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United States Secretary of Agriculture

Secretary of Agriculture of the United States of America
120px
Seal of the Department of Agriculture
110px
Flag of the Secretary of Agriculture
Incumbent
Tom Vilsack

since 20 January 2009
United States Department of Agriculture
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C., U.S.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 7 U.S.C. § 2202
Formation February 15, 1889
First holder Norman Jay Coleman
Succession Eighth in the United States Presidential Line of Succession
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.usda.gov

The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The current secretary is Tom Vilsack, who was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on 20 January 2009. [1] The position carries similar responsibilities to those of agriculture ministers in other governments.

The department includes several organizations. The 297,000 mi2 (770,000 km²) of national forests and grasslands are managed by the United States Forest Service.[2] The safety of food produced that are produced in the United States and sold here is ensured by the United States Food Safety and Inspection Service.[3] The Food Stamp Program works with the states to provide food to low-income people.[4] Advice for farmers and gardeners is provided by the United States Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.[5]

The line of succession for the Secretary of Agriculture is as follows:[6]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
  2. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agriculture Services
  3. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
  4. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development
  5. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services
  6. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources and Environment
  7. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics
  8. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food Safety
  9. General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture
  10. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Administration
  11. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Congressional Relations

Secretaries of Agriculture

The following is a list of Secretaries of Agriculture, since the creation of the office in 1889.[7]

Parties

      Democratic       Republican

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 75px Norman J. Coleman Missouri February 15, 1889 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
2 75px Jeremiah M. Rusk Wisconsin March 6, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
3 75px J. Sterling Morton Nebraska March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
4 75px James Wilson Iowa March 5, 1897 March 3, 1913 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
5 75px David F. Houston Missouri March 6, 1913 February 2, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
6 75px Edwin T. Meredith Iowa February 2, 1920 March 4, 1921
7 75px Henry C. Wallace Iowa March 5, 1921 October 25, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
8 75px Howard M. Gore West Virginia November 22, 1924 March 4, 1925
9 75px William M. Jardine Kansas March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
10 75px Arthur M. Hyde Missouri March 6, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
11 75px Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 4, 1933 September 4, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
12 75px Claude R. Wickard Indiana September 5, 1940 June 29, 1945
Harry S. Truman
13 75px Clinton P. Anderson New Mexico June 30, 1945 May 10, 1948
14 75px Charles F. Brannan Colorado June 2, 1948 January 20, 1953
15 75px Ezra Taft Benson Utah January 21, 1953 January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
16 75px Orville L. Freeman Minnesota January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
17 75px Clifford M. Hardin Nebraska January 21, 1969 November 17, 1971 Richard Nixon
18 75px Earl L. Butz Indiana December 2, 1971 October 4, 1976
Gerald Ford
19 75px John A. Knebel Oklahoma November 4, 1976 January 20, 1977
20 75px Robert Bergland Minnesota January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
21 75px John R. Block Illinois January 23, 1981 February 14, 1986 Ronald Reagan
22 75px Richard E. Lyng California March 7, 1986 January 21, 1989
23 75px Clayton K. Yeutter Nebraska February 16, 1989 March 1, 1991 George H. W. Bush
24 75px Edward R. Madigan Illinois March 8, 1991 January 20, 1993
25 75px Mike Espy Mississippi January 22, 1993 December 31, 1994 Bill Clinton
26 75px Dan Glickman Kansas March 30, 1995 January 20, 2001
27 75px Ann M. Veneman California January 20, 2001 January 20, 2005 George W. Bush
28 75px Mike Johanns Nebraska January 21, 2005 September 20, 2007
29 75px Ed Schafer North Dakota January 28, 2008 January 20, 2009
30 75px Tom Vilsack Iowa January 20, 2009 Incumbent Barack Obama

Living former Secretaries of Agriculture

As of October 2014, there are nine living former Secretaries of Agriculture, the oldest being Robert Bergland (1977-1981, born 1928). The most recent Secretary of Agriculture to die was Clifford M. Hardin (1969–1971), on April 4, 2010.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
John A. Knebel 1976–1977 (1936-10-04) October 4, 1936 (age 79)
Robert Bergland 1977–1981 (1928-07-22) July 22, 1928 (age 87)
John R. Block 1981–1986 (1935-02-15) February 15, 1935 (age 81)
Clayton K. Yeutter 1989–1991 (1930-12-10) December 10, 1930 (age 85)
Mike Espy 1993–1994 (1953-11-30) November 30, 1953 (age 62)
Dan Glickman 1995–2001 (1944-11-24) November 24, 1944 (age 71)
Ann Veneman 2001–2005 (1949-06-29) June 29, 1949 (age 66)
Mike Johanns 2005–2007 (1950-06-18) June 18, 1950 (age 65)
Ed Schafer 2008–2009 (1946-08-08) August 8, 1946 (age 69)

See also

References

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of the Interior
9th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Commerce
Penny Pritzker