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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Tennis at the Summer Olympics

Tennis at the Summer Olympics

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Tennis at the Summer Olympics
File:Tennis pictogram.svg

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Governing body ITF
Events 5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
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1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992

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Tennis

Tennis (lawn tennis) was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

Starting from the 2004 Athens Olympics, results from the Olympics count towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year. While the ranking points distribution do not equate to those of the points handed out at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with many players, critics and sports pundits consider winning the gold at the Olympics, just as prestigious as, or more prestigious than, winning a Grand Slam title,[5][6] and the records of leading players often includes reference to Olympic gold medals when discussing records in Grand Slams.[7] A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events is said to have won a Golden Slam.

Surface

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events

(d) = demonstration event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Men's singles (d) (d) 14
Men's singles (indoor) 2
Men's doubles (d) 14
Men's doubles (indoor) 2
Women's singles (d) (d) 12
Women's singles (indoor) 2
Women's doubles (d) 9
Mixed doubles (d) 5
Mixed doubles (indoor) 1
Total Events 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 61

Participating nations

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
22x20px Algeria 1 1 2
22x20px Argentina 5 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 9
22x20px Armenia 1 1 1 3
22x20px Australasia 1 1
22x20px Australia 1 1 2 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 9
22x20px Austria 3 3 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 10
22x20px Bahamas 2 2 2 2 2 5
22x20px Belarus 2 4 2 5 3 5
22x20px Belgium 16 8 1 3 3 3 2 5 6
22x20px Benin 1 1
22x20px Bermuda 1 1
22x20px Bohemia 1 4 8 3
22x20px Bolivia 1 1
22x20px Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1
22x20px Brazil 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 9
22x20px Bulgaria 2 3 2 1 1 2 6
22x20px Canada 3 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 9
22x20px Chile 2 1 2 2 2 2 6
22x20px China 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 8
22x20px Chinese Taipei 1 3 2 1 3 3 6
22x20px Colombia 2 2 4 3
22x20px Costa Rica 1 1
22x20px Ivory Coast 1 2 1
22x20px Croatia 2 4 5 5 1 2 6
22x20px Cyprus 1 1 2
22x20px Czech Republic 4 7 8 11 8 5
22x20px Czechoslovakia 7 5 5 5 4
22x20px Denmark 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 11
22x20px Dominican Republic 1 1
22x20px Ecuador 4 3 1 3
22x20px El Salvador 1 1
22x20px Estonia 2 2 2
22x20px Finland 4 1 1 1 1 5
22x20px France 1 14 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 15
22x20px Georgia 2 1
22x20px Germany 1 1 5 7 6 3 5 4 2 7 10
22x20px Great Britain 2 6 22 11 8 10 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 14
22x20px Greece 7 1 3 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 10
22x20px Haiti 1 1 1 1 4
22x20px Hong Kong 1 1
22x20px Hungary 1 3 6 5 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 11
22x20px India 6 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 9
22x20px Indonesia 1 3 5 2 2 2 6
22x20px Ireland 4 2 2 2 4
22x20px Israel 1 4 1 3 4 3 6
22x20px Italy 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 11
22x20px Japan 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 9
22x20px Kazakhstan 3 1
22x20px Latvia 2 1 2
22x20px Liechtenstein 1 1
22x20px Luxembourg 1 1 1 2 1 5
22x20px Madagascar 2 2 1 3
22x20px Mexico 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 7
22x20px Morocco 1 2 1 1 2 5
22x20px Netherlands 2 1 5 1 1 5 5 3 2 9
22x20px New Zealand 3 1 1 1 4
22x20px Nigeria 1 3 1 3
22x20px Norway 7 3 4 2 1 1 6
22x20px Paraguay 2 2 1 1 3
22x20px Peru 3 2 1 3
22x20px Philippines 1 1
22x20px Poland 1 3 2 2 6 7 6
22x20px Portugal 1 2 2 2 4
22x20px Puerto Rico 3 1 2 1 4
22x20px Romania 3 5 4 3 2 2 5 7
22x20px Russia 2 4 5 9 9 10 6
22x20px Serbia and Montenegro 1 1
22x20px Serbia 4 6 2
22x20px Slovakia 5 5 7 4 4 5
22x20px Slovenia 4 3 4 4 4
22x20px South Africa 3 3 5 4 6 6 5 2 8
22x20px Soviet Union 4 7 2
22x20px South Korea 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 7
22x20px Spain 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 11
22x20px Sweden 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 13
22x20px Switzerland 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 10
22x20px Thailand 2 2 3 2 1 3
22x20px Togo 1 1
22x20px Tunisia 1 1 2 3
22x20px Ukraine 2 2 4 2 4
22x20px Unified Team 5 1
22x20px United States 5 35 1 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 13
22x20px Uruguay 1 1
22x20px Uzbekistan 2 1 1 1 4
22x20px Venezuela 3 4 1 1 4
22x20px West Germany 4 3 5 3
22x20px Yugoslavia 1 2 3 3
22x20px Zimbabwe 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12

