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United States Secretary of Commerce

Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America
120px
Seal of the Department of Commerce
110px
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
Incumbent
Penny Pritzker

since June 26, 2013
United States Department of Commerce
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 15 U.S.C. § 1501
Formation March 15, 1913
First holder William Cox Redfield
Succession Ninth in the United States Presidential Line of Succession
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Commerce
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.commerce.gov
File:Commerce Building Secretary's Office.jpg
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves at the President's pleasure. A member of the President's Cabinet, the Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[1]

Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[2]

The 38th Secretary of Commerce is Penny Pritzker, who was appointed by President Barack Obama on June 26, 2013.[3]

List of Secretaries of Commerce

Parties

      No party       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Commerce Secretary
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 75px William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 75px Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 75px Herbert C. Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4 75px William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5 75px Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert C. Hoover
6 75px Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 75px Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin D. Roosevelt
8 75px Harry L. Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 75px Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 75px Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
- Alfred Schindler
(acting)
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11 75px W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12 75px Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 75px Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- 75px Lewis L. Strauss
(acting)
West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 75px Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 75px Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16 75px John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17 75px Alexander B. Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 75px Cyrus R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 75px Maurice H. Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 75px Peter G. Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 75px Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22 75px Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23 75px Elliot L. Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 75px Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
- Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
(acting)
North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 75px Philip M. Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26 75px Malcolm Baldrige Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
- 75px Clarence J. Brown Jr.
(acting)
Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 75px C. William Verity, Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 75px Robert A. Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
- Rockwell A. Schnabel
(acting)
January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 75px Barbara H. Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 75px Ronald H. Brown New York January 22, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
31 75px Mickey Kantor Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 75px William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
- 75px Robert L. Mallett
(acting)
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 75px Norman Y. Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34 75px Donald L. Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 75px Carlos M. Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
- 75px Otto J. Wolff
(acting)
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36 75px Gary F. Locke Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
- 75px Rebecca M. Blank
(acting)
Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37 75px John E. Bryson New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
- 75px Rebecca M. Blank
(acting)
Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
- 75px Cameron Kerry
(acting)
Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38 75px Penny Pritzker Illinois June 26, 2013 Incumbent

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of Commerce

As of October 2014, there are ten living former Secretaries of Commerce, the oldest being Frederick B. Dent (1973-1975, born 1922). The most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was Juanita M. Kreps (1977-1979), on July 5, 2010.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Peter G. Peterson 1972–1973 (1926-06-05) June 5, 1926 (age 89)
Frederick B. Dent 1973–1975 (1922-08-17) August 17, 1922 (age 93)
Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 (1940-03-04) March 4, 1940 (age 75)
Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 (1939-08-07) August 7, 1939 (age 76)
William M. Daley 1997–2000 (1948-08-09) August 9, 1948 (age 67)
Norman Mineta 2000-2001 (1931-11-12) November 12, 1931 (age 84)
Donald Evans 2001-2005 (1946-07-27) July 27, 1946 (age 69)
Carlos M. Gutierrez 2005-2009 (1953-11-04) November 4, 1953 (age 62)
Gary F. Locke 2009-2011 (1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 66)
John Bryson 2011-2012 (1943-07-24) July 24, 1943 (age 72)

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
  9. Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

See also

References

  1. "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  2. "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  3. "Penny Pritzker Sworn in as 38th Secretary of Commerce". Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  4. "Executive Order on Succession at the Department of Commerce". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
Tom Vilsack
10th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor
Thomas Perez