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United States Secretary of the Navy

Secretary of the Navy
SECNAV
150px
Seal of the Department of the Navy
[[File:Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy.svg#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.border|150px]]
Flag of the Secretary of the Navy
Incumbent
Ray Mabus

since May 19, 2009
Department of the Navy
Style Mister Secretary
The Honorable
(formal address in writing)
Reports to Secretary of Defense
Deputy Secretary of Defense
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term as known.
Inaugural holder Benjamin Stoddert
Formation June 18, 1798
Succession 3rd in SecDef succession
Deputy The Under Secretary
(Principal Civilian Deputy)
Chief of Naval Operations
(Navy Advisor and Deputy)
The Commandant
(Marine Corps Advisor and Deputy)
Salary Executive Schedule, level II
Website Official Website

The Secretary of the Navy (or SECNAV) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5013) and the head (chief executive officer) of the Department of the Navy, a military department (component organization) within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

The Secretary of the Navy must by law be a civilian, at least 5 years removed from active military service, and is appointed by the President and requires confirmation by a majority vote of the Senate.

The Secretary of the Navy was, from its creation in 1798, a member of the President's Cabinet until 1949, when the Secretary of the Navy (and the Secretaries of the Army and Air Force) was by amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 made subordinate to the Secretary of Defense.[1]

Responsibilities

The Department of the Navy (DoN) consists of two Uniformed Services: the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.[2] The Secretary of the Navy is responsible for, and has statutory authority (10 U.S.C. § 5013) to "conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Navy", i.e. as its chief executive officer, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the President and the Secretary of Defense. In effect, all authority within the Navy and Marine Corps, unless specifically exempted by law, is derivative of the authority vested in the Secretary of the Navy.

Specifically enumerated responsibilities of the SECNAV in beforementioned section are: recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing. The Secretary also oversees the construction, outfitting, and repair of naval ships, equipment and facilities. SECNAV is responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies and programs that are consistent with the national security policies and objectives established by the President or the Secretary of Defense.[3][4]

The Secretary of the Navy is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board (DAB), chaired by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Furthermore, the Secretary has several statutory responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) with respect to the administration of the military justice system for the Navy & the Marine Corps, including the authority to convene general courts-martial and to commute sentences.

The principal military advisers to the SECNAV are the two service chiefs of the naval services: for matters regarding the Navy the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), and for matters regarding the Marine Corps the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). The CNO and the Commandant act as the principal executive agents of the SECNAV within their respective services to implement the orders of the Secretary.

Navy Regulations

The United States Navy Regulations is the principal regulatory document of the Department of the Navy, and any changes to it can only be approved by the Secretary of the Navy.

U.S. Coast Guard

Whenever the United States Coast Guard operates as a service within the Department of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy has the same powers and duties with respect to the Coast Guard as the Secretary of Homeland Security when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.[5]

The Navy Secretariat

The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, also known within DoD as the Navy Secretariat or simply just as the Secretariat in a DoN setting, is the immediate headquarters staff that supports the Secretary in discharging his duties. The principal officials of the Secretariat include the Under Secretary of the Navy (the Secretary's principal civilian deputy), the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (ASN), the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy, the Judge Advocate General of the Navy (JAG), the Naval Inspector General (NIG), the Chief of Legislative Affairs, and the Chief of Naval Research. The Office of the Secretary of the Navy has sole responsibility within the Department of the Navy for acquisition, auditing, financial and information management, legislative affairs, public affairs, research, and development.[6]

The Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps have their own separate staffs, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (also known by its acronym OPNAV) and Headquarters Marine Corps.

Secretaries of the Navy[7][8]

  Denotes acting Secretaries

Continental Congress

Position Picture Name Term of Office
Chairman of the Marine Committee 75px John Adams October 13, 1775 – 1779
Member of the Marine Committee 75px John Langdon October 13, 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee 75px Silas Deane October 13, 1775–?
Member of the Marine Committee 75px Joseph Hewes 1775 [9]
Continental Navy Board
(under Marine Committee)
November 6, 1776–28 October 28, 1779
Chairman of the Continental Board of Admiralty 75px Francis Lewis December 1779 – 1780
Secretary of Marine 75px Alexander McDougall February 7, 1781 – August 29, 1781
Agent of Marine
(devolved onto Superintendent of Finance)
75px Robert Morris August 29, 1781 – 1784 [10]

(Post of Secretary of Marine created but remained vacant)

