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Tse (Cyrillic)

This article is about Cyrillic letter. For other uses, see Ц (disambiguation).
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Cyrillic letter Tse
100px
Numeric value: 900
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С Т Ћ Ќ
У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ
Ш Щ С́ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ Ӓ̄ Ә
Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Г̧ Г̑
Г̄ Ҕ Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Ԫ Ԭ Ӗ Е̄ Е̃
Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ
Ҙ Ӟ Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ
И̃ Ҋ Ӥ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ
Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О̆ О̃ О̄ Ӧ
Ө Ө̄ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌
Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ
Ԏ У̃ Ӯ Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ
Ү Ү́ Ұ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ
Һ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ
Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ Ҿ
Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄ Э̇
Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́ Ю̄
Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
ОУ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Tse (Ц ц; italics: Ц ц) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts/, like the pronunciation of zz in "pizza".

In English, Tse is commonly romanized as ts. However, in proper names (personal names, toponyms, etc.) and titles it may also be rendered as c (which signifies the sound in Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Hungarian etc.), z (which signifies the sound in Italian and German), cz or tz.

History

Tse is thought to have come from the Hebrew letter Ṣade 14px, via the Glagolitic letter Tsi 14px.

The name of Tse in the Early Cyrillic alphabet is ци (tsi). New Church Slavonic and Russian spelling of the name is цы.

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Tse has a value of 900.

Usage

Russian

Tse is the 24th (if Yo is included) letter of the Russian alphabet. It is used both in native Slavic words (where it mostly corresponds to Proto-Indo-European *k in certain positions) and in borrowed words:

  • as a match for the Latin c in words of Latin origin, for example цирк (circus), центр (center),
  • for the German z and tz in words borrowed from German, for example цинк (Zink), плац (Platz),
  • ци may correspond to Latin ti (before vowels), for example сцинтилляция (scintillation).

Unlike most other consonants (but like ж and ш), ц never represents a palatalized consonant in Russian (except occasionally in foreign proper names with ця or цю). Since /i/ after unpalatalized consonants becomes [ɨ], the combinations ци and цы are pronounced identically: [tsɨ]. A notable rule of Russian orthography is that ц is seldom followed by ы, with the following exceptions:

  • the ending -ы of the plural number or of Genitive case (птица nom. sg. → птицы nom. pl. or gen. sg.),
  • possessive suffix -ин is spelled -ын after ц and only in this case: троицын, курицын,
    • the suffix is very popular in Russian last names, but the spelling varies and both -цын and -цин are possible, Ельцин is an example,
  • the ending of adjectives -ый (that becomes -ые, -ым, -ыми, -ых in declension), for example куцый or бледнолицый,
  • conjugation of a vulgar verb сцать (сцы, сцым, сцыт, сцыте, сцышь) and its prefixed derivatives,
  • only a few word roots contain цы now: цыган, цык- (цыкать, цыкнуть), цып- (цыплёнок, цыпки, цыпочки, цып-цып), цыц,
    • pre-1956 lists contain words such as цыбик, цыбуля, цыгарка, цыдулка, цыкля, цымбалы, цымес, цынга, цыновка, цынубель, цырюльня, цытварный, цыфирь, панцырь etc. (examples are taken from Ya. S. Khomutov's spelling dictionary, 1927; now all these words are spelled with -ци-),
  • Pinyin's ci becomes цы, and qi becomes ци.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

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This page is a soft redirect. align=center #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Unicode name || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.KOI8-R and KOI8-U || Template:Charmap/altdec || E3 || Template:Charmap/altdec || C3 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Code page 855 || Template:Charmap/altdec || A5 || Template:Charmap/altdec || A4 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Code page 866 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 96 || Template:Charmap/altdec || E6 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Windows-1251 || Template:Charmap/altdec || D6 || Template:Charmap/altdec || F6 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.ISO-8859-5 || Template:Charmap/altdec || C6 || Template:Charmap/altdec || E6 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Macintosh Cyrillic || Template:Charmap/altdec || 96 || Template:Charmap/altdec || F6
Character colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Ц
colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. ц
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1062 U+0426 1094 U+0446
UTF-8 208 166 D0 A6 209 134 D1 86
Numeric character reference &#1062; &#x426; &#1094; &#x446;

External links

  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of Ц at Wiktionary
  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of ц at Wiktionary