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Turkish Basketball League

Turkish Basketball League (TBL)
Current season, competition or edition:
31px 2014–15 Turkish Basketball League
280px
TBL Logo
Sport Basketball
Founded 1966
Inaugural season 1966–67
No. of teams 16
Country 23x15px Turkey
Continent 23x15px FIBA Europe (Europe)
Most recent champion(s) Fenerbahçe (6th title)
Most titles Anadolu Efes (13 titles)
TV partner(s) LIG TV 3
Related competitions Turkish Cup
Turkish President's Cup
Level on pyramid 1st tier
Relegation to TB2L
Official website www.TBL.org.tr

The Turkish Basketball League (TBL) is the pre-eminent professional men's basketball league in Turkey, which is also called Turkish Premier Basketball League (Turkish: Türkiye 1. Basketbol Ligi). There is also a Turkish Basketball Second League (TB2L) with 20 teams and, since 2011, a Turkish Basketball Third League (TB3L) with the teams divided in several groups.[1]

History

File:Ahmet Robenson.jpg
Ahmet Robenson was known as being the first organizer of basketball in Turkey.

According to the official records, in Turkey, basketball was first played in 1904 at Robert College. An American physical education teacher laid the foundations of this sport in Turkey. 7 years later, Ahmet Robenson, a physical education teacher in Galatasaray High School decided to introduce a new game to students in 1911. Robenson, who also became a Galatasaray S.K. president later, popularized this sport in Turkey.[2][3]

Until late 1966, local basketball competitions were being held in big cities like Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir. The national league was founded in 1966 by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966–1967 season. The Turkish Basketball Second League was also founded three years later.

The competition

There are 16 teams in the league and they play against each other twice in the league manner, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top 8 teams are entitled to participate at the playoff games. The two top teams of the Second League are promoted to the Premier League. The two lowest placed teams of the Premier League play, respectively, with the third and fourth ranking teams of the Second League in a one game knock-out playoff. The winning top two teams are entitled to play in the Premier League, and the losing two others are relegated into the Second League.[4]

Current clubs

Team City Arena Colour
Anadolu Efes İstanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena          
Bandırma Banvit Bandırma Kara Ali Acar Sport Hall          
Beşiktaş Integral Forex Istanbul BJK Akatlar Arena          
Darüşşafaka Doğuş Istanbul Ayhan Şahenk Arena          
Eskişehir Basket Eskişehir Anadolu Üniversitesi Sport Hall          
Fenerbahçe Ülker Istanbul Ülker Sports Arena          
Galatasaray Liv Hospital Istanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena          
İstanbul BB Istanbul Cebeci Sport Hall          
Pınar Karşıyaka İzmir Karşıyaka Arena          
Royal Halı Gaziantep Gaziantep Karataş Şahinbey Sport Hall          
Rönesans TED Ankara Kolejliler Ankara TOBB Sport Hall          
Tofaş Bursa Bursa Atatürk Sport Hall          
Torku Konyaspor Konya Selçuklu Belediyesi Sport Hall          
Trabzonspor Trabzon Hayri Gür Arena          
Türk Telekom Ankara Ankara Arena          
Muratbey Uşak Sportif Uşak Uşak Üniversitesi Sport Hall          

Championship history

Title holders

Titles by club

Club Champions Winning years
20px Anadolu Efes
13
1978-79, 1982-83, 1983-84, 1991-92, 1992-93, 1993-94, 1995-96, 1996-97, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2003-04, 2004-05, 2008-09
20px Eczacıbaşı <center>8 1975-76, 1976-77, 1977-78, 1979-80, 1980-81, 1981-82, 1987-88, 1988-89
20px Fenerbahçe <center>6 1990-91, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2013-14
20px İTÜ <center>5 1967-68, 1969-70, 1970-71, 1971-72, 1972-73
20px Galatasaray <center>5 1968-69, 1984-85, 1985-86, 1989-90, 2012-13
20px Ülker <center>4 1994-95, 1997-98, 2000-01, 2005-06
20px Tofaş <center>2 1998-99, 1999-00
20px Beşiktaş <center>2 1974-75, 2011-12
20px Altınordu <center>1 1966-67
20px Muhafızgücü <center>1 1973-74
20px Karşıyaka <center>1 1986-87