Executive Department 1798–1947

No. Picture Name State Term of Office Served under
1 75px Benjamin Stoddert Maryland June 18, 1798 – March 31, 1801 John Adams
2 75px Robert Smith Maryland July 27, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
3 75px Paul Hamilton South Carolina May 15, 1809 – December 31, 1812 James Madison
4 75px William Jones Pennsylvania January 19, 1813 – December 1, 1814
5 75px Benjamin W. Crowninshield Massachusetts January 16, 1815 – September 30, 1818 James Madison, James Monroe
6 75px Smith Thompson New York January 1, 1819 – August 31, 1823 James Monroe
7 75px Samuel L. Southard New Jersey September 16, 1823 – March 4, 1829 James Monroe, John Quincy Adams
8 75px John Branch North Carolina March 9, 1829 – May 12, 1831 Andrew Jackson
9 75px Levi Woodbury New Hampshire May 23, 1831 – June 30, 1834
10 75px Mahlon Dickerson New Jersey July 1, 1834 – June 30, 1838 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
11 75px James K. Paulding New York July 1, 1838 – March 4, 1841 Martin Van Buren
12 75px George E. Badger North Carolina March 6, 1841 – September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
13 75px Abel P. Upshur Virginia October 11, 1841 – July 23, 1843 John Tyler
14 75px David Henshaw Massachusetts July 24, 1843 – February 18, 1844
15 75px Thomas W. Gilmer Virginia February 19, 1844 – February 28, 1844
16 75px John Y. Mason Virginia March 26, 1844 – March 4, 1845
17 75px George Bancroft Massachusetts March 11, 1845 – September 9, 1846 James Knox Polk
18 75px John Y. Mason Virginia September 10, 1846 – March 4, 1849
19 75px William B. Preston Virginia March 8, 1849 – July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 75px William A. Graham North Carolina August 2, 1850 – July 25, 1852 Millard Fillmore
21 75px John P. Kennedy Maryland July 26, 1852 – March 4, 1853
22 75px James C. Dobbin North Carolina March 8, 1853 – March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
23 75px Isaac Toucey Connecticut March 7, 1857 – March 4, 1861 James Buchanan
24 75px Gideon Welles Connecticut March 7, 1861 – March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
25 75px Adolph E. Borie Pennsylvania March 9, 1869 – June 25, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 75px George M. Robeson New Jersey June 26, 1869 – March 4, 1877
(acting) 75px William Faxon March 4, 1877 – March 13, 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes
27 75px Richard W. Thompson Indiana March 13, 1877 – December 20, 1880
28 75px Nathan Goff, Jr. West Virginia January 7, 1881 – March 4, 1881
29 75px William H. Hunt Louisiana March 7, 1881 – April 16, 1882 James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
30 75px William E. Chandler New Hampshire April 16, 1882 – March 4, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
31 75px William C. Whitney New York March 7, 1885 – March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
32 75px Benjamin F. Tracy New York March 6, 1889 – March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
33 75px Hilary A. Herbert Alabama March 7, 1893 – March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland
34 75px John D. Long Massachusetts March 6, 1897 – April 30, 1902 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
35 75px William H. Moody Massachusetts May 1, 1902 – June 30, 1904 Theodore Roosevelt
36 75px Paul Morton Illinois July 1, 1904 – June 30, 1905
37 75px Charles J. Bonaparte Maryland July 1, 1905 – December 16, 1906
38 75px Victor H. Metcalf California December 17, 1906 – November 30, 1908
39 75px Truman H. Newberry Michigan December 1, 1908 – March 4, 1909
40 75px George von L. Meyer Massachusetts March 6, 1909 – March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
41 75px Josephus Daniels North Carolina March 5, 1913 – March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
42 75px Edwin C. Denby Michigan March 6, 1921 – March 10, 1924 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
(acting) 75px Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. New York March 10, 1924 – March 19, 1924 Calvin Coolidge
43 75px Curtis D. Wilbur California March 19, 1924 – March 4, 1929
44 75px Charles F. Adams III Massachusetts March 5, 1929 – March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
45 75px Claude A. Swanson Virginia March 4, 1933 – July 7, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
46 75px Charles Edison New Jersey July 7, 1939 – January 2, 1940
January 2, 1940 – June 24, 1940
(acting) Lewis Compton June 24, 1940 – July 11, 1940
47 75px Frank Knox Illinois July 11, 1940 – April 28, 1944
(acting) 75px Ralph A. Bard April 28, 1944 – May 19, 1944
48 75px James V. Forrestal New York May 19, 1944 – September 17, 1947 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman

Military Department (Department of Defense) 1947–

No. Image Name Term of Office Served under:
Began Ended Days of Service Secretary President
1 75px John L. Sullivan 18 September 1947 24 May 1949 614 James V. Forrestal
Louis A. Johnson
Harry S. Truman
2 75px Francis P. Matthews 25 May 1949 31 July 1951 797 Louis A. Johnson
George C. Marshall
3 75px Dan A. Kimball 31 July 1951 20 January 1953 539 George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
4 75px Robert B. Anderson 4 February 1953 3 March 1954 392 Charles E. Wilson Dwight D. Eisenhower
5 75px Charles S. Thomas 3 May 1954 1 April 1957 1064
6 75px Thomas S. Gates, Jr. 1 April 1957 8 June 1959 798 Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
7 75px William B. Franke 8 June 1959 19 January 1961 591 Neil H. McElroy
Thomas S. Gates, Jr.
8 75px John B. Connally 25 January 1961 20 December 1961 329 Robert S. McNamara John F. Kennedy
9 75px Fred Korth 4 January 1962 1 November 1963 666
(acting) 75px Paul B. Fay 2 November 1963 28 November 1963 26 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
10 75px Paul H. Nitze 29 November 1963 30 June 1967 1309 Lyndon B. Johnson
(acting) Charles F. Baird 1 July 1967 31 August 1967 61
11 75px Paul R. Ignatius 1 September 1967 24 January 1969 511 Robert S. McNamara
Clark Clifford
Melvin R. Laird
Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
12 75px John H. Chafee 31 January 1969 4 May 1972 1189 Melvin R. Laird Richard M. Nixon
13 75px John W. Warner 4 May 1972 8 April 1974 704 Melvin R. Laird
Elliot Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
14 75px J. William Middendorf 8 April 1974 20 January 1977 1018 James R. Schlesinger
Donald H. Rumsfeld
Richard M. Nixon
Gerald Ford
15 75px W. Graham Claytor, Jr. 14 February 1977 24 August 1979 921 Harold Brown Jimmy Carter
16 75px Edward Hidalgo 24 October 1979 20 January 1981 454
17 75px John Lehman 5 February 1981 10 April 1987 2255 Caspar W. Weinberger Ronald Reagan
18 75px Jim Webb 1 May 1987 23 February 1988 298 Caspar W. Weinberger
Frank C. Carlucci
19 75px William L. Ball 28 March 1988 15 May 1989 413 Frank C. Carlucci
Richard B. Cheney
Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
20 75px Henry L. Garrett III 15 May 1989 26 June 1992 1138 Richard B. Cheney George H. W. Bush
(acting) Daniel Howard 26 June 1992 7 July 1992 11
21 75px Sean O'Keefe 7 July 1992 2 October 1992 87
2 October 1992 20 January 1993 110
(acting) 75px Admiral Frank B. Kelso II 20 January 1993 21 July 1993 182 Les Aspin Bill Clinton
22 75px John H. Dalton 22 July 1993 16 November 1998 1943 Les Aspin
William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
23 75px Richard Danzig 16 November 1998 20 January 2001 796 William S. Cohen
(acting) 75px Robert B. Pirie, Jr. 20 January 2001 24 May 2001 124 Donald H. Rumsfeld George W. Bush
24 75px Gordon R. England 24 May 2001 30 January 2003 616
(acting) 75px Susan Livingstone 30 January 2003 7 February 2003 8
(acting) 75px Hansford T. Johnson 7 February 2003 30 September 2003 235
25 75px Gordon R. England 1 October 2003 29 December 2005[11] 820
(acting) 75px Dionel M. Aviles 29 December 2005[11] 3 January 2006[11] 5
26 75px Donald C. Winter 3 January 2006[11] 13 March 2009[12] 1165 Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
(acting) 75px B. J. Penn 13 March 2009[12] 19 May 2009[13] 67 Robert M. Gates Barack Obama
27 75px Ray Mabus 19 May 2009[12] Present 2454 Robert M. Gates
Leon Panetta
Chuck Hagel
Ashton Carter

See also

References

  1. ^ "Guide to Federal Records – General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798–1947". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  2. ^ "The US Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  3. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013. Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Navy Biographies – The Honorable Donald C. Winter". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  5. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5013a. Secretary of the Navy: powers with respect to Coast Guard". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  6. ^ "US CODE: Title 10,5014. Office of the Secretary of the Navy". Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Department of the Navy, Office of the General Counsel (DON-OGC) – OGC History". Archived from the original on July 24, 2007. Retrieved September 23, 2007. 
  8. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "United States Government". World Statesmen. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  9. ^ Joseph Hewes. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval Historical and Heritage Command.
  10. ^ Benson J. Lossing. Household History for All Readers. 1877. Republished in Our Country vol. 2
  11. ^ a b c d Staff reporter (2005-12-29). "Acting Deputy Defense Secretary Relinquishes Top Navy Post". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved 2009-05-18. Navy Undersecretary Dionel M. Aviles will serve as acting Navy secretary effective today. Donald Winter, who was confirmed by the Senate last month, will be sworn in as the 74th secretary of the Navy on Jan. 3. 
  12. ^ a b c "Navy Secretary Departs Office" (Press release). United States Department of Defense. 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2009-05-18. The 74th Secretary of the Navy, Donald C. Winter, resigned his office today as planned. Winter had agreed to remain in office until March 13, 2009, to ease the transition of the Department of Defense. [...] BJ Penn will be the acting Secretary of the Navy until the Senate confirms a nominee chosen by President Barack Obama. 
  13. ^ Staff reporter (2005-05-19). "Mabus Sworn in as New Navy Secretary". NNS. Retrieved 2009-05-20. Ray Mabus, former Mississippi governor and U.S. ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was sworn in May 19 as the 75th secretary of the Navy.  (Archived by WebCite at WebCite)

External links