Born in Stretford, Lloyd served as a Trafford councillor from 1979 to 1984. In 1983, Lloyd was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Stretford, representing the constituency until 1997, when the Manchester Central seat was created. As an MP, Lloyd was an opposition spokesman between 1987 and 1997, a Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office between 1997 and 1999 and Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party from 2006 to 2012. Lloyd continued as a constituency MP until October 2012, when he stepped down to contest the 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner elections in the Greater Manchester Police area. He was elected and assumed the position in November 2012.
In 2011, the Manchester Evening News listed Lloyd among its 250 of the Most Influential People in Greater Manchester, describing him as "a major figure on Labour politics in Greater Manchester", and introduced him as "the most powerful man in Greater Manchester" on his victory as the region's inaugural Police and Crime Commissioner in 2012. In a directory of MPs produced by The Guardian, Andrew Roth described Lloyd as a "well informed, thoughtful and realistic regionalist and internationalist".
Background and family life
Lloyd was born in Stretford, on 25 February 1950, the fourth of five children to Sydney and Ciceley Lloyd (née Boatte). He was raised in Stretford, and attended Stretford Grammar School for Boys, the University of Nottingham (where he gained a BSc degree in Maths in 1972), and Manchester Business School (where he studied for a MBA degree), before becoming a lecturer in Business Studies at the University of Salford.
Lloyd's father died when he was 13, leaving his mother Ciceley, a staunch supporter of the Labour Party, to shape his values. Lloyd said: "my mother had friends who died in the Spanish Civil War. I saw that as a simple battle of good v evil and in that sense the basic morality of politics was instilled in me. I have always thought if not fighting for what's right and just, then what is politics for?".
Lloyd married Judith Ann Tear in 1974. They have three daughters and a son. Lloyd supports Manchester United F.C., and in March 2011 tabled an early day motion in the House of Commons for Ryan Giggs to be knighted. He has ambitions to become a beekeeper.
Lloyd was first elected to public office when he stood as a Labour Party candidate in the Trafford Council election, 1979, winning a seat on Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council, representing the Clifford ward on 4 May 1979 (the day Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom). Lloyd remained a Trafford councillor until 1984, rising to the rank of Deputy Labour Leader.
House of Commons
Lloyd entered the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Stretford on 9 June 1983, after the 1983 general election. He was an opposition whip between 1986 and 1987, and became the opposition spokesman for transport (1987–1992), employment (1992–1994), the environment (1994–1995), and foreign affairs (1995–1997). Constituency boundaries were reformed for the 1997 general election, and Lloyd was selected for the Manchester Central constituency, where he returned at each subsequent general election through to 2010. Following the 1997 general election which returned Tony Blair as Prime Minister, Lloyd was appointed a junior Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office under Robin Cook, beginning 5 May 1997. In 1998, an inquiry by the Foreign Affairs Select Committee into the supply of arms from Sandline International to Africa during the Sierra Leone Civil War led to accusations that Lloyd had been dishonest and lacked depth over the trade of illicit weaponry. Lloyd's position at the Foreign Office ended in a government reshuffle on 28 June 1999. Lloyd remained a "powerful" backbencher, and on 5 December 2006 became Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party — a post which leads all Labour MPs, both government and backbench MPs — by defeating the incumbent, Ann Clwyd who was perceived as being too close to Blair. When he unseated Clwyd, a feud between Blair and Gordon Brown was widely reported — Lloyd, was described by journalist Michael White as a "Brownite ally", and Labour advisor Jonathan Powell penned that Lloyd was a key member of Brown's "team of henchmen on the Labour backbenches to oppose Tony [Blair]". Lloyd was a Member of the North West Regional Select Committee from 4 Mar 2009 to 11 May 2010. After revelations arising from the United Kingdom parliamentary expenses scandal, Lloyd was forced to apologise for over-claiming £2,210 in rent on his flat in London, adding it was "a genuine error". As Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party, Lloyd wrote to Labour MPs urging them to publish all expenses claims.