Finals

Season Champion Runner-up Result Finals MVP Champion's Coach
1966–67 Altınordu Galatasaray N/A N/A 23x15px Samim Göreç
1967–68 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A 23x15px Mehmet Baturalp
1968–69 Galatasaray İTÜ N/A N/A 23x15px Petar Sinemov
1969–70 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A 23x15px Mehmet Baturalp
1970–71 İTÜ Fenerbahçe N/A N/A 23x15px Şengün Kaplanoğlu
1971–72 İTÜ Beşiktaş N/A N/A 23x15px Samim Göreç
1972–73 İTÜ Şekerspor N/A N/A 23x15px Öner Şaylan
1973–74 Muhafızgücü Şekerspor N/A N/A 23x15px Armağan Asena
1974–75 Beşiktaş Galatasaray N/A N/A 23x15px Cavit Altunay
1975–76 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1976–77 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1977–78 Eczacıbaşı Tofaş N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1978–79 Efes Pilsen Eczacıbaşı N/A N/A 23x15px Faruk Akagün
1979–80 Eczacıbaşı Efes Pilsen N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1980–81 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1981–82 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş N/A N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1982–83 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe N/A N/A 23x15px Rıza Erverdi
1983–84 Efes Pilsen Karşıyaka <center>2–1 N/A 23x15px Aydan Siyavuş
1984–85 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe <center> 2–1 N/A 23x15px Nur Germen
1985–86 Galatasaray Efes Pilsen <center>2–1 N/A 23x15px Fehmi Sadıkoğlu
1986–87 Karşıyaka Galatasaray <center> 2–1 N/A 23x15px Nadir Vekiloğlu
1987–88 Eczacıbaşı Çukurova Sanayi <Center>3–1 N/A 23x15px Mehmet Baturalp
1988–89 Eczacıbaşı Çukurova Sanayi <center>3–1 N/A 23x15px Mehmet Baturalp
1989–90 Galatasaray Paşabahçe <center>3–1 N/A 23x15px Faruk Akagün
1990–91 Fenerbahçe Tofaş <center>3–2 N/A 23x15px Çetin Yılmaz
1991–92 Efes Pilsen Paşabahçe <center>3–1 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
1992–93 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe <Center>4–0 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
1993–94 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
1994–95 Ülkerspor Fenerbahçe <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Çetin Yılmaz
1995–96 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor <center>4–0 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
1996–97 Efes Pilsen Türk Telekom <center>4–1 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
1997–98 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Çetin Yılmaz
1998–99 Tofaş Efes Pilsen <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Jasmin Repeša
1999–00 Tofaş Efes Pilsen <center>4–1 N/A 23x15px Tolga Öngören
2000–01 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Murat Didin
2001–02 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Oktay Mahmuti
2002–03 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor <center>4–3 N/A 23x15px Oktay Mahmuti
2003–04 Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor <center>4–2 N/A 23x15px Oktay Mahmuti
2004–05 Efes Pilsen Beşiktaş <center>4–1 N/A 23x15px Oktay Mahmuti
2005–06 Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen <center>4–0 N/A 23x15px Murat Özyer
2006–07 Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen <center>4–0 N/A 23x15px Aydın Örs
2007–08 Fenerbahçe Türk Telekom <center>4–1 N/A 23x15px Bogdan Tanjević
2008–09 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe <center>4–2 23x15px Bootsy Thornton 23x15px Ergin Ataman
2009–10 Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen <center>4–2 23x15px Tarence Kinsey 23x15px Ertuğrul Erdoğan
2010–11 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray <center> 4–2 23x15px Oğuz Savaş 23x15px Neven Spahija
2011–12 Beşiktaş Anadolu Efes <center>4–2 23x15px Carlos Arroyo 23x15px Ergin Ataman
2012–13 Galatasaray Banvit <center>4–1 23x15px Jamont Gordon 23x15px Ergin Ataman
2013–14 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray <center>4–3 N/A 23x15px Željko Obradović

