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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Thoracic cavity

Thoracic cavity

Thoracic cavity
Details
Latin Cavitas thoracis, cavum thoracis
Identifiers
Gray's p.524
Dorlands
/Elsevier
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Anatomical terminology
File:Gray846.png
Thoracic cavity seen from left. Lungs, among others removed.

The thoracic cavity (or chest cavity) is the chamber of the human body (and other animal bodies) that is protected by the thoracic wall (rib cage and associated skin, muscle, and fascia).

The thoracic cavity includes the tendons as well as the cardiovascular system which could be damaged from injury to the back, spine or the neck.

Structure

Structures within the thoracic cavity include:

It contains three potential spaces lined with mesothelium: the paired pleural cavities and the pericardial cavity. The mediastinum comprises those organs which lie in the centre of the chest between the lungs.

Clinical significance

If the pleural cavity is breached from the outside, as by a bullet wound or knife wound, a pneumothorax, or air in the cavity, may result. If the volume of air is significant, one or both lungs may collapse, which requires immediate medical attention.

Additional images

See also

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.

References

  1. ^ Eskandarlou, M.; Moaddab, A. H. (2010). "Chest wall necrosis and empyema resulting from attempting suicide by injection of petroleum into the pleural cavity". Emergency Medicine Journal 27 (8): 616–8. PMID 20558490. doi:10.1136/emj.2009.073486. 

External links

  • thoraxlesson3 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University)