain terrain, which was dominated by small farms instead of plantations.[4] The district was also the home of the first exclusively abolitionist periodicals in the nation, The Manumission Intelligencer and The Emancipator, founded in Jonesborough by Elihu Embree in 1819.[5]

Due to these factors, this area supported the Union over the Confederacy in the Civil War, and identified with the Republican Party after Tennessee was readmitted to the Union in 1867, electing candidates representing the Republican-related Unionist Party both before and after the war. This allegiance continues to this day, with Republicans dominating every level of government. While a few Democratic pockets exist in the district's urban areas, they are not enough to sway the district.

The district typically gives its congressmen long tenures in Washington. Only eight people have represented it since 1921.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1805
75px John Rhea Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1815
Redistricted from the [[Tennessee's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.at-large district]]
Samuel Powell Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px John Rhea Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John Blair Jacksonian
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William B. Carter Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Thomas D. Arnold Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Retired
75px Andrew Johnson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1853
Elected Governor of Tennessee
Brookins Campbell Democratic March 4, 1853 –
December 25, 1853
Died
Vacant December 25, 1853 –
March 30, 1854
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Nathaniel G. Taylor Whig March 30, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
Lost re-election
Albert G. Watkins Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Retired
75px Thomas A. R. Nelson Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Re-elected in 1860, but captured en route to Congress and failed to take his seat in 1861
Civil War and Reconstruction
75px Nathaniel G. Taylor Unionist July 24, 1866 – March 3, 1867 Retired
75px Roderick R. Butler Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1875
Lost re-election
William McFarland Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px James H. Randolph Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Robert L. Taylor Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Augustus H. Pettibone Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Roderick R. Butler Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Alfred A. Taylor Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William C. Anderson Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Walter P. Brownlow Republican March 4, 1897 –
July 8, 1910
Died
Vacant July 9, 1910 –
November 7, 1910
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Zachary D. Massey Republican November 8, 1910 –
March 3, 1911
Retired
Sam R. Sells Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px B. Carroll Reece Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1931
Lost renomination to Oscar Lovette
Oscar B. Lovette Republican March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination
75px B. Carroll Reece Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1947
Retired to serve as chairman of the Republican National Committee
Dayton E. Phillips Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1951
Lost renomination
75px B. Carroll Reece Republican January 3, 1951 –
March 19, 1961
Died
Vacant March 20, 1961 –
May 15, 1961
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
75px Louise Reece Republican May 16, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
Elected to finish her husband's term
Retired
75px Jimmy Quillen Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1997
Retired
75px William L. Jenkins Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2007
Retired
75px David Davis Republican January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
Lost renomination
75px Phil Roe Republican January 3, 2009 –
present
First elected in 2008

Historical district boundaries

File:TN01 109.gif
2003 - 2013

See also

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Source

References

Coordinates: 36°12′45″N 82°48′00″W / 36.21250°N 82.80000°W / 36.21250; -82.80000{{#coordinates:36|12|45|N|82|48|00|W|region:US_type:city_source:kolossus-eswiki |primary |name= }}