Other participants

  • Adana Demirspor (1973–1974, 1975–1976)
  • Aliağa Petkimspor (2008-2014, after relegation to Second League, withdrew from the league due to debts)
  • Altay (1967–1972, played as Egepen Altay in 2000–2001)
  • Altınordu (1966–1973)
  • Anadoluhisarı (1984–1985)
  • Ankaragücü (1970–1975)
  • Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2007-2013)
  • Antbirlik (1981–1982, 1994–1996, 2000–2001)
  • Bakırköyspor (1993–1994)
  • Bandırma Kırmızı (2011-2012)
  • Beslen Makarna (1986–1992, withdrew at the end of 1991–92 season)
  • Bornova Belediyespor (2009-2011)
  • Büyük Kolej (2000–2006)
  • Büyük Salat (1988-1988, withdrew after 7 matches)
  • Çukurova Sanayi (1981–1992)
  • DSİ Spor (1966–1982, played as Suspor between 1966 and 1975)
  • Eczacıbaşı (1974–1990, 1991–1992, Eczacıbaşı Holding closed basketball branch after relegation to Second League in 1992)
  • Erdemirspor (2004-2006, 2008-2013, Erdemir closed basketball branch in 2013)
  • Göztepe (1968–1969, 2002–2003)
  • Güney Sanayi (1980–1984)
  • Hacettepe Üniversitesi (2011-2013, withdrew from the leagues after relegation to Third League)
  • Hilalspor (1984–1986, 1987–1988)
  • Jandarmagücü (1967–1969)
  • İTÜ (1966–1978, 1979-1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, 2001–2006, played as Raks İTÜ in 1996–97 and Aras İTÜ in 2003–2004 seasons due to sponsorship reasons)
  • Kadıköyspor (1966–1969, 1972–1975) (Became Efes Pilsen in 1976 and Anadolu Efes in 2011)
  • Karagücü (1968–1970)
  • Kepez Belediyespor (2007-2010)
  • Konyaspor (1992–1993, 1996–2001, played as Kombassan Konyaspor between 1996 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001)
  • Kuşadasıspor (1998–1999)
  • Kurtuluş (1966–1968)
  • Mersin Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2005-2014)
  • Meysuspor (1992–1993, 1994–1998)
  • Modaspor (1968–1971)
  • Muhafızgücü (1966–1976, 1977–1978, 1980–1983, played as Silahlı Kuvvetler Gücü between 1982 and 1983)
  • Muratpaşa Bld. (1993–1996, 1997–1999, played as Antalyaspor between 1993 and 1996 and joined to Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor in 2001)
  • Mülkiye (1980–1981)
  • Nasaşspor (1986–1987, 1989–1993) (Originally, the team played in İzmit, then it was relocated to İstanbul and became Ülkerspor in 1993–94 season, Alpellaspor in 2006–2007 one. It was finally relocated to Trabzon and became Trabzonspor in 2008–2009 season). Trabzonspor played in TBL as Alpellaspor between 2006 and 2008 and promoted to TBL again in 2009–10 season as champions. They relegated to Second League in 2011-12 season but immediately returned to top level at next season)
  • Netaş (1995–1997)
  • ODTÜ (1975–1977, 1980–1983)
  • Olin Gençlik Edirne (2010–2014), now it became Eskişehir Basket
  • Ortaköy (1992–1998, played as Mis Süt Ortaköy in 1993–94 season, Mavi Jeans Ortaköy between 1994 and 1997 and Emlakbank Ortaköy in 1997–98 season due to sponsorship reasons, withdrew from the league due to financial shortage)
  • Oyak Renaultspor (1982-1984, 1992-2000, 2001-2004, 2006-2011, dissolved in 2013)
  • Paşabahçe (1987–1992, İş Bankası closed basketball branch in 1992)
  • Samsunspor (1973–1974, withdrew at the end of first half of season)
  • Selçuk Üniversitesi (2006-2009, 2013-, played as Mutlu Akü Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2006 and 2009 and Torku Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2013 and 2014, became Torku Konyaspor in 2014)
  • Şekerspor (1966–1968, 1971–1983, 1986–1987)
  • Taçspor (1978–1982, 1994–1995)
  • Tarsus İdman Yurdu Erkutspor (1985–1986, withdrew and haven't played any matches)
  • Tekelspor (2002–2007)
  • Tofaş (1976–1989, 1990–2000, 2003–2004, 2006–2007, 2009-, played as Tofaş SAS between 1976 and 1989 and withdrew from the league in 2000–2001 season)
  • TTNet Beykozspor (1988–1990, 2005–2008, played as Sümerbank Beykozspor between 1988 and 1990 and Beykozspor between 2005 and 2007)
  • Yenişehir (1976–1983, 1985–1986, played as Yenişehir Meysu between 1977 and 1979, as İstanbul Bankası Yenişehir between 1979 and 1983 and as Hortaş Yenişehir between 1985 and 1986)
  • Tuborg Pilsener (1995–2001, 2003–2006, played as Tuborg between 1995 and 1999 and Troy Pilsener between 1999 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001 and in 2006)
  • Yıldırımspor (1992–1994, withdrew from the league in 1994)
  • Ziraat Fakültesi (1977–1982, 1983–1984)

See also

References

External links