Lloyd typically supports left-of-centre politics, and voted for Bryan Gould and John Prescott respectively in the Labour Party leadership elections of 1992 and 1994. Although the TheyWorkForYou political activities website declares that Lloyd "hardly ever rebels", he voted against Labour's national agenda in key areas while an MP. Lloyd joined rebel Labour MPs by voting against government policy regarding the Iraq War, and rebelled against government policy to detain terror suspects for 90 days without trial. He voted against government policy to introduce student tuition fees, and as an "anti-nuclear and anti-war campaigner", voted against the renewal or replacement of the UK Trident programme in 2007. Lloyd was strongly in favour of and voted for the reform of the House of Lords, the Identity Cards Act 2006, and the expansion of London Heathrow Airport. Lloyd supported the bid for a proposed supercasino for East Manchester, and was furious with the House of Lords and Gordon Brown for axing the scheme, adding it was "grossly unfair and outrageous" and that "those who kicked it into touch deprived a community with one of the highest levels of unemployment the opportunity to access well paid jobs and proper training". Lloyd supported the proposed Greater Manchester congestion charge, and campaigned in its favour in the 2008 referendum on the Greater Manchester Transport Innovation Fund, which was "overwhelmingly rejected" by voters.
Outside of the House of Commons, Lloyd contributed chapters about John Robert Clynes and George Kelley, Labour Members of Parliament for Manchester elected in 1906, to Men Who Made Labour, edited by Alan Haworth and Diane Hayter, and contributed a piece on the future of the Labour Party in the 2011 book, What Next for Labour? Ideas for a new generation. Lloyd was the leader of the British delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and one of its Vice-Presidents, a leader of the British delegation to the Western European Union, and leader of the British delegation to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). He was head of the OSCE at a time when it was monitoring the Belarusian presidential election, 2010, which it denounced as fraudulent; Lloyd said the "election failed to give Belarus the new start it needed", adding "the people of Belarus deserved better". Lloyd was Chair of the Trade Union Group of Labour MPs from 2002 to 2012.
Police and crime commissioner
Lloyd was described by Andrew Roth of The Guardian as a "realistic regionalist"; he supported the creation of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority in 2011, but disagreed that there should be an elected Mayor of Greater Manchester. On 15 February 2012, Lloyd announced his intention to resign as a Member of Parliament to stand as a candidate for the directly-elected Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester. Lloyd said he was willing to leave the Manchester Central constituency — a Labour safe seat — for the PCC role because in "all the years I have been a MP, one of the abiding issues that people raised with me was fear of crime". The resulting Manchester Central by-election, 2012 was scheduled for the same November polling day. In the Police and Crime Commissioner elections on 15 November 2012, Lloyd was elected as the inaugural Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner, winning with 139,437 votes, or a share of 51.23%, prompting the Manchester Evening News to quip he had become "the most powerful man in Greater Manchester".
As Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester, Lloyd is one of the Labour Party's highest-profile commissioners, overseeing one of the largest police services in England and Wales outside of Greater London. He will earn £100,000 per year, the largest figure of any English or Welsh Police and Crime Commissioner. He is based at Salford Civic Centre and was required to devise a five-year strategic plan for Greater Manchester Police and hold Sir Peter Fahy, the force's Chief constable, to account. On hearing the news that Lloyd had won the election, Fahy said "one of the key roles of the PCC was negotiating and influencing the other local authorities, the health service, businesses and other organisations ... We will be expecting him to fight for GMP at a national level with the Home Office over resourcing and changes to legislation". At the end of March 2013, Lloyd published the Police and Crime Plan 2013-2016, setting his nine priorities for policing Greater Manchester. These were:
- Driving down crime
- Building and strengthening partnerships
- Tackling anti-social behavior
- Protecting vulnerable people
- Putting victims at the centre
- Maintaining public safety, dealing with civil emergencies and emerging threats
- Dealing effectively with terrorism, serious crime and organised criminality
- Building confidence in policing services
- Protecting the police service
The plan outlines Lloyd's vision "for all of us in Greater Manchester to work together to build the safest communities in Britain".
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- Dilworth & Stuart-Jones 2012.
