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United States Secretary of the Interior

Secretary of the Interior of the United States of America
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Seal of the U.S. Department of the Interior
[[File:Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior.svg#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Flag of the U.S. Secretary of the Interior
United States Department of the Interior
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C., U.S.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 43 U.S.C. § 1451
Formation March 3, 1849
First holder Thomas Ewing
Succession None (United States Presidential Line of Succession)
Deputy Deputy Secretary of the Interior
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.DOI.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the Ministries of the Interior as used in many other countries. Ministries of the Interior in these other countries correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

The U.S. Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States,[2] the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River.

The current Secretary of the Interior in Barack Obama's administration is former REI CEO & former Mobil Oil executive Sally Jewell of Washington. She was confirmed by the Senate on April 10, 2013.[3] As a naturalized U.S. citizen born in the United Kingdom rather than a natural-born U.S. citizen, she is not eligible to succeed the President in the presidential line of succession.

File:Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior (1917-1934).png
The former flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior, which was used from 1917 to 1934.

Secretaries of the Interior

Parties

      Whig       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 75px Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2 75px Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3 75px Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
4 75px Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
5 75px Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
6 75px Caleb B. Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
7 75px John P. Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
8 75px James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866 Andrew Johnson
9 75px Orville H. Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
10 75px Jacob D. Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
11 75px Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
12 75px Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
13 75px Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
14 75px Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
15 75px Henry M. Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885
16 75px Lucius Q. C. Lamar II Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
17 75px William F. Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
18 75px John W. Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
19 75px Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
20 75px David R. Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
21 75px Cornelius N. Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
22 75px Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
23 75px James R. Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909
24 75px Richard A. Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
25 75px Walter L. Fisher Illinois March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
26 75px Franklin K. Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
- Alexander T. Vogelsang
(acting)
California February 29, 1920 March 13, 1920
27 75px John B. Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
28 75px Albert B. Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
29 75px Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
30 75px Roy O. West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929
31 75px Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
32 75px Harold L. Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
- Oscar L. Chapman
(acting)
Colorado February 15, 1946 March 18, 1946
33 75px Julius A. Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949
34 75px Oscar L. Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
35 75px Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Clarence A. Davis
(acting)
Nebraska April 15, 1956 June 8, 1956
36 75px Fred A. Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
37 75px Stewart L. Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
38 75px Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
- Fred J. Russell
(acting)
California November 25, 1970 January 29, 1971
39 75px Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
- D. Kent Frizzell
(acting)
Kansas April 30, 1975 June 12, 1975
40 75px Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975
- D. Kent Frizzell
(acting)
Kansas October 9, 1975 October 17, 1975
41 75px Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
- Alfred G. Albert
(acting)
January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
42 75px Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981
43 75px James G. Watt Colorado January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
- J. J. Simonds III
(acting)
New Jersey November 8, 1983 November 18, 1983
44 75px William P. Clark California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
45 75px Donald P. Hodel Virginia February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
- Earl E. Gjelde
(acting)
Virginia January 20, 1989 February 3, 1989 George H. W. Bush
46 75px Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
47 75px Bruce E. Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
- Thomas N. Slonaker
(acting)
Arizona January 2, 2001 January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
48 75px Gale A. Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006
- 75px Lynn Scarlett
(acting)
California April 1, 2006 May 26, 2006
49 75px Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 19, 2009
- 75px Lynn Scarlett
(acting)
California January 19, 2009 January 20, 2009
Barack Obama
50 75px Ken Salazar Colorado January 20, 2009 April 12, 2013
51 75px Sally Jewell Washington April 12, 2013[4] Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

As of August 2013, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive, the oldest being Manuel Lujan, Jr. (1989-1993, born 1928). The most recent to die was William P. Clark, Jr., on August 10, 2013.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Cecil D. Andrus 1977–1981 (1931-08-25) August 25, 1931 (age 84)
James G. Watt 1981–1983 (1938-01-31) January 31, 1938 (age 78)
Donald P. Hodel 1985–1989 (1935-05-23) May 23, 1935 (age 80)
Manuel Lujan, Jr. 1989–1993 (1928-05-12) May 12, 1928 (age 87)
Bruce E. Babbitt 1993–2001 (1938-06-27) June 27, 1938 (age 77)
Gale A. Norton 2001–2006 (1954-03-11) March 11, 1954 (age 61)
Dirk Kempthorne 2006–2009 (1951-10-29) October 29, 1951 (age 64)
Ken Salazar 2009–2013 (1955-03-02) March 2, 1955 (age 60)

See also

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References

  1. ^ . U.S. Department of the Interior http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/secretaryjewell.cfm. Retrieved 23 May 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Salazar, Vilsack: The West’s New Land Lords
  3. ^ Sally Jewell sails through Senate confirmation, Politico
  4. ^ . U.S. Department of the Interior http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/secretaryjewell.cfm. Retrieved 23 May 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Attorney General
8th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Agriculture