Transport for London
Area of responsibility within the United Kingdom
|Legal status||Executive agency within GLA|
|Headquarters||Windsor House, Victoria Street, Westminster, London|
Mayor of London|
|Greater London Authority (GLA)|
|Slogan||"Every Journey Matters"|
|This article is outdated. (February 2015)|
TfL is controlled by a board whose members are appointed by the Mayor of London, a position held by Boris Johnson who also chairs the Board. The Commissioner of Transport for London (Peter Hendy since 17 January 2006) reports to the Board and leads a management team with individual functional responsibilities.
The body is organised in three main directorates and corporate services, each with responsibility for different aspects and modes of transport. The three main directorates are:
- London Underground, responsible for running London's underground rail network, commonly known as the tube, and managing the provision of maintenance services by the private sector. This network is sub-divided into three service delivery units:
- London Rail, responsible for:
- Co-ordination with the operators that provide National Rail service within London.
- London Overground and TfL Rail, although actual operation is undertaken by a private sector concessionaire and maintenance by Network Rail.
- Docklands Light Railway: normally abbreviated DLR, this is the automatically driven light rail network in East London and South London, although actual operation and maintenance is undertaken by a private sector concessionaire.
- London Trams, responsible for managing London's tram network, by contracting to private sector operators. At present the only tram system is Tramlink in South London, but others are proposed.
- Surface transport, consisting of:
- London Buses, responsible for managing the red bus network throughout London and the East London Transit which is a Bus Rapid Transit in East London, largely by contracting services to private sector bus operators. Incorporating CentreComm, London Buses Command & Control Centre, a 24-hour Emergency Control Centre based in Southwark.
- London Dial-a-Ride, which provides community transport services throughout London.
- London River Services, responsible for licensing and coordinating passenger services on the River Thames within London.
- London Streets, responsible for the management of London's strategic road network.
- London congestion charge which drivers who drive in Central London between Monday and Friday must pay a fee.
- Public Carriage Office, responsible for licensing the famous black cabs and other private hire vehicles.
- Victoria Coach Station, which owns and operates London's principal terminal for long distance bus and coach services.
- "Delivery Planning" which promotes cycling in London
- "Special Projects Team" manages the contract with Serco for the Barclays Cycle Hire scheme
- Walking, which promotes better pedestrian access and better access for Walking in London.
- London Road Safety Unit, which promotes safer roads through advertising and road safety measure.
- Community Safety, Enforcement and Policing, responsible for tackling fare evasion on buses, delivering policing services that tackle crime and disorder on public transport in cooperation with the Metropolitan Police Service's Transport Operational Command Unit (TOCU) and the British Transport Police.
- Traffic Enforcement, responsible for enforcing traffic and parking regulations on the red routes
- Freight Unit, which has developed the "London Freight Plan" and is involved with setting up and supporting a number of Freight Quality Partnerships covering key areas of London.
TfL owns and operates the London Transport Museum in Covent Garden, a museum that conserves and explains London's transport heritage. The museum also has an extensive depot, situated at Acton, that contains material impossible to display at the central London museum, including many additional road vehicles, trains, collections of signs and advertising materials. The depot has several open weekends each year. There are also occasional heritage train runs on the Metropolitan line.
TfL has developed an electronic "Journey Planner", which enables users to plan journeys by all forms of public transport and bicycle in and around London.
TfL's Surface Transport and Traffic Operations Centre (STTOC) was officially opened by Prince Andrew, Duke of York in November 2009. The centre monitors and coordinates official responses to traffic congestion, incidents and major events in London. London Buses Command and Control Centre (CentreComm), London Streets Traffic Control Centre (LSTCC) and the Metropolitan Police Traffic Operation Control Centre (MetroComm) were brought together under STTOC.
STTOC played an important part in the security and smooth running of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The London Underground Network Operations Centre is now located on the fifth floor of Palestra and not within STTOC. The centre featured in the 2013 BBC Two documentary series The Route Masters: Running London's Roads.
