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Triple jump

This article is about the athletics event. For the jump with three revolutions in figure ice-skating and roller-skating, see Figure skating jump.

Template:Infobox athletics event

The triple jump, sometimes referred to as the hop, step and jump or the hop, skip and jump, is a track and field event, similar to the long jump. The competitor runs down the track and performs a hop, a bound and then a jump into the sand pit. The triple jump was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympics event since the Games' inception in 1896.

According to IAAF rules, "the hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which he has taken off; in the step he shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed." [1]

The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of Great Britain, with a jump of 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in), and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine, with a jump of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in). Both records were set during 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg.

History

Historical sources on the ancient Olympic Games occasionally mention jumps of 15 meters or more. This led sports historians to conclude that these must have been a series of jumps, thus providing the basis for the triple jump.[2] However, there is no evidence for the triple jump being included in the ancient Olympic Games, and it is possible that the recorded extraordinary distances are due to artistic license of the authors of victory poems, rather than attempts to report accurate results.[3]

The triple jump was a part of the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens, although at the time it consisted of two hops on the same foot and then a jump. In fact, the first modern Olympic champion, James Connolly, was a triple jumper. Early Olympics also included the standing triple jump, although this has since been removed from the Olympic program and is rarely performed in competition today. The women's triple jump was introduced into the Atlanta Olympics in 1996.[4]

In Irish mythology the geal-ruith (triple jump), was an event contested in the ancient Irish Tailteann Games as early as 1829 BC.[5]

Technique

Approach

The athlete sprints down a runway to a takeoff mark, from which the triple jump is measured. The takeoff mark is commonly a physical piece of wood or similar material embedded in the runway, or a rectangle painted on the runway surface. In modern championships a strip of plasticine, tape, or modeling clay is attached to the far edge of the board to record athletes overstepping or "scratching" the mark, defined by the trailing edge of the board. There are three phases of the triple jump: the "hop" phase, the "bound" or "step" phase, and the "jump" phase. These three phases are executed in one continuous sequence.

Hop

The hop starts with the athlete jumping from the take off board on one leg, which for descriptive purposes will be the right leg . The objective of the first phase is to hop out, focusing all momentum forward. The hop landing phase is very active, involving a powerful backward "pawing" action of the right leg, with the right take-off foot landing heel first on the runway.

Step

The hop landing also marks the beginning of the step phase, where the athlete utilises the backward momentum of the right leg to immediately execute a powerful jump forwards and upwards, the left leg assisting the take-off with a powerful hip flexion thrust. This leads to the familiar step-phase mid-air position, with the right take off leg trailing flexed at the knee, and the left leg now leading flexed at the hip and knee. The jumper then holds this position for as long as possible, before extending the knee of the leading left leg and then immediately beginning a powerful backward motion of the whole left leg, again landing on the runway with a powerful pawing action.

Jump

The step landing forms the beginning of the take-off of the final phase (the jump), where the athlete utilises the backward force from the left leg to take off again. The jump phase is very similar to the long jump although most athletes have lost too much speed by this time to manage a full hitch kick, and most use a hang or sail technique.


When landing in the sand-filled pit, the jumper should aim to avoid sitting back on landing, or placing either hand behind the feet. The sand pit usually begins 13m from the take off board for male international competition, or 11m from the board for international female and club-level male competition. Each phase of the triple jump should get progressively higher, and there should be a regular rhythm to the 3 landings.

Foul

A "foul", also known as a "scratch," or missed jump, occurs when a jumper oversteps the takeoff mark, misses the pit entirely, does not use the correct foot sequence throughout the phases, or does not perform the attempt in the allotted amount of time (usually about 90 seconds). When a jumper "scratches," the seated official will raise a red flag and the jumper who was "on deck," or up next, prepares to jump.

Records

Outdoor

Area Men's Women's
Mark (m) Athlete Mark (m) Athlete
World 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR)
Continental records
Africa 17.37 m (56 ft 1134 in) 23x15px Tarik Bouguetaïb (MAR) 15.39 m (50 ft 534 in) 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)
Asia 17.59 m (57 ft 812 in) 23x15px Yanxi Li (CHN) 15.25 m (50 ft 014 in) Template:Country data KAZ
Europe 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR)
North, Central America
and Caribbean
18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) 15.29 m (50 ft 134 in) 23x15px Yamilé Aldama (CUB)
Oceania 17.46 m (57 ft 314 in) 23x15px Ken Lorraway (AUS) 14.04 m (46 ft 034 in) 23x15px Nicole Mladenis (AUS)
South America 17.90 m (58 ft 812 in) 23x15px Jadel Gregório (BRA) 15.31 m (50 ft 234 in) 23x15px Caterine Ibargüen (COL)

Note: As in all track-and-field events, results cannot count towards records if they are Wind assisted (>2.0 m/s).