- "Tony Lloyd: Electoral history and profile". The Guardian. guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- "Introducing new police commissioner Tony Lloyd - the most powerful man in Greater Manchester?". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- Jupp 2012, p. 41.
- Henrys, Colin (2012-10-26). "Labour Police Chief candidate launches Rochdale campaign". rochdaleonline.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- Linton, Deborah (2012-11-19). "New Greater Manchester crime commissioner Tony Lloyd: I won't tell the chief constable how to police". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "New police commissioner Tony Lloyd: Backbench stalwart not afraid to rock the boat". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. 2012-11-17. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- Keegan, Mike (2011-03-03). "Arise Sir Ryan: United star Giggs should be given a knighthood, says MP". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "Tony Lloyd's biography". gmpcc.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
- "Tony Lloyd: Former Labour MP for Manchester Central". TheyWorkForYou. theyworkforyou.com. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- Waller & Criddle 1999, p. 446.
- Buncombe, Andrew (1998-05-17). "Inquiry finds Sandline did breach arms embargo". The Independent. independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "Lloyd becomes Labour MPs' chair". BBC News. news.bbc.co.uk. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- White, Michael (2010-01-06). "Ballot call over Gordon Brown's leadership – what next?". The Guardian. guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Powell 2011, p. 123.
- "Labour MPs urged to publish all expenses claims now". The Guardian. guardian.co.uk. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Voting Record — Tony Lloyd MP, Manchester Central (10367)". publicwhip.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- "Lords scupper super-casino plan". BBC News. news.bbc.co.uk. 2007-03-28. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Linton, Deborah (2010-09-28). "Tony Blair's fury at Gordon Brown for scrapping of super-casino". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Osuh, Chris (2007-01-29). "MPs split on congestion charging". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Congestion charge to get the green light in Manchester". The Daily Mail. dailymail.co.uk. 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Sturcke, James (12 December 2008). "Manchester says no to congestion charging". The Guardian. guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- Haworth & Hayter 2006, p. xiii.
- "Contributors". whatnextforlabour.com. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "About Tony". tony4gtrmcr.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "'The people of Belarus deserved better' say international observers". bbc.co.uk. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "Belarus closes down OSCE office after poll criticism". bbc.co.uk. 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Bagley, Roger (2012-05-22). "Trade unions' MP allies fight 'all-out' Tory assault". morningstaronline.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Linton, Deborah (2012-02-14). "Veteran Manchester Central MP Tony Lloyd to stand for election as Greater Manchester's first police commissioner". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "Manchester Central by-election". itv.com. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "Sir Peter Fahy says Tony Lloyd must 'fight' for Greater Manchester Police". bbc.co.uk. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- "What is going on with Manchester Central?". LabourList. labourlist.org. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) Election results". greatermanchesterpccelection.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- Linton, Deborah (2012-11-17). "New police and crime commissioner Tony Lloyd gets to work after 'shambolic' election". Manchester Evening News. menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
- Lloyd, Tony (March 2013). "Police and Crime Plan 2013-2016" (PDF). gmpcc.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-22.
- Dilworth, Jennifer; Stuart-Jones, Megan (2012). International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who including Who's Who in Public International Law. Brill.
- Haworth, Alan; Hayter, Dianne (2006). Men Who Made Labour: The Parliamentary Labour Party of 1906 - the Personalities and the Politics. Routledge. ISBN 9781845680473.
- Jupp, Adam (April 2012). 250 of the Most Influential People in Greater Manchester. MEN Media.
- Powell, Jonathan (2011). The New Machiavelli: How to Wield Power in the Modern World. Random House. ISBN 9780099546092.
- Waller, Robert; Criddle, Byron (1999). Almanac of British Politics (6th ed.). Routledge. ISBN 9780415185417.
- tony4gtrmcr.co.uk, the official personal website of Tony Lloyd
- www.gmpcc.org.uk, the Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Electoral history and profile at The Guardian
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Stretford
| Succeeded by|
|Member of Parliament for Manchester Central
| Succeeded by|
|Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party
| Succeeded by|