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United Kingdom Model for End-Stage Liver Disease

The United Kingdom Model for End-Stage Liver Disease or UKELD is a medical scoring system used to predict the prognosis of patients with chronic liver disease. It is used in the United Kingdom to help determine the need for liver transplantation.[1] It was developed from the MELD score, incorporating the serum sodium level.[2]


The UKELD score is calculated from the patient's INR, serum creatinine, serum bilirubin and serum sodium, according to the formula:[3]

<math>(5.395 \times \ln INR) + (1.485 \times \ln creatinine) + (3.13 \times \ln bilirubin) - (81.565 \times \ln Na) + 435</math>


Higher UKELD scores equate to higher one-year mortality risk. A UKELD score of 49 indicates a 9% one-year risk of mortality, and is the minimum score required to be added to the liver transplant waiting list in the U.K.[1] A UKELD score of 60 indicates a 50% chance of one-year survival.[2]


The UKELD score was developed in 2008 to aid in the selection of patients for liver transplantation in the U.K.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Liver Transplant - Who can use it - NHS Choices". 2011-11-09. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  2. ^ a b Asrani SK, Kim WR (May 2010). "Organ allocation for chronic liver disease: model for end-stage liver disease and beyond". Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol. 26 (3): 209–13. PMC 2919807. PMID 20224394. doi:10.1097/MOG.0b013e32833867d8. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  3. ^ Evangelos Cholongitas, Giacomo Germani & Andrew K. Burroughs (December 2010). "Prioritization for liver transplantation (Table 2)". Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Nature Publishing Group) 7: 659–668. doi:10.1038/nrgastro.2010.169. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  4. ^ Neuberger J, Gimson A, Davies M et al. (February 2008). "Selection of patients for liver transplantation and allocation of donated livers in the UK". Gut 57 (2): 252–7. PMID 17895356. doi:10.1136/gut.2007.131730. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 

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