All-time top ten athletes

Men (outdoor)

Rank Mark Wind (m/s) Athlete Location Date Ref
1 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) 1.3 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Gothenburg 7 August 1995
2 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) −0.4 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) Atlanta 27 July 1996
3 18.08 m (59 ft 334 in) 0.0 23x15px Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB) Havana 28 May 2015 [12]
4 18.04 m (59 ft 2 in) 0.3 23x15px Teddy Tamgho (FRA) Moscow 18 August 2013
0.8 23x15px Christian Taylor (USA) Doha 15 May 2015 [13]
6 17.97 m (58 ft 1114 in) 1.5 23x15px Willie Banks (USA) Indianapolis 16 June 1985
7 17.92 m (58 ft 912 in) 1.6 23x15px Khristo Markov (BUL) Rome 31 August 1987
1.9 Template:Country data JAM Odessa 20 May 1995
9 17.90 m (58 ft 812 in) 0.4 23x15px Jadel Gregório (BRA) Belém 20 May 2007
1.0 23x15px Volodymyr Inozemtsev (URS) Bratislava 20 June 1990
11 17.89 m (58 ft 814 in) 0.0 23x15px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) Mexico City 15 October 1975

Men (indoor)

Rank Mark Athlete Location Date
1 17.92 m (58 ft 912 in) 23x15px Teddy Tamgho (FRA) Paris March 6, 2011
2 17.83 m (58 ft 534 in) 23x15px Aliecer Urrutia (CUB) Sindelfingen March 1, 1997
23x15px Christian Olsson (SWE) Budapest March 7, 2004
4 17.77 m (58 ft 312 in) 23x15px Leonid Voloshin (RUS) Grenoble February 2, 1994
5 17.76 m (58 ft 3 in) 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) New York City February 22, 1987
6 17.75 m (58 ft 234 in) 23x15px Phillips Idowu (GBR) Valencia March 9, 2008
7 17.74 m (58 ft 214 in) 23x15px Marian Oprea (ROU) Bucharest February 18, 2006
8 17.73 m (58 ft 2 in) 23x15px Fabrizio Donato (ITA) Paris March 6, 2011
23x15px Walter Davis (USA) Moscow March 12, 2006
10 17.72 m (58 ft 112 in) 23x15px Brian Wellman (BER) Barcelona March 12, 1995

Women (outdoor)

Rank Mark Wind (m/s) Athlete Location Date
1 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) 0.9 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR) Gothenburg August 10, 1995
2 15.39 m (50 ft 534 in) 0.5 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) Beijing August 17, 2008
3 15.34 m (50 ft 334 in) −0.5 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Heraklion July 4, 2004
4 15.32 m (50 ft 3 in) 0.9 23x15px Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE) Athens August 21, 2004
5 15.31 m (50 ft 234 in) 0.0 23x15px Catherine Ibargüen (COL) Monaco July 18, 2014
6 15.29 m (50 ft 134 in) 0.3 23x15px Yamilé Aldama (CUB) Rome July 11, 2003
7 15.28 m (50 ft 112 in) 0.9 23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB) Osaka August 31, 2007
8 15.25 m (50 ft 014 in) 1.7 Template:Country data KAZ Split September 4, 2010
9 15.20 m (49 ft 1014 in) 0.0 23x15px Šárka Kašpárková (CZE) Athens August 4, 1997
−0.3 23x15px Tereza Marinova (BUL) Sydney September 24, 2000

Women (indoor)

