A triazole (Htrz) refers to either one of a pair of isomeric chemical compounds with molecular formula C2H3N3, having a five-membered ring of two carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms.

The two isomers are:


The triazole antifungal drugs include fluconazole, isavuconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, pramiconazole, ravuconazole, and posaconazole.

The triazole plant protection fungicides include epoxiconazole, triadimenol, propiconazole, metconazole, cyproconazole, tebuconazole, flusilazole and paclobutrazol.

Benzotriazole is used in chemical photography as a restrainer and fog-suppressant.

Importance in agriculture

Due to spreading resistance of plant pathogens towards fungicides of the strobilurin class,[1] control of fungi such as Septoria tritici or Gibberella zeae[2] relies heavily on triazoles.

Importance in chemical synthesis

The azide alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition is a mild and selective reaction that gives 1,2,3-triazoles as products. The reaction has been widely used in bioorthogonal chemistry and in organic synthesis. Triazoles are relatively stable functional groups and triazole linkages can be used in a variety of applications (for example, replacing the phosphate backbone of DNA.[3])

Related heterocycles

  • Imidazole, an analog with two nonadjacent nitrogen atoms
  • Pyrazole, an analog with two adjacent nitrogen atoms
  • Tetrazole, an analog with four nitrogen atoms

External links


  1. ^ Gisi U, Sierotzki H,Cook A, McCaffery A (2002): Mechanisms influencing the evolution of resistance to Qo inhibitor fungicides. Pest Management Science 58: 859–867. [1]
  2. ^ Klix MB, Verreet J-A, Beyer M (2007): Comparison of the declining triazole sensitivity of Gibberella zeae and increased sensitivity achieved by advances in triazole fungicide development. Crop Protection 26:683-690. [2]
  3. ^ Hiroyuki Isobe et al. (2008) Triazole-Linked Analogue of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (TLDNA): Design, Synthesis, and Double-Strand Formation with Natural DNA, Org. Lett. 10 (17), pp 3729–3732.[3]