Medal tables

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2012)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States United States (USA) 20 5 11 36
2 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 17 15 12 44
3 France France (FRA) 5 6 8 19
4 South Africa South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
5 Germany Germany (GER) 2 5 2 9
6 Russia Russia (RUS) 2 3 2 7
7 Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
8 Chile Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
9 Spain Spain (ESP) 1 7 3 11
10 Mixed team Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
11 Australia Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
12 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 2 4
13 Belarus Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
Belgium Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
China China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
West Germany West Germany (FRG) 1 0 1 2
17 Canada Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
18 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 0 3 5 8
19 Czech Republic Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 1 2
20 Japan Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
21 Argentina Argentina (ARG) 0 1 4 5
22 Greece Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
24 Austria Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
Denmark Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
26 Croatia Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
27 Unified Team Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
28 Australasia Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
Bohemia Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
Bulgaria Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
Hungary Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
India India (IND) 0 0 1 1
Italy Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
Norway Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
Serbia Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1988–2012

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States United States (USA) 13 2 6 21
2 Germany Germany (GER) 2 3 2 7
Russia Russia (RUS) 2 3 2 7
4 Chile Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
5 Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 2 1 0 3
6 Spain Spain (ESP) 1 7 3 11
7 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 1 2 0 3
8 Australia Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
9 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 3
10 Belarus Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
Belgium Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
China China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
12 Canada Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
13 France France (FRA) 0 2 2 4
14 Czech Republic Czech Republic (CZE) 0 2 1 3
15 Argentina Argentina (ARG) 0 1 3 4
16 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
17 Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
South Africa South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
19 Croatia Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
20 Unified Team Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
21 Bulgaria Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
India India (IND) 0 0 1 1
Serbia Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1896–1924

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 15 12 12 39
2 United States United States (USA) 7 3 5 15
3 France France (FRA) 5 4 6 15
4 South Africa South Africa (RSA) 3 1 1 5
5 Mixed team Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
6 Germany Germany (GER) 1 2 1 4
7 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 0 2 3 5
8 Japan Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
9 Greece Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
10 Austria Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
Denmark Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12 Australasia Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
Bohemia Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 1
Hungary Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
Italy Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
Norway Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Multiple medal winners (1896–2012)

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 23x15px Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
23x15px Venus Williams 4 0 0 4
3 23x15px Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 23x15px Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
5 23x15px Lawrence Doherty 2 0 1 3
23x15px Mary Joe Fernandez 2 0 1 3
23x15px Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
23x15px Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
9 23x15px John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
23x15px Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
23x15px Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
23x15px André Gobert 2 0 0 2
23x15px Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
23x15px Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
23x15px Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
23x15px Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
23x15px Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
23x15px Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
19 23x15px Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
20 23x15px Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
21 23x15px Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
23x15px Fernando González 1 1 1 3
23x15px Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
23x15px Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
25 23x15px Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
23x15px Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
23x16px Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
23x15px Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
23x15px Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
23x15px Andy Murray 1 1 0 2
23x15px Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
23x15px Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
23x15px Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
34 23x15px Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
35 23x15px Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
23x15px Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
23x15px Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
23x15px Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
23x15px Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
23x15px Miloslav Mečíř 1 0 1 2
41 23x15px Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
23x15px Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
43 23x15px Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
23x15px Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
23x15px Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
46 23x15px George Caridia 0 2 0 2
23x15px Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
23x15px Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
23x15px Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Template:Country data JPN Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
23x15px Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
23x15px Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
23x15px Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
23x15px Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
55 23x15px Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
23x15px Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
57 23x15px Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
23x15px Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
23x15px Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
23x15px Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
23x15px Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
23x15px Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

Points distribution

The Association of Tennis Professionals and the Women's Tennis Association tours award ranking points, for singles players only, who compete at the Summer Olympics.[8][9] Those points will only apply during that corresponding calendar year.

Stage Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal Fourth Place Quarterfinals Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64
Men's singles 750 450 340 270 135 70 35 5
Women's singles 685 470 340 260 175 95 55 1

See also

References

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams - What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ Mark Hodgkinson (June 29, 2012). "Olympic gold means more to Graf than Grand Slam wins". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "ITF and ATP announce Olympic agreement". itftennis.com. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Ranking Points". itftennis.com. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links