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U.S. Pro Tennis Championships

The U.S. Pro Tennis Championships (also for a period known as the World Pro Championships) was the oldest professional tennis tournament played until its final year of 1999 and is considered as a part of the professional grand slam from 1927–1967 until the advent of Open Era. Pancho Gonzales holds the record for most wins with eight.[1]

American's first prominent professional player, Vinny Richards, arranged what became the first U.S. Pro by negotiating with Doc Kelton to have a tournament played on the Notlek courts, located at 119th Street and Riverside Drive in Manhattan, New York, on September 23–25, 1927[citation needed]. Richards, tour pro Howard Kinsey and teaching pros from the eastern U.S. comprised the field, with Richards defeating Kinsey in the final in straight sets.

The tournament was subsequently held annually at various locations including the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, New York City, the South Shore Tennis Club in Chicago, in Rye, New York, at the Terrace Club in Brooklyn, the Chicago Town and Tennis Club in Chicago, at various clubs around Cleveland, Ohio, and Cleveland Arena in Cleveland. Its final permanent home was the Longwood Cricket Club in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, where it was held from 1964 to 1999. It became part of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour shortly after the advent of open tennis in 1968. Between 1970 and 1977 it was a major tournament of the Grand Prix Championship Series. It then became a tennis event within the ATP Tour with reorganization of the top tier of pro tour tennis.

The tournament was later played on Har-Tru clay courts and was initially an important tune-up event for the U.S. Open. But when this Grand Slam tournament moved to hardcourts in 1978, the U.S. Pro did not follow suit, electing instead to hold its tournament during the U.S. clay court season in early summer instead of during its hitherto pre-Open era (late summer) time slot. Remaining a clay event into the 1990s, the U.S. Pro was a non-ATP exhibition event during the early 1990s. It was only in its final three years that the tournament was once again an ATP event and played on hardcourts.

