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Open Access Articles- Top Results for United Kingdom general election, 1924

United Kingdom general election, 1924

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1922 election MPs
1923 election MPs
1924 election MPs
1929 election MPs
1931 election MPs

The 1924 United Kingdom general election was held on Wednesday 29 October 1924, as a result of the Labour minority government, led by Ramsay MacDonald, suffering an electoral defeat in the House of Commons on a motion of no confidence. It was the third general election to be held in less than two years.

The Conservatives, led by Stanley Baldwin, performed dramatically better, in electoral terms, than in the 1923 general election and obtained a large parliamentary majority. Labour, led by Ramsay MacDonald, lost 40 seats. The election also saw the Liberal Party, led by H. H. Asquith, lose 118 of their 158 seats which helped to polarise British politics between the Labour Party and Conservative Party.

The 4th party in terms of number of candidates, number of seats and number of votes were not actually a party but a political group, including Winston Churchill, who stood under the Constitutionalist label, and favoured Conservative/Liberal co-operation.

The Conservative landslide victory and the Labour defeat in this general election has been, in part, attributed to the Zinoviev letter, a forgery, which was published in the Daily Mail four days before the election. However, it is difficult to prove that this had a major impact on the election result. The Labour vote actually increased by around one million popular votes in comparison to the 1923 general election, however, the increase in the number of popular votes for the Labour Party may be due, in part, to the party putting up eighty-seven more candidates than it did in the previous year's general election.

It is widely speculated that the combination of Labour forming its first government in January 1924 and the Zinoviev letter helped to stir up anti-socialist fears in Britain among many traditional anti-socialist Liberal voters, who then switched their support to the Conservative Party. This partly helps to explain the poor performance of the Liberal Party in the general election. However, the party also suffered from financial difficulties which allowed the party to contest only 339 seats, a lack of distinctive policies after the Conservative Party dropped their support for protected trade, and poor leadership under Asquith.

Results

UK General Election 1924
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative 534 412 + 154 66.991 46.8 7,418,983 +8.8
  Labour 514 151 - 40 24.552 33.3 5,281,626 +2.6
  Liberal 339 40 - 118 6.504 17.8 2,818,717 -11.9
  Constitutionalist 12 7 7 0 + 7 1.138 1.2 185,075 +1.1
  Communist 8 1 1 0 + 1 0.162 0.2 51,176 +0.1
  Sinn Féin 8 0 0 0 0 0.2 34,181 N/A
  Independent 7 2 0 0 0 0.2 25,206 -0.1
  NI Labour 1 0 0 0 0 0.1 21,122 N/A
  Scottish Prohibition 1 1 0 0 0 0.1 14,596 0.0
  Independent Liberal 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,241 -0.1
  Independent Labour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,775 -0.1
  Independent Conservative 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 517 -0.1
  Nationalist 1 1 0 2 - 2 0.0 0 -0.4

Total votes cast: 15,856,215. Turnout 77.0%.[1] All parties shown. The only Irish Nationalist candidate was elected unopposed. The Conservatives include the Ulster Unionists.

Votes summary

Popular vote
Conservative
  
46.79%
Labour
  
30.68%
Liberal
  
17.78%
Constitutionalist
  
1.17%
Others
  
3.58%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative
  
66.99%
Labour
  
24.55%
Liberal
  
6.5%
Constitutionalist
  
1.14%
Independent
  
0.49%
Others
  
0.81%

References

See also

External links