Rank Mark Athlete Location Date
1 15.36 m (50 ft 412 in) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Budapest 2004-03-06
2 15.16 m (49 ft 834 in) 23x15px Ashia Hansen (GBR) Valencia 1998-02-28
3 15.14 m (49 ft 8 in) Template:Country data KAZ Doha 2010-03-13
4 15.08 m (49 ft 512 in) 23x15px Marija Šestak (SLO) Peanía 2008-02-13
5 15.05 m (49 ft 412 in) 23x15px Yargeris Savigne (CUB) Valencia 2008-03-08
6 15.03 m (49 ft 312 in) 23x15px Iolanda Chen (RUS) Barcelona 1995-03-11
7 15.01 m (49 ft 234 in) 23x15px Inna Lasovskaya (RUS) Paris 1997-03-08
8 15.00 m (49 ft 212 in) 23x15px Hrysopiyí Devetzí (GRE) Valencia 2008-03-08
9 14.94 m (49 ft 0 in) 23x15px Iva Prandzheva (BUL) Maebashi 1999-03-07
23x15px Cristina Nicolau (ROM) Bucharest 2000-02-05
23x15px Oksana Udmurtova (RUS) Tartu 2008-02-20

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
22x20px James Connolly (USA) 22x20px Alexandre Tuffèri (FRA) 22x20px Ioannis Persakis (GRE)
1900 Paris
details
22x20px Myer Prinstein (USA) 22x20px James Connolly (USA) 22x20px Lewis Sheldon (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
22x20px Myer Prinstein (USA) 22x20px Fred Englehardt (USA) 22x20px Robert Stangland (USA)
1908 London
details
22x20px Tim Ahearne (GBR) 22x20px Garfield MacDonald (CAN) 22x20px Edvard Larsen (NOR)
1912 Stockholm
details
22x20px Gustaf Lindblom (SWE) 22x20px Georg Åberg (SWE) 22x20px Erik Almlöf (SWE)
1920 Antwerp
details
22x20px Vilho Tuulos (FIN) 22x20px Folke Jansson (SWE) 22x20px Erik Almlöf (SWE)
1924 Paris
details
22x20px Nick Winter (AUS) 22x20px Luis Brunetto (ARG) 22x20px Vilho Tuulos (FIN)
1928 Amsterdam
details
22x20px Mikio Oda (JPN) 22x20px Levi Casey (USA) 22x20px Vilho Tuulos (FIN)
1932 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Chuhei Nambu (JPN) 22x20px Erik Svensson (SWE) 22x20px Kenkichi Oshima (JPN)
1936 Berlin
details
22x20px Naoto Tajima (JPN) 22x20px Masao Harada (JPN) 22x20px Jack Metcalfe (AUS)
1948 London
details
22x20px Arne Åhman (SWE) 22x20px George Avery (AUS) 22x20px Ruhi Sarialp (TUR)
1952 Helsinki
details
22x20px Adhemar da Silva (BRA) 22x20px Leonid Shcherbakov (URS) 22x20px Arnoldo Devonish (VEN)
1956 Melbourne
details
22x20px Adhemar da Silva (BRA) 22x20px Vilhjálmur Einarsson (ISL) 22x20px Vitold Kreyer (URS)
1960 Rome
details
22x20px Józef Szmidt (POL) 22x20px Vladimir Goryaev (URS) 22x20px Vitold Kreyer (URS)
1964 Tokyo
details
22x20px Józef Szmidt (POL) 22x20px Oleg Fyodoseyev (URS) 22x20px Viktor Kravchenko (URS)
1968 Mexico City
details
22x20px Viktor Saneyev (URS) 22x20px Nelson Prudencio (BRA) 22x20px Giuseppe Gentile (ITA)
1972 Munich
details
22x20px Viktor Saneyev (URS) 22x20px Jörg Drehmel (GDR) 22x20px Nelson Prudencio (BRA)
1976 Montreal
details
22x20px Viktor Saneyev (URS) 22x20px James Butts (USA) 22x20px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA)
1980 Moscow
details
22x20px Jaak Uudmäe (URS) 22x20px Viktor Saneyev (URS) 22x20px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA)
1984 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Al Joyner (USA) 22x20px Mike Conley, Sr. (USA) 22x20px Keith Connor (GBR)
1988 Seoul
details
22x20px Khristo Markov (BUL) 22x20px Igor Lapshin (URS) 22x20px Aleksandr Kovalenko (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
22x20px Mike Conley, Sr. (USA) 22x20px Charles Simpkins (USA) 22x20px Frank Rutherford (BAH)
1996 Atlanta
details
22x20px Kenny Harrison (USA) 22x20px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 22x20px Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)
2000 Sydney
details
22x20px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 22x20px Yoel García (CUB) 22x20px Denis Kapustin (RUS)
2004 Athens
details
22x20px Christian Olsson (SWE) 22x20px Marian Oprea (ROU) 22x20px Danil Burkenya (RUS)
2008 Beijing
details
22x20px Nelson Évora (POR) 22x20px Phillips Idowu (GBR) 22x20px Leevan Sands (BAH)
2012 London
details
22x20px Christian Taylor (USA) 22x20px Will Claye (USA) 22x20px Fabrizio Donato (ITA)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1996 Atlanta
details
22x20px Inessa Kravets (UKR) 22x20px Inna Lasovskaya (RUS) 22x20px Šárka Kašpárková (CZE)
2000 Sydney
details
22x20px Tereza Marinova (BUL) 22x20px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 22x20px Olena Hovorova (UKR)
2004 Athens
details
22x20px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 22x20px Hrysopiyí Devetzí (GRE) 22x20px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)
2008 Beijing
details
22x20px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 22x20px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 22x20px Hrysopiyí Devetzí (GRE)
2012 London
details
22x20px Olga Rypakova (KAZ) 22x20px Caterine Ibargüen (COL) 22x20px Olha Saladukha (UKR)

