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U.S. Pro Indoor

This article is about the WCT/GP/ATP defunct tennis event. For the defunct women's tennis event of Philadelphia, see Advanta Championships Philadelphia.
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File:Pete Sampras.jpg
Pete Sampras won his first career singles title in Philadelphia in 1990, defeating Andrés Gómez in the final - he eventually reached four more finals, winning three times

The U.S. Pro Indoor (mainly known as such during its run, but also as the U.S. Professional Indoor, the Ebel U.S. Pro Indoor, the Comcast U.S. Indoor, and the Advanta Championships) is a defunct professional tennis tournament played on indoor carpet courts, and indoor hard courts. It was part of the World Championship Tennis (WCT) circuit, between 1970 and 1986 it was a major ranking tournament of the Grand Prix Championship Series after which it became a Super Series tournament of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour. It was held annually first at the Spectrum, and then at the CoreStates Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, from 1968 to 1998.

History

The United States Professional Indoor tennis championships were first created in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, in 1968, as part of the newly created WCT circuit, rival of the National Tennis League (NTL). As the first event of the season, the Philadelphia U.S. Professional Indoor attracted all WCT stars at the Philadelphia Spectrum at each of its yearly editions, with Rod Laver, John Newcombe or Marty Riessen winning the event in the early 1970s. After the WCT absorbed the NTL in 1970, the tournament continued to exist within the WCT tour until 1979, when the event officially became part of the Grand Prix Tour, precursor of the current ATP Tour.

As part of the Grand Prix's top tier tournaments until 1986, the Philadelphia event known as the U.S. Pro Indoor since 1973, saw American players dominating the fields in the 1970s and 1980s, with Tim Mayotte reaching four finals, World No. 1s Jimmy Connors and John McEnroe six finals each, and Czechoslovak Ivan Lendl three. In 1985, Swiss watch company Ebel S.A. started its six-year sponsorship of the event, the tournament becoming until 1990 the Ebel U.S. Pro Indoor.[1][2] The event entered the new ATP circuit in 1990 as part of the Championship Series, to see eighteen-year-old, and future US Open champion Pete Sampras win his first career title against Andrés Gómez.

In 1991, the event lost Ebel's sponsorship,[3] and went back to being the U.S. Pro Indoor for two editions, before Comcast became the sponsor of the event in 1992, effectively saving it from being discontinued.[4] In the following years, the Comcast U.S. Indoor's prize money was reduced to less than a million dollars, preventing the creation of attractive line ups, and gaining the nickname "Comatose U.S. Indoor".[5] In 1997, Advanta, already the sponsor of the 1971-created women's tournament of Philadelphia, the Advanta Championships, since 1995, took upon the sponsorship of the men's event, which also became the Advanta Championships. Pete Sampras won his third and fourth Philadelphia titles in the last two editions of the event, now taking place on indoor hard courts at the CoreStates Center, before it was definitely discontinued in 1998.

