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Tokamak à configuration variable

Type Tokamak
Operation date 1992–
Major radius 0.88 m
Minor Radius 0.25 m
Magnetic field 1.43 T
Heating 4.5 MW
Plasma current 1.2 MA
Location Lausanne, Switzerland
File:Tcv int.jpg
Tokamak à Configuration Variable (TCV): inner view, with the graphite-clad torus. Courtesy of CRPP-EPFL, Association Suisse-Euratom
File:03 Toakamakclaudeseul.jpg
Tokamak à Configuration Variable (TCV): general view of the setup. Courtesy of CRPP-EPFL, Association Suisse-Euratom

The Tokamak à configuration variable (TCV, literally "variable configuration tokamak") is a research fusion reactor of the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne. Its particularity is that its torus section is three times higher than wide. This allows studying several shapes of plasmas, which is particularly relevant since the shape of the plasma has links to the performance of the reactor. The TCV was set up in November 1992.


  • Plasma height: 1.40 metres
  • Minor radius: 0.25 metre
  • Major radius: 0.88 metre
  • Plasma current: 1.2 megaamperes
  • Plasma life span: 2 seconds maximum
  • Toroidal magnetic field: 1.43 teslas
  • Additional heating power: 4.5 megawatts

Main studies

  • Confinement studies
    • confinement as a function of the shape of the plasma (triangular, square or elongated)
    • Improvement of the confinement of the core
  • Studies on vertically elongated plasmas
  • Studies with ECRH and ECCD (electron cyclotron resonance heating and electron cyclotron current drive)


  • 1976: First proposal for an elongated tokamak by the "New Swiss Association"
  • 1985: Second proposal, with a more elongated tokamak
  • 1986: Acceptance of the TCV proposal (Tokamak à Configuration Variable)
  • 1992: First plasma discharge
  • 1997: World record of plasma elongation (see plasma shaping)

See also

External links

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