Texas League logo
|No. of teams||8|
|Most recent champion(s)||Midland RockHounds|
|Official website||Official Website|
The Texas League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the South Central United States. It is classified a Double-A league. The league was founded in 1888 and ran through 1892. It was revived as a class D league in 1902, moved to class C in 1904 where it played through 1910 (except for 1906 as class D again), played at class B until 1920, and finally moved up to class A in 1921. The Texas League, like many others, shut down during World War II. From 1959 to 1961, the Texas League and the Mexican League formed the Pan American Association. The two leagues played a limited interlocking schedule and post-season championship. In 1971, the Texas League and the Southern League were both down to seven teams. They played an interlocking schedule with the SL known as the Dixie Association. The two leagues played separate playoffs.
Despite the league's name, only its four South Division teams are actually based in Texas; the four North Division teams are located in surrounding states of Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Missouri. The league maintains its headquarters in San Antonio.
The League's name is well known due to its association with a particular aspect of the game. A bloop single that drops between the infielders and outfielders has been called a Texas Leaguer since the 1890s, despite no evidence that it originated in the Texas League, or was any more common there than elsewhere. There is a common thread throughout Civil War anecdotes that refer to a game played 30 years earlier in the Sabine Pass area. As the story goes, a Union soldier hit a ball over the outfielder's head, leading him into a long chase for the ball which resulted in a bullet wound from a nearby sniper. After the incident, hits were only awarded for balls that landed between the infielders and outfielders.
In recent years, the Texas League has witnessed a great deal of change. Teams once known as the Jackson Mets, El Paso Diablos, Shreveport Captains, and Wichita Wranglers have all relocated to new cities and bigger stadiums.
|North||Arkansas Travelers||Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim||North Little Rock, Arkansas||Dickey-Stephens Park||7,200 |
|Northwest Arkansas Naturals||Kansas City Royals||Springdale, Arkansas||Arvest Ballpark||7,305 |
|Springfield Cardinals||St. Louis Cardinals||Springfield, Missouri||Hammons Field||10,486 |
|Tulsa Drillers||Los Angeles Dodgers||Tulsa, Oklahoma||ONEOK Field||7,833 |
|South||Corpus Christi Hooks||Houston Astros||Corpus Christi, Texas||Whataburger Field||7,050 |
|Frisco RoughRiders||Texas Rangers||Frisco, Texas||Dr Pepper Ballpark||10,316 |
|Midland RockHounds||Oakland Athletics||Midland, Texas||Security Bank Ballpark||6,669 |
|San Antonio Missions||San Diego Padres||San Antonio, Texas||Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium||9,200 |
Current team rosters
Texas League Timeline
<timeline> DateFormat = yyyy ImageSize = width:1000 height:auto barincrement:20 Period = from:1946 till:2014 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal PlotArea = right:20 left:0 bottom:50 top:5 #> to display a count on left side of graph, use "left:20" to suppress the count, use "left:20"<# Colors = id:barcolor
id:line value:pink id:bg value:white id:Full value:rgb(0.742,0.727,0.852) # Use this color to denote a team that is a current league member id:OtherC1 value:rgb(0.996,0.996,0.699) # Use this color to denote a team that has moved to another current league id:OtherC2 value:rgb(0.988,0.703,0.383) # Use this color to denote a team that has moved to a now defunct league where OtherC1 has already been used, to distinguish the two
width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:s bar:1 color:Full from:1946 till:1956 text:Beaumont Exporters/Roughnecks (1946-1955)
bar:2 color:Full from:1946 till:1959 text:Dallas Rebels/Eagles/Rangers (1946-1958) bar:3 color:Full from:1946 till:1959 text:Fort Worth Cats (1946-1958; 1964) bar:3 color:OtherC2 from:1959 till:1960 bar:3 color:Full from:1964 till:1965
bar:4 color:Full from:1946 till:1959 text:Houston Buffaloes (1946-1958) bar:4 color:OtherC2 from:1959 till:1962