World Championships medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki 23x15px Zdzisław Hoffmann (POL) 23x15px Willie Banks (USA) 23x15px Ajayi Agbebaku (NGR)
1987 Rome 23x15px Khristo Markov (BUL) 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) 23x15px Oleg Sakirkin (URS)
1991 Tokyo 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) 23x15px Leonid Voloshin (URS) 23x15px Mike Conley (USA)
1993 Stuttgart 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) 23x15px Leonid Voloshin (RUS) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 23x15px Brian Wellman (BER) 23x15px Jerome Romain (DMA)
1997 Athens 23x15px Yoelbi Quesada (CUB) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 23x15px Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)
1999 Seville 23x15px Charles Friedek (GER) 23x15px Rostislav Dimitrov (BUL) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR)
2001 Edmonton 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) 23x15px Christian Olsson (SWE) 23x15px Igor Spasovkhodskiy (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis 23x15px Christian Olsson (SWE) 23x15px Yoandri Betanzos (CUB) 23x15px Leevan Sands (BAH)
2005 Helsinki 23x15px Walter Davis (USA) 23x15px Yoandri Betanzos (CUB) 23x15px Marian Oprea (ROU)
2007 Osaka 23x15px Nelson Évora (POR) 23x15px Jadel Gregório (BRA) 23x15px Walter Davis (USA)
2009 Berlin 23x15px Phillips Idowu (GBR) 23x15px Nelson Évora (POR) 23x15px Alexis Copello (CUB)
2011 Daegu 23x15px Christian Taylor (USA) 23x15px Phillips Idowu (GBR) 23x15px Will Claye (USA)
2013 Moscow 23x15px Teddy Tamgho (FRA) 23x15px Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB) 23x15px Will Claye (USA)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1993 Stuttgart 23x15px Anna Biryukova (RUS) 23x15px Yolanda Chen (RUS) 23x15px Iva Prandzheva (BUL)
1995 Gothenburg 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR) 23x15px Iva Prandzheva (BUL) 23x15px Anna Biryukova (RUS)
1997 Athens 23x15px Šárka Kašpárková (CZE) 23x15px Rodica Mateescu (ROU) 23x15px Olena Hovorova (UKR)
1999 Seville 23x15px Paraskevi Tsiamita (GRE) 23x15px Yamilé Aldama (CUB) 23x15px Olga Vasdeki (GRE)
2001 Edmonton 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 23x15px Tereza Marinova (BUL)
2003 Saint-Denis 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) 23x15px Magdelin Martinez (ITA)
2005 Helsinki Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB) 23x15px Anna Pyatykh (RUS)
2007 Osaka 23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) 23x15px Hrysopiyí Devetzí (GRE)
2009 Berlin 23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB) 23x15px Mabel Gay (CUB) 23x15px Anna Pyatykh (RUS)
2011 Daegu 23x15px Olha Saladukha (UKR) Template:Country data KAZ 23x15px Caterine Ibargüen (COL)
2013 Moscow 23x15px Caterine Ibargüen (COL) 23x15px Ekaterina Koneva (RUS) 23x15px Olha Saladukha (UKR)

