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Tissue-to-air ratio

Tissue-to-air ratio (TAR) is a term used in radiotherapy treatment planning to help calculate absorbed dose to water in conditions other than those directly measured.


The TAR at a point in a water phantom irradiated by a photon beam is taken to be the ratio of the total absorbed dose at that point to the absorbed dose at the same point in a minimal-scatter phantom with just-sufficient build-up.[1][2]

Tissue-air ratio is defined as the ratio of the dose to water at a given depth to the dose in air measured with a buildup cap:

[TEX] TAR=frac{D(f,z)}\{D(f,0)} [/TEX]

where D(f,z) is the dose at a given depth z and distance focus-detector f; and D(f,0) is the dose in air (z=0).

Measurements for each are taken using an ion chamber for identical source to detector distances and field sizes.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Johns H. E. and Cunningham J. R. (1983). The Physics of Radiology. Charles C. Thomas Publ.
  2. ^ Hendee W., Ibbott G. and Hendee E. (2005). Radiation Therapy Physics. Wiley-Liss Publ. ISBN 0-471-39493-9.
  3. ^ Faiz M. Khan. (2010) "The Physics of Radiation Therapy " Lippencott, Wilkins and Williams Publ.