bar:5 color:Full from:1946 till:1958 text:Oklahoma City Indians (1946-1957)
bar:6 color:Full from:1946 till:1965 text:San Antonio Missions/Bullets/Brewers/Dodgers (1946-1964; 1968-present) bar:6 color:Full from:1968 till:end
bar:7 color:Full from:1946 till:1958 text:Shreveport Sports/Braves/Captains/Swamp Dragons (1946-1957; 1968-2002) bar:7 color:OtherC2 from:1959 till:1962 bar:7 color:Full from:1968 till:2003 bar:7 color:Full from:2003 till:end text:Frisco RoughRiders (2003-present)
bar:8 color:Full from:1946 till:1966 text:Tulsa Oilers (1946-1965) bar:8 color:OtherC1 from:1966 till:1969 text:PCL bar:8 color:OtherC2 from:1969 till:1977
bar:9 color:Full from:1956 till:1968 text:Austin Senators/Braves (1956-1967)
bar:10 color:Full from:1958 till:1962 text:Corpus Christi/Rio Grande Valley Giants (1958-1961)
bar:11 color:Full from:1958 till:1962 text:Victoria Rosebuds (1958-1961)
bar:12 color:Full from:1959 till:1964 text:Amarillo Gold Sox (1959-1963; 1976-1982) bar:12 color:Full from:1976 till:1983 bar:12 color:Full from:1983 till:1987 text:Beaumont Golden Gators (1983-1986)
bar:13 color:Full from:1962 till:1972 text:Albuquerque Dukes (1962-1971) bar:13 color:OtherC1 from:1972 till:2001
bar:14 color:Full from:1962 till:1971 text:El Paso Sun Kings/Dodgers/Diablos (1962-1970; 1972-2004) bar:14 color:Full from:1972 till:2005 bar:14 color:OtherC2 from:2005 till:2012
bar:15 color:Full from:1965 till:1975 text:Amarillo Sonics/Giants (1965-1974)
bar:16 color:Full from:1965 till:1972 text:Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs (1965-1971)
bar:17 color:OtherC1 from:1963 till:1966 bar:17 color:Full from:1966 till:end text:Arkansas Travelers (1966-present)
bar:18 color:Full from:1968 till:end text:Memphis Blues; Victoria Toros; Jackson Mets/Generals; Round Rock Express; Corpus Christi Hooks (1968-present)
bar:19 color:Full from:1972 till:1976 text:Alexandria Aces (1972-1975)
bar:20 color:Full from:1972 till:end text:Midland RockHounds/Cubs/Angels (1972-present)
bar:21 color:Full from:1975 till:end text:Lafayette/Tulsa Drillers (1975-present)
bar:22 color:Full from:1987 till:end text:Wichita Pilots/Wranglers; Northwest Arkansas Naturals (1987-present)
bar:23 color:Full from:2005 till:end text:Springfield Cardinals (2005-present)
ScaleMajor = gridcolor:line unit:year increment:4 start:1946 TextData =
text:^"Texas League Timeline"
- > If the chart uses more than one bar color, add a legend by selecting the appropriate fields from the following three options (use only the colors that are used in the graphic.) Leave a blank line after the end of the timeline, then add a line with the selected values from the list, separated by a space. League members Other Current League Other Defunct League <# </timeline>
League members Other Current League Other Defunct League
- In 1971, the Southern League and Texas League were both down to 7 teams so they formed the Dixie Association for one season. They played interlocking schedules but held their own separate playoffs.
Complete list of Texas League teams (1902-)
League champions and award winners (1915-present)
Hall of fame
- List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues — the Texas League in the context of leagues all over the world.
- "Baseball in the Lone Star State: Texas League's Greatest Hits," Tom Kayser and David King, Trinity University Press 2005
- "Dickey-Stephens Park". Arkansas Diamonds: The Ballparks of Arkansas and Their History. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Bergeron, Angela (2008). "Feature Story - August 2008". Engineering News-Record (McGraw-Hill). Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Mock, Joe. "Hammons Field in Springfield, MO". Baseball Parks. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- "ONEOK Field". Tulsa Sports Commission. 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse. "Whataburger Field / Corpus Christi Hooks". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse (14 November 2012). "Dr Pepper Ballpark / Frisco RoughRiders". Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Security Bank Ballpark". Stadiums USA. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Knight, Graham. "Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Texas League official website