Season's bests

Men

Year Distance Athlete Place
1967 16.92 m (55 ft 6 in) 23x15px Aleksandr Zolotaryev (URS) Chorzow
1968 17.39 m (57 ft 012 in)A 23x15px Viktor Saneyev (URS) Ciudad de Mexico
1969 16.94 m (55 ft 634 in) 23x15px Viktor Saneyev (URS) Athina
1970 17.34 m (56 ft 1012 in) 23x15px Viktor Saneyev (URS) Suhumi
1971 17.40 m (57 ft 1 in) 23x15px Pedro Pérez (CUB) Cali
1972 17.44 m (57 ft 212 in) 23x15px Viktor Saneyev (URS) Suhumi
1973 17.20 m (56 ft 5 in) 23x15px Mikhail Bariban (URS) Moscow
1974 17.23 m (56 ft 614 in) 23x15px Viktor Saneyev (URS) Rome
1975 17.89 m (58 ft 814 in) 23x15px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) Mexico City
1976 17.38 m (57 ft 014 in) 23x15px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) Rio de Janeiro
1977 17.19 m (56 ft 434 in) 23x15px Ron Livers (USA) Sochi
1978 17.44 m (57 ft 212 in) 23x15px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) Bratislava
1979 17.27 m (56 ft 734 in) 23x15px João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) San Juan
1980 17.35 m (56 ft 11 in) 23x15px Jaak Uudmäe (URS) Moscow
1981 17.56 m (57 ft 714 in) 23x15px Willie Banks (USA) Sacramento, California
1982 17.57 m (57 ft 712 in) 23x15px Keith Connor (GBR) Provo
1983 17.55 m (57 ft 634 in) 23x15px Vasiliy Grishchenkov (URS) Moscow
1984 17.46 m (57 ft 314 in) 23x15px Oleg Protsenko (URS) Moscow
1985 17.97 m (58 ft 1114 in) 23x15px Willie Banks (USA) Indianapolis
1986 17.80 m (58 ft 434 in) 23x15px Khristo Markov (BUL) Budapest
1987 17.92 m (58 ft 912 in) 23x15px Khristo Markov (BUL) Rome
1988 17.77 m (58 ft 312 in) 23x15px Khristo Markov (BUL) Sofia
1989 17.65 m (57 ft 1034 in)i 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) Budapest
1990 17.93 m (58 ft 934 in) 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) Stockholm
1991 17.78 m (58 ft 4 in) 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) Tokyo
1992 17.72 m (58 ft 112 in) 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) Zürich
1993 17.86 m (58 ft 7 in) 23x15px Mike Conley (USA) Stuttgart
1994 17.77 m (58 ft 312 in)i 23x15px Leonid Voloshin (RUS) Grenoble
1995 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Gothenburg
1996 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) 23x15px Kenny Harrison (USA) Atlanta
1997 17.85 m (58 ft 634 in) 23x15px Yoelbi Quesada (CUB) Athens
1998 18.01 m (59 ft 1 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Oslo
1999 17.59 m (57 ft 812 in) 23x15px Charles Friedek (GER) Seville
2000 17.71 m (58 ft 1 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Sydney
2001 17.92 m (58 ft 912 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Edmonton
2002 17.86 m (58 ft 7 in) 23x15px Jonathan Edwards (GBR) Manchester
2003 17.77 m (58 ft 312 in) 23x15px Christian Olsson (SWE) Haina
2004 17.83 m (58 ft 534 in)i 23x15px Christian Olsson (SWE) Budapest
2005 17.81 m (58 ft 5 in) 23x15px Marian Oprea (ROM) Lausanne
2006 17.74 m (58 ft 214 in)i 23x15px Marian Oprea (ROM) Bucuresti
2007 17.90 m (58 ft 812 in) 23x15px Jadel Gregório (BRA) Belém
2008 17.75 m (58 ft 234 in)i 23x15px Phillips Idowu (GBR) Valencia
2009 17.73 m (58 ft 2 in) 23x15px Phillips Idowu (GBR) Berlin
2010 17.98 m (58 ft 1134 in) 23x15px Teddy Tamgho (FRA) New York City
2011 17.96 m (58 ft 11 in) 23x15px Christian Taylor (USA) Daegu
2012 17.81 m (58 ft 5 in) 23x15px Christian Taylor (USA) London
2013 18.04 m (59 ft 2 in) 23x15px Teddy Tamgho (FRA) Moscow
2014 17.76 m (58 ft 3 in) 23x15px Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB) La Habana