Most of the transport modes that come under the control of TfL have their own charging and ticketing regimes for single fare. Buses and trams share a common fare and ticketing regime, and the DLR, Overground, Underground, and National Rail services another.
Zonal fare system
Rail service fares in the capital are calculated by a zonal fare system. London is divided into eleven fare zones, with every station on the London Underground, London Overground, Docklands Light Railway and, since 2007, on National Rail services, being in one, or in some cases, two zones. The zones are mostly concentric rings of increasing size emanating from the centre of London. They are (in order):
Superimposed on these mode-specific regimes is the Travelcard system, which provides zonal tickets with validities from one day to one year, and off-peak variants. These are accepted on the DLR, buses, railways, trams, the Underground and provides a discount on many river services fares.
The Oyster card is a contactless smart card system introduced for the public in 2003, which can be used to pay individual fares (pay as you go) or to carry various Travelcards and other passes. It is used by holding the card close to the yellow card reader. Card readers are found on ticket gates where otherwise a paper ticket could be fed through, allowing the gate to open and the passenger to walk through, and on stand-alone Oyster validators, which do not operate a barrier. Since 2010, Oyster Pay as you go has been available on all National Rail services within London. Oyster Pay as you go has a set of daily maximum charges that are the same as buying the nearest equivalent Day Travelcard.
Identity and marketing
Each of the main transport units has its own corporate identity, formed by differently-coloured versions of the standard roundel logo and adding appropriate lettering across the horizontal bar. The roundel rendered in blue without any lettering represents TfL as a whole (see Transport for London logo), as well as used in situations where lettering on the roundel is not possible (such as bus receipts, where a logo is a blank roundel with the name "London Buses" to the right). The same range of colours is also used extensively in publicity and on the TfL website.
Transport for London has always mounted advertising campaigns to encourage use of the Underground. For example, in 1999, they commissioned artist Stephen Whatley to paint an interior - 'The Grand Staircase' – which he did on location inside Buckingham Palace. This painting was reproduced on posters and displayed all over the London Underground.
In 2010 they commissioned artist Mark Wallinger to assist them in celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Underground, by creating the Labyrinth Project, with one painting to hang permanently in each of the Tube's 270 stations.
- Articulated buses in London
- Passenger transport executive
- Selective vehicle detection
- Transport in London
- "Company information". Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Legislative framework". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- Alan Hamilton (16 February 2006). "It was all just part of the job, say honoured 7/7 heroes". The Times. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- "Queen hails brave 7 July workers". BBC News. 15 February 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- "Two TfL July 7 heroes honoured in New Years List". Transport for London. 2 January 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- "Revellers' farewell to Tube alcohol". Metro. 1 June 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Johnson bans drink on transport". BBC News. 7 May 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "Londoners continue to back Mayor's booze ban". Greater London Authority. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Bates, Laura (1 October 2013). "Project Guardian: making public transport safer for women". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "TfL accepts part of the blame for slow 7/7 response". New Civil Engineer. 8 June 2006. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "TfL keeps schtum on underground radio plans". The Register. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "TfL investment programme - London Underground" (PDF). Transport for London. 2010. p. 10. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Response from the Chief Engineers’ Directorate of London Underground to the OFCOM Consultative Document "Spectrum Trading Consultation"" (PDF). Ofcom. November 2003. p. 1. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Board members". Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Freight". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "Journey Planner". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "HRH The Duke of York opens state of the art transport control centre". Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Duke of York opens TfL control centre at Palestra in Blackfriars Road". Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Evidence for Transport Committee’s investigation into 2012 transport". Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Transport for London Board Agenda Item 5, 2 November 2011". Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Southwark chosen for LUL command and control centre". Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- London Transport Museum, Stephen B. Whatley profile
- Mark Brown (7 February 2013). "Tube celebrates 150th birthday with labyrinth art project". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Transport for London.|
- Official website
- London Group of Campaign for Better Transport
- London TravelWatch
- Transport for London companies grouped at OpenCorporates
London Regional Transport
|Transport for London
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