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Tui na

"Tuina" redirects here. For the moth genus, see Tuina (moth).
Tui na
Chinese 推拿
Hanyu Pinyin tuī ná
Literal meaning Push and grasp[1]
Manipulative and body-based methods - edit
NCCAM classifications
  1. Alternative Medical Systems
  2. Mind-Body Intervention
  3. Biologically Based Therapy
  4. Manipulative Methods
  5. Energy Therapy
See also

Tui na or tuina (/ˌtw ˈnɑː/,[2] Chinese: ; pinyin: tuī ná), is a form of Chinese manipulative therapy often used in conjunction with acupuncture, moxibustion, fire cupping, Chinese herbalism, t'ai chi, and qigong.[3] Tui na is a hands-on body treatment that uses Chinese taoist and martial arts principles in an effort to bring the eight principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) into balance. The practitioner may brush, knead, roll/press, and rub the areas between each of the joints, known as the eight gates, to attempt to open the body's defensive (wei) chi and get the energy moving in the meridians and the muscles.[3] Techniques may be gentle or quite firm. The name comes from two of the actions: tui means "to push" and na means "to lift and squeeze." Other strokes include shaking and tapotement.[4] The practitioner can then use range of motion, traction, with the stimulation of acupressure points. These techniques are claimed to aid in the treatment of both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, as well as many non-musculoskeletal conditions.[5] As with many other traditional Chinese medical practices, there are different schools which vary in their approach to the discipline. It is related also to Japanese massage or anma ().

In ancient China, medical therapy was often classified as either "external" or "internal" treatment. Tui na was one of the external methods, thought to be especially suitable for use on the elderly population and on infants. Today, Tui na is subdivided into specialized treatment for infants, adults, orthopedics, traumatology, cosmetology, rehabilitation, sports medicine, etc.[citation needed] In modern China, many hospitals include tui na as a standard aspect of treatment. In the West, tui na is taught as a part of the curriculum at some acupuncture schools.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Tui Na MTCP". Academy of Chinese Culture and Health Sciences. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "tui na". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. 
  3. ^ a b "Tui na". Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Claire, Thomas (1995). Bodywork: What Type of Massage to Get and How to Make the Most of It. William Morrow and Co. p. 171. ISBN 9781591202325. 
  5. ^ "Orthodox Tui-Na Treatment". The World Tui-Na Association. Retrieved 24 July 2012.