Women

Year Distance Athlete Place
1986 13.68 m (44 ft 1012 in) 23x15px Esmeralda García (BRA) Indianapolis
1987 14.04 m (46 ft 034 in) 23x15px Li Huirong (CHN) Hamamatsu
1988 14.16 m (46 ft 514 in) 23x15px Li Huirong (CHN) Shijiazhuang
1989 14.52 m (47 ft 712 in) 23x15px Galina Chistyakova (URS) Stockholm
1990 14.54 m (47 ft 814 in) 23x15px Li Huirong (CHN) Sapporo
1991 14.95 m (49 ft 012 in) 23x15px Inessa Kravets (URS) Moscow
1992 14.62 m (47 ft 1112 in) 23x15px Galina Chistyakova (RUS) Villeneuve d'Ascq
1993 15.09 m (49 ft 6 in) 23x15px Anna Biryukova (RUS) Stuttgart
1994 14.98 m (49 ft 134 in) 23x15px Sofiya Bozhanova (BUL) Stara Zagora
1995 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR) Gothenburg
1996 15.33 m (50 ft 312 in) 23x15px Inessa Kravets (UKR) Sacramento
1997 15.20 m (49 ft 1014 in) 23x15px Šárka Kašpárková (CZE) Athens
1998 15.16 m (49 ft 834 in)i 23x15px Ashia Hansen (GBR) Maebashi
1999 15.07 m (49 ft 514 in) 23x15px Paraskevi Tsiamita (GRE) Seville
2000 15.32 m (50 ft 3 in) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Yokohama
2001 15.25 m (50 ft 014 in) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Edmonton
2002 14.95 m (49 ft 012 in) 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) Radès
2003 15.29 m (50 ft 134 in) 23x15px Yamilé Aldama (CUB) Rome
2004 15.36 m (50 ft 412 in)i 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Budapest
2005 15.11 m (49 ft 634 in) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)
Template:Country data JAM
Paris
Helsinki
2006 15.23 m (49 ft 1112 in) 23x15px Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Athens
2007 15.28 m (50 ft 112 in) 23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB) Osaka
2008 15.39 m (50 ft 534 in) 23x15px Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR) Beijing
2009 15.14 m (49 ft 8 in) 23x15px Nadezhda Alekhina (RUS) Cheboksary
2010 15.25 m (50 ft 014 in) Template:Country data KAZ Split
2011 14.99 m (49 ft 2 in)
14.99 m (49 ft 2 in) A
23x15px Yargelis Savigne (CUB)
23x15px Caterine Ibargüen (COL)
Paris
Bogotá
2012 14.99 m (49 ft 2 in) 23x15px Olha Saladuha (UKR) Helsinki
2013 14.88 m (48 ft 934 in)i 23x15px Olha Saladuha (UKR) Göteborg
2014 15.31 m (50 ft 234 in) 23x15px Caterine Ibargüen (COL) Monaco
  • "i" denotes indoor performance.

References

  1. ^ "IAAF Competition Rules 2012-2013" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  2. ^ Rosenbaum, Mike (2012). An Illustrated History of the Triple Jump. Retrieved from http://trackandfield.about.com/od/triplejump/ss/illustriplejump.htm.
  3. ^ Koski, Rissanen & Tahvanainen (2004). Antiikin urheilu. Olympian kentiltä Rooman areenoille. [The Sports of Antiquity. From the Fields of Olympia to Roman Arenas.] Jyväskylä: Atena Kustannus Oy. ISBN 951-796-341-6
  4. ^ "Athletics at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games: Women's Triple Jump". Sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  5. ^ Adams, Patricia (2006-03-01). History of the Highland Games and Women in Scottish Athletics. ...contained in the Irish "Book of Leinster", which was written in the twelfth century AD...this book describes the Tailteann Games held at Telltown, County Meath from 1829 BC until at least 554 BC...included in these events...were the geal-ruith (triple jump). Clan MacTavish Genealogy and History, 1 March 2006. Retrieved from http://www.dunardry.net/ladies_lounge.html.
  6. ^ Men's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  7. ^ Women's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  8. ^ Triple Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ Triple Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  10. ^ Triple Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  11. ^ Triple Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  12. ^ Javier Clavelo Robinson; Phil Minshull (29 May 2015). "Pichardo triple jumps 18.08m in Havana". IAAF. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Triple Jump Results". IAAF. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 

External links