United States Secretary of Education
|Secretary of Education of the United States of America|
Seal of the Department of Education
Flag of the Secretary of Education
|United States Department of Education|
|Reports to||The President|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||20 U.S.C. § 3411|
|Formation||November 30, 1979|
|First holder||Shirley Hufstedler|
|Succession||Fifteenth in the United States Presidential Line of Succession|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Education|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level 1|
The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the U.S. Department of Education. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in line of United States presidential line of succession. The United States Secretary of Education deals with Education policy.
The Secretary is advised by the National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity, an advisory committee, on "matters related to accreditation and to the eligibility and certification process for institutions of higher education."
The current Secretary of Education is Arne Duncan, who has held the office since January 2009.
List of Secretaries of Education
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took Office||Left Office||President(s)|
|1||75px||Shirley M. Hufstedler||California||November 30, 1979||January 20, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|2||75px||Terrel H. Bell||Utah||January 22, 1981||January 20, 1985||Ronald Reagan|
|3||75px||William J. Bennett||North Carolina||February 6, 1985||September 20, 1988|
|4||75px||Lauro F. Cavazos||Texas||September 20, 1988||December 12, 1990|
|George H. W. Bush|
|5||75px||Lamar Alexander||Tennessee||March 22, 1991||January 20, 1993|
|6||75px||Richard W. Riley||South Carolina||January 21, 1993||January 20, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|7||75px||Roderick R. Paige||Texas||January 20, 2001||January 20, 2005||George W. Bush|
|8||75px||Margaret Spellings||Texas||January 20, 2005||January 20, 2009|
|9||75px||Arne Duncan||Illinois||January 21, 2009||Incumbent||Barack Obama|
Living former Secretaries of Education
As of October 2014[update], there are seven living former Secretaries of Education, the oldest being Shirley Hufstedler (1979-1981, born 1925). The most recent Secretary of Education to pass away was Terrel Bell (1981-1985), on June 22, 1996.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Shirley Hufstedler||1979–1981||August 24, 1925|
|William Bennett||1985–1988||July 31, 1943|
|Lauro Cavazos||1988–1990||January 4, 1927|
|Lamar Alexander||1991–1993||July 6, 1940|
|Richard Riley||1993–2001||January 2, 1933|
|Rod Paige||2001-2005||June 17, 1933|
|Margaret Spellings||2005-2009||November 30, 1957|
- "National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity". United States Department of Education. 2008. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
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- "ED Staff Organization: Management Offices". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved April 11, 2007. - Includes the Secretary of Education
|United States presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Energy
|15th in line|| Succeeded by|
Secretary of Veterans Affairs