Past finals

Singles

U.S. Pro Indoor</th></tr>
Defunct tennis tournament</th></tr>
Event name</th> Philadelphia (1968–98)
Tour</th> ATP Tour (1990-98)
Grand Prix Tour(1979-89)
GP Championship Series (1970-86)
WCT circuit (1968-78)
Founded</th> 1968
Abolished</th> 1998
Location</th> Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
United States (1968–98)
Surface</th> Hard (i) (1993/97–98)
Carpet (i) (1968–92/94–96)
Year Champion Runner-up Score
1968 23x15px Manuel Santana 23x15px Jan Leschly 8–6, 6–3
1969 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Tony Roche 7–5, 6–4, 6–4
1970 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Tony Roche 6–3, 8–6, 6–2
1971 23x15px John Newcombe 23x15px Rod Laver 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–1), 6–4
1972 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Ken Rosewall 4–6, 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
1973 23x15px Stan Smith 23x15px Robert Lutz 7–6(7–2), 7–6(7–5), 4–6, 6–4
1974 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Arthur Ashe 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–4
1975 23x15px Marty Riessen 23x15px Vitas Gerulaitis 7–6(7–1), 5–7, 6–2, 6–7(0–7), 6–3
1976 23x15px Jimmy Connors 23x15px Björn Borg 7–6, 6–4, 6–0
1977 23x15px Dick Stockton 23x15px Jimmy Connors 3–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–1, 6–2
1978 23x15px Jimmy Connors 23x15px Roscoe Tanner 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1979 23x15px Jimmy Connors 23x15px Arthur Ashe 6–3, 6–4, 6–1
1980 23x15px Jimmy Connors 23x15px John McEnroe 6–3, 2–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
1981 23x15px Roscoe Tanner 23x15px Wojtek Fibak 6–2, 7–6, 7–5
1982 23x15px John McEnroe 23x15px Jimmy Connors 6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1983 23x15px John McEnroe 23x15px Ivan Lendl 4–6, 7–6, 6–4, 6–3
1984 23x15px John McEnroe 23x15px Ivan Lendl 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 7–6
1985 23x15px John McEnroe 23x15px Miloslav Mečíř 6–3, 7–6, 6–1
1986 23x15px Ivan Lendl 23x15px Tim Mayotte W/O
1987 23x15px Tim Mayotte 23x15px John McEnroe 3–6, 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
1988 23x15px Tim Mayotte 23x15px John Fitzgerald 4–6, 6–2, 6–2, 6–3
1989 23x15px Boris Becker 23x15px Tim Mayotte 7–6, 6–1, 6–3
1990 23x15px Pete Sampras 23x15px Andrés Gómez 7–6, 7–5, 6–2
1991 23x15px Ivan Lendl 23x15px Pete Sampras 5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 2–6, 6–3
1992 23x15px Pete Sampras Template:Country data ISR Amos Mansdorf 6–1, 7–6(7–4), 2–6, 7–6(7–2)
1993 23x15px Mark Woodforde 23x15px Ivan Lendl 5–4 retired
1994 23x15px Michael Chang 23x15px Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–2
1995 23x15px Thomas Enqvist 23x15px Michael Chang 0–6, 6–4, 6–0
1996 23x15px Jim Courier 23x15px Chris Woodruff 6–4, 6–3
1997 23x15px Pete Sampras 23x15px Patrick Rafter 5–7, 7–6(7–4), 6–3
1998 23x15px Pete Sampras 23x15px Thomas Enqvist 7–5, 7–6(7–3)

Doubles

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1998 23x15px Jacco Eltingh
23x15px Paul Haarhuis
23x15px David Macpherson
23x15px Richey Reneberg
7–6, 6–7, 6–2
1997 23x15px Sébastien Lareau
23x15px Alex O'Brien
23x15px Ellis Ferreira
23x15px Patrick Galbraith
6–3, 6–3
1996 23x15px Todd Woodbridge
23x15px Mark Woodforde
23x15px Byron Black
23x15px Grant Connell
7–6, 6–2
1995 23x15px Jim Grabb
23x15px Jonathan Stark
23x15px Paul Haarhuis
23x15px Jacco Eltingh
7–6, 6–7, 6–3
1994 23x15px Paul Haarhuis
23x15px Jacco Eltingh
23x15px Jim Grabb
23x15px Jared Palmer
6–3, 6–4
1993 23x15px Jim Grabb
23x15px Richey Reneberg
23x15px Marcos Ondruska
23x15px Brad Pearce
6–7, 6–3, 6–0
1992 23x15px Todd Woodbridge
23x15px Mark Woodforde
23x15px Jim Grabb
23x15px Richey Reneberg
6–4, 7–6
1991 23x15px Rick Leach
23x15px Jim Pugh
23x15px Udo Riglewski
23x15px Michael Stich
6–4, 6–4
1990 23x15px Rick Leach
23x15px Jim Pugh
23x15px Grant Connell
23x15px Glenn Michibata
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
1989 23x15px Paul Annacone
23x15px Christo van Rensburg
23x15px Jim Grabb
23x15px Jim Pugh
6–3, 7–5
1988 23x15px Kelly Evernden
23x15px Johan Kriek
23x15px Kevin Curren
23x15px Danie Visser
7–6, 6–3
1987 23x15px Sergio Casal
23x15px Emilio Sánchez
23x15px Christo Steyn
23x15px Danie Visser
3–6, 6–1, 7–6
1986 23x15px Scott Davis
23x15px David Pate
23x15px Stefan Edberg
23x15px Anders Järryd
7–6, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1985 23x15px Mats Wilander
23x15px Joakim Nyström
23x15px Wojtek Fibak
23x15px Sandy Mayer
3–6, 6–2, 6–2
1984 23x15px Peter Fleming
23x15px John McEnroe
23x15px Henri Leconte
23x15px Yannick Noah
6–2, 6–3
1983 23x15px Kevin Curren
23x15px Steve Denton
23x15px Peter Fleming
23x15px John McEnroe
6–4, 7–6
1982 23x15px Peter Fleming
23x15px John McEnroe
23x15px Sherwood Stewart
23x15px Ferdi Taygan
7–6, 6–4
1981 23x15px Sherwood Stewart
23x15px Marty Riessen
23x15px Brian Gottfried
23x15px Raúl Ramírez
6–2, 6–2
1980 23x15px Peter Fleming
23x15px John McEnroe
23x15px Brian Gottfried
23x15px Raúl Ramírez
6–3, 7–6
1979 23x15px Wojtek Fibak
23x15px Tom Okker
23x15px Peter Fleming
23x15px John McEnroe
5–7, 6–1, 6–3
1978 23x15px Bob Hewitt
23x15px Frew McMillan
23x15px Vitas Gerulaitis
23x15px Sandy Mayer
6–4, 6–4
1977 23x15px Bob Hewitt
23x15px Frew McMillan
23x15px Wojtek Fibak
23x15px Tom Okker
6–1, 1–6, 6–3
1976 23x15px Rod Laver
23x15px Dennis Ralston
23x15px Bob Hewitt
23x15px Frew McMillan
7–6(6), 7–6(3)
1975 23x15px Brian Gottfried
23x15px Raúl Ramírez
23x15px Dick Stockton
23x15px Erik Van Dillen
3–6, 6–3, 7–6(4)
1974 23x15px Pat Cramer
23x15px Mike Estep
23x15px Jean-Baptiste Chanfreau
23x15px Georges Goven
6–1, 6–1
1973 23x15px Brian Gottfried
23x15px Dick Stockton
23x15px Roy Emerson
23x15px Rod Laver
4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1972 23x15px Arthur Ashe
23x15px Robert Lutz
23x15px John Newcombe
23x15px Tony Roche
6–3, 6–7, 6–3
1971 Competition stopped at the quarterfinals stage
1970 23x15px Ilie Năstase
23x15px Ion Ţiriac
23x15px Arthur Ashe
23x15px Dennis Ralston
6–4, 6–3
1969 23x15px Tom Okker
23x15px Marty Riessen
23x15px John Newcombe
23x15px Tony Roche
8–6, 6–4
1968 Competition not held

References

  1. ^ Tuller, David (1987-06-07). "What's New In The Tennis Business". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  2. ^ Bill Fleischman (January 27, 1986). "U.S. Pro Indoor Has Come In From The Cold". Philly.com. 
  3. ^ Macnow, Glen (1991-02-12). "Hard Times For Pro Indoor Title Sponsor Missing For First Time In Years". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  4. ^ Jensen, Mike (1991-11-08). "New Sponsorship Saves Spectrum Tournament". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  5. ^ Fleishman, Bill (1997-02-21). "1996 Finalist Wooruff To Skip Advanta". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 

External links