Past winners

Singles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Site Surface
Professional Era
1927 23x15px Vinny Richards 23x15px Howard Kinsey 11–9, 6–4, 6–3 Notlek courts, Brooklyn Grass
1928 23x15px Vinny Richards 23x15px Karel Koželuh 8–6, 6–3, 0–6, 6–2 West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, Queens Grass
1929 23x15px Karel Koželuh 23x15px Vinny Richards 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 4–6, 7–5 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1930 23x15px Vinny Richards 23x15px Karel Koželuh 2–6, 10–8, 6–3, 6–4 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1931 23x15px Bill Tilden 23x15px Vinny Richards 7–5, 6–2, 6–1 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1932 23x15px Karel Koželuh 23x15px Hans Nüsslein 6–2, 6–3, 7–5 South Shore Country Club, Chicago Clay
1933 23x15px Vinny Richards 23x15px Frank Hunter 6–3, 6–0, 6–2 Westchester Country Club, Rye, New York Grass
1934 23x15px Hans Nusslein 23x15px Karel Koželuh 6–4, 6–2, 1–6, 7–5 South Shore Country Club Clay
1935 23x15px Bill Tilden 23x15px Karel Koželuh 0–6, 6–1, 6–4, 0–6, 6–4 Terrace Club, Brooklyn Clay
1936 23x15px Joe Whalen 23x15px Charles Wood 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–3 Tudor City Tennis Club, New York ?
1937a 23x15px Karel Koželuh 23x15px Bruce Barnes 6–2, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6, 6–1 Greenbrier, White Sulfur Springs, West Virginia Har-Tru?
1938 23x15px Fred Perry 23x15px Bruce Barnes 6–3, 6–2, 6–4 Chicago Arena, Chicago Canvas (indoor)
1939 23x15px Ellsworth Vines 23x15px Fred Perry 8–6, 6–8, 6–1, 20–18 Beverly Hills Tennis Club, Los Angeles Hard (cement)
1940 23x15px Don Budge 23x15px Fred Perry 6–3, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3 Chicago Town and Tennis Club, Chicago Clay
1941 23x15px Fred Perry 23x15px Dick Skeen 6–4, 6–8, 6–2, 6–3 Chicago Town and Tennis Club Clay
1942 23x15px Don Budge 23x15px Bobby Riggs 6–2, 6–2, 6–2 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1943 23x15px Bruce Barnes 23x15px John Nogrady 6–1, 7–9, 7–5, 4–6, 6–3 Fort Knox Clay
1944 Not held
1945 23x15px Welby Van Horn 23x15px John Nogrady 6–4, 6–2, 6–2 Rips Tennis Courts, Manhattan Clay
1946 23x15px Bobby Riggs 23x15px Don Budge 6–3, 6–1, 6–1 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1947 23x15px Bobby Riggs 23x15px Don Budge 3–6, 6–3, 10–8, 4–6, 6–3 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1948 23x15px Jack Kramer 23x15px Bobby Riggs 14–12, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1949 23x15px Bobby Riggs 23x15px Don Budge 9–7, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1950b 23x15px Pancho Segura 23x15px Frank Kovacs 6–1, 1–6, 8–6, 4–4 rtd Skating Club, Cleveland Clay (indoor)
1951 23x15px Pancho Segura 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 6–0, 8–6, 6–1 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1952 23x15px Pancho Segura 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 3–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 6–0 Lakewood, Cleveland (indoor)
1953 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Don Budge 4–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–2 Lakewood, Cleveland (indoor)
1954 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Frank Sedgman 6–3, 9–7, 3–6, 6–2 Cleveland Arena, Cleveland (indoor)
1955 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Pancho Segura 21–16, 19–21, 21–8, 20–22, 21–19v Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1956 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Pancho Segura 21–15, 13–21, 21–14, 22–20v Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1957 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Pancho Segura 6–3, 3–6, 7–5, 6–1 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1958 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Lew Hoad 3–6, 4–6, 14–12, 6–1, 6–4 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1959 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Lew Hoad 6–4, 6–2, 6–4 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1960 23x15px Alex Olmedo 23x15px Tony Trabert 7–5, 6–4 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1961 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 23x15px Frank Sedgman 6–3, 7–5 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1962 23x15px Butch Buchholz 23x15px Pancho Segura 6–4, 6–3, 6–4 Cleveland Arena (indoor)
1963 23x15px Ken Rosewall 23x15px Rod Laver 6–4, 6–2, 6–2 West Side Tennis Club Grass
1964 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Pancho Gonzales 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1965 23x15px Ken Rosewall 23x15px Rod Laver 6–4, 6–3, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1966 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Ken Rosewall 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 8–10, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1967 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px Andrés Gimeno 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 7–5 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
Open Era
1968 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px John Newcombe 6–4, 6–4, 9–7 Longwood Cricket Club Grass
1969 23x15px Rod Laver 23x15px John Newcombe 7–5, 6–2, 4–6, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Uni-Turf
1970 23x15px Tony Roche 23x15px Rod Laver 3–6, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1971 23x15px Ken Rosewall 23x15px Cliff Drysdale 6–4, 6–3, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1972 23x15px Bob Lutz 23x15px Tom Okker 6–4, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1973 23x15px Jimmy Connors 23x15px Arthur Ashe 6–3, 4–6, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Hard
1974 23x15px Björn Borg 23x15px Tom Okker 7–6, 6–1, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1975 23x15px Björn Borg 23x15px Guillermo Vilas 6–3, 6–4, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1976 23x15px Björn Borg 23x15px Harold Solomon 6–7, 6–4, 6–1, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1977 23x15px Manuel Orantes 23x15px Eddie Dibbs 7–6, 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1978 23x15px Manuel Orantes 23x15px Harold Solomon 6–4, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1979 23x15px José Higueras 23x15px Hans Gildemeister 6–3, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1980 23x15px Eddie Dibbs 23x15px José Luis Clerc 6–2, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1981 23x15px José Luis Clerc 23x15px Hans Gildemeister 0–6, 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1982 23x15px Guillermo Vilas 23x15px Mel Purcell 6–4, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1983 23x15px José Luis Clerc 23x15px Jimmy Arias 6–3, 3–6, 6–0 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1984 23x15px Aaron Krickstein 23x15px José Luis Clerc 7–6, 3–6, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1985 23x15px Mats Wilander 23x15px Martín Jaite 6–2, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1986 23x15px Andrés Gómez 23x15px Martín Jaite 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1987 23x15px Mats Wilander 23x15px Kent Carlsson 7–6, 6–1 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1988 23x15px Thomas Muster 23x15px Lawson Duncan 6–2, 6–2 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1989 23x15px Andrés Gómez 23x15px Mats Wilander 6–1, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1990c 23x15px Martín Jaite 23x15px Libor Němeček 7–5, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1991 23x15px Andrés Gómez 23x15px Andrei Cherkasov 7–5, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club Har-Tru
1992 23x15px Ivan Lendl 23x15px Richey Reneberg 6–3, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1993 23x15px Ivan Lendl 23x15px Todd Martin 5–7, 6–3, 7–6 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1994 23x15px Ivan Lendl 23x15px MaliVai Washington 7–5, 7–6 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1995 Not completed due to rain
1996 Not held
1997 23x15px Sjeng Schalken 23x15px Marcelo Ríos 7–5, 6–3 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1998 23x15px Michael Chang 23x15px Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–4 Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf
1999 23x15px Marat Safin 23x15px Greg Rusedski 6–4, 7–6(11) Longwood Cricket Club DecoTurf

Notes:

a This tournament, the first pro event open to amateur players, is considered by some as both the U.S. Pro Tennis Championship and first "U.S. Open" event (then the U.S. Open was again held from 1938 to 1941 at Greenbrier but as a separate event from the U.S. Pro held in Chicago or in L.A).

b These tournaments from 1950–1962, considered as the U.S. Pro for the season, were billed the World Pro Championship with the exception of 1951, where a separate U.S. Pro and World Pro in Cleveland were held.

r For 1951, the tournament was played under Round Robin format with Seguara 4–0 and Gonzalez 3–1 as final standings.

v For 1955-56, the matches were played under Van Alen scoring system.

c From 1990 to 1995, the U.S. Pro event appears to have been an exhibition and not part of the ATP tour.

See also

References

  1. ^ Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. p. 752. ISBN 978-0942257700.