UEFA Euro 1984
|UEFA Championnat Européen de Football|
UEFA Euro 1984 official logo
|Dates||12 June – 27 June|
|Venue(s)||7 (in 7 host cities)|
|Champions||23x15px France (1st title)|
|Goals scored||41 (2.73 per match)|
|Attendance||599,669 (39,978 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||23x15px Michel Platini (9 goals)|
The 1984 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in France. West Germany also bid for the hosting of this event. It was the seventh European Football Championship, a competition held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The final tournament took place from 12 to 27 June 1984.
At the time, only eight countries took part in the final stage of the tournament, seven of which had to come through the qualifying stage. France qualified automatically as hosts of the event; led by Michel Platini, who scored nine goals in France's five matches, Les Bleus won the tournament – their first major international title.
- 1 Tournament summary
- 2 Qualification
- 3 Organisation
- 4 Match officials
- 5 Squads
- 6 Results
- 7 Statistics
- 8 Mascot
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The opening game of tournament featured France and Denmark. The sides played out a very close encounter until Michel Platini’s goal on 78 minutes gave the hosts a 1–0 victory. The opening game also saw a premature end to the tournament for Danish midfielder Allan Simonsen, who suffered a broken leg. Platini then scored hat-tricks against both Belgium and Yugoslavia as the French recorded maximum points in Group A. Denmark took second-place in the group with victories over Belgium and Yugoslavia, while Belgium finished third with two points. Yugoslavia, despite going out with no points, gave the hosts a fright in their last group game when they took a 1–0 lead into half-time and then reduced France's 3–1 lead to one goal six minutes from time. The games in Group A were unusually high-scoring, and featured 23 goals over the six matches.
Group B provided fewer goals, but produced a huge surprise as West Germany failed to qualify for the semi-finals after a 1–0 defeat in their last match to Spain, Antonio Maceda's goal at the death sending the holders out. Portugal also scored a late goal in their final match, against Romania, to take the second qualifying place behind Spain, while the Romanians finished bottom with one point.
Semi-finals and final
The first semi-final between France and Portugal is often considered one of the best matches in the history of the European Championship. Jean-François Domergue opened the scoring for France but Portugal equalised through Rui Jordão on 74 minutes. The game went to extra time and Jordão scored again in the 98th minute to give the Portuguese a shock lead, but the French rallied and Domergue equalised with six minutes left. Then, with the penalty shoot-out looming, Platini scored his eighth goal of the championship to give France a memorable 3–2 victory.
The other semi-final between Spain and Denmark saw two evenly-matched sides draw 1–1 after extra time, as Soren Lerby’s goal after only seven minutes was cancelled out by Maceda’s strike an hour later. The match went to a penalty shoot-out, and Spain converted all five of their penalties to win 5–4 and reach the final for the first time since 1964.
The final was played to a capacity crowd at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Just before the hour mark, Platini scored from a free-kick to put France ahead following a mistake by Spanish goalkeeper Luis Arconada. France were reduced to ten players when Yvon Le Roux was sent off, but the Spain were unable to equalise, and Bruno Bellone’s goal in injury time made the final score 2–0. France had won their first major championship in world football.
The following teams participated in the final tournament:
- 23x15px Belgium
- 23x15px Denmark
- 23x15px France (automatically qualified as host)
- 23x15px Portugal (first appearance)
- 23x15px Romania (first appearance)
- 23x15px Spain
- 23x15px Yugoslavia
- 23x15px West Germany
After trying out several formats, UEFA finally developed for the 1984 tournament the format that would serve for all subsequent eight-team European Championships. The eight qualified teams were split into two groups of four that played a round-robin schedule. The top two teams of each group advanced to semi-finals (reintroduced after being absent from the 1980 tournament) and the winners advanced to the final. The third-place game, widely perceived as an unnecessary chore, was dropped. As usual at the time, a win was credited with two points only, teams on equal points were ranked by goal difference instead of head-to-head results, and the sudden-death rule in extra time did not apply.
Venues and fixtures
France's winning bid to host the Euro was based on seven stadia. The 48,000-seat Parc des Princes in Paris was the venue for the opening match and the final. Built in 1972, it was still state-of-the-art in 1984 and needed minor improvements only. Marseille's Stade Vélodrome was expanded to 55,000 seats to host one semi-final and some group matches, becoming France's largest stadium on the occasion. Stade de Gerland in Lyon, the venue for the other semi-final and some group matches as well, was thoroughly renovated and expanded to 40,000. Stade Geoffroy-Guichard in Saint-Étienne and Stade Félix-Bollaert in Lens were the other existing stadia that hosted group matches and were expanded to 53,000 and 49,000, respectively. Lastly, two all-new stadia were built to host group matches (and subsequently provided worthy home grounds for the traditionally strong local club teams): Stade de la Beaujoire in Nantes (53,000) was built on an entirely new site while Stade de la Meinau in Strasbourg was rebuilt from the ground up on the site of the old stadium into a modern 40,000-seat arena.
Fixtures were scheduled according to an innovative rotation schedule in which each team played its three first-round matches in three different stadia. Host France, for instance, played in Paris, Nantes, and Saint-Étienne. This formula had the advantage of exposing residents of a given city to more teams but implied multiple and sometimes costly trips from town to town for fans who wanted to follow their side. In subsequent championships, the organisers reverted to conventional schedules in which teams played in one or two cities only.
|Parc des Princes||Stade Vélodrome|
|Capacity: 48,360||Capacity: 55,000|
|Stade de Gerland||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard|
|Capacity: 51,860||Capacity: 48,274|
|Stade Félix-Bollaert||Stade de la Beaujoire||Stade de la Meinau|
|Capacity: 49,000||Capacity: 52,923||Capacity: 42,756|
Very few hooligan-related incidents were recorded throughout the tournament. Only one minor instance of fan trouble was recorded, in Strasbourg around the West Germany vs. Portugal match. The small group of German hooligans responsible for the incidents was arrested and deported back to West Germany on the same day using a new law specially passed by the French Parliament ahead of the Euro. Overall, the organisation was flawless, a feat that established France's credentials as a host nation and eventually helped it win the right to stage the 1998 FIFA World Cup.
The entire competition was marked by exceptionally fine weather which, along with the high quality of play throughout the tournament (a welcome change from the 1980 European Championship) and the absence of hooligans, contributed to a very positive and enjoyable experience for teams and fans alike.
12 June 1984
|France 23x15px||1 – 0||23x15px Denmark|
|Platini Goal 78'||(Report)|
13 June 1984
|Belgium 23x15px||2 – 0||23x15px Yugoslavia|
| Vandenbergh Goal 28'
Grün Goal 45'
16 June 1984
|France 23x15px||5 – 0||23x15px Belgium|
| Platini Goal 4', 74' (pen.), 89'
Giresse Goal 33'
Fernández Goal 43'
16 June 1984
|Denmark 23x15px||5 – 0||23x15px Yugoslavia|
| Arnesen Goal 8', 69' (pen.)
Berggreen Goal 16'
Elkjær Goal 82'
Lauridsen Goal 84'
19 June 1984
|France 23x15px||3 – 2||23x15px Yugoslavia|
|Platini Goal 59', 62', 77'||(Report)|| Šestić Goal 32'|
D. Stojković Goal 84' (pen.)
19 June 1984
|Denmark 23x15px||3 – 2||23x15px Belgium|
| Arnesen Goal 41' (pen.)
Brylle Goal 60'
Elkjær Goal 84'
|(Report)|| Ceulemans Goal 26'|
Vercauteren Goal 39'
|23x15px West Germany||3||1||1||1||2||2||0||3|
14 June 1984
|West Germany 23x15px||0 – 0||23x15px Portugal|
14 June 1984
|Romania 23x15px||1 – 1||23x15px Spain|
|Bölöni Goal 35'||(Report)||Carrasco Goal 22' (pen.)|
17 June 1984
|West Germany 23x15px||2 – 1||23x15px Romania|
|Völler Goal 25', 66'||(Report)||Coraş Goal 46'|
17 June 1984
|Portugal 23x15px||1 – 1||23x15px Spain|
|Sousa Goal 52'||(Report)||Santillana Goal 73'|
20 June 1984
|West Germany 23x15px||0 – 1||23x15px Spain|
|(Report)||Maceda Goal 90'|
20 June 1984
|Portugal 23x15px||1 – 0||23x15px Romania|
|Nené Goal 81'||(Report)|
|23 June – Marseille (Stade Vélodrome)|
|23x15px France (aet)||3|
|27 June – Paris (Parc des Princes)|
|24 June – Lyon (Stade Gerland)|
|23x15px Spain (p)||1 (5)|
|23x15px Denmark||1 (4)|
23 June 1984
|France 23x15px||3 – 2 (a.e.t.)||23x15px Portugal|
| Domergue Goal 24', 114'
Platini Goal 119'
|(Report)||Jordão Goal 74', 98'|
24 June 1984
|Spain 23x15px||1 – 1 (a.e.t.)||23x15px Denmark|
|Maceda Goal 67'||(Report)||Lerby Goal 7'|| align=center #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Penalties
| style="text-align:center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other|
This page is a soft redirect. 5 – 4
27 June 1984
|France 23x15px||2 – 0||23x15px Spain|
| Platini Goal 57'
Bellone Goal 90'
- Fastest goal: 3 minutes – Michel Platini (France vs Belgium)
With nine goals, Michel Platini is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 41 goals were scored by 26 different players in 15 games for an average of 2.73 goals per game. None of the goals are credited as own goal.
- UEFA Team of the Tournament
|23x15px Harald Schumacher||23x15px João Pinto||23x15px Fernando Chalana||23x15px Rudi Völler|
|23x15px Karlheinz Forster||23x15px Alain Giresse|
|23x15px Morten Olsen||23x15px Jean Tigana|
|23x15px Andreas Brehme||23x15px Frank Arnesen|
|23x15px Michel Platini|
The official mascot of this European Championship was Peno, a rooster, representing the emblem of the host nation, France. It has the number 84 on the left side of its chest and its outfit is the same as the French national team, blue shirt, white shorts and red socks.
- Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-553-2
- Shemilt, Stephan (2012-05-12). "BBC Sport - Euro 1984: Euro 1984: Michel Platini at his peak inspires France". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-17.
- "BBC SPORT | Football | Euro 2004 | History | France 1984". BBC News. 2004-05-17. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- John Brewin and Martin Williamson April 29, 2012 (2012-04-29). "Euro 2012: European Championships 1984 | Live football and soccer news". ESPNFC.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "1984 team of the tournament". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to UEFA